Since its inception radiation therapy has been used as one of
the essential treatment options in the management of malignant and some benign tumors. With better understanding of tumor biology many new molecules have been added to the armamentarium of an oncologist. There is continuous improvement in surgical techniques with more emphasis on minimally invasive, organ- and function-preserving techniques. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without addition of radiation therapy has helped surgeon downsizing the tumor and obtaining clearer margins.