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Over the last two decades, laparoscopic cholecystectomy
has replaced open cholecystectomy as the standard surgical procedure for majority of patients of gall stone disease. Till 1999, laparoscopic Cholecystectomy was being performed using multiple ports usually 3 or 4 ports.
Intensive desire of surgeon to reduce the number of ports led invention of two port cholecystectomy and then finally
single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) .