Recent Advances in Orthopaedics

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Recent Advances in Orthopaedics



Medical science, particularly in Orthopaedics has progressed ...

Medical science, particularly in Orthopaedics has progressed
and seen tremendous revolutionary changes over
the last few decades. Starting from an era of no surgery,
it has refined to minimally invasive surgeries and keyhole
surgeries in almost all sub specialties of Orthopaedics.



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Recent Advances in Orthopaedics Document Transcript

  • 1. Recent Advances in Orthopaedics
  • 2. Apollo Medicine 2012 December Volume 9, Number 4; p. 288 Editorial Recent advances in orthopaedics K.C. Mehtaa,b,c,* Medical science, particularly in Orthopaedics has progressed and seen tremendous revolutionary changes over the last few decades. Starting from an era of no surgery, it has refined to minimally invasive surgeries and keyhole surgeries in almost all subspecialties of Orthopaedics. With advancements in technology and a better understanding of various diseases have significantly contributed to an ideal management of different orthopaedic conditions and ailments. The current issue of Apollo Medicine refers to the ‘Recent Advances in Orthopaedics’ that deals with some of the very important developments in these areas. Joint replacement surgery has been a boon and gift to the human race, in form of mobility and pain free life for patients suffering from arthritis. Hundreds of thousands of joints are replaced in different parts of the world with state of art technology. It is one of the commonest procedures performed in Orthopaedics all over the world. Knee and Hip replacement surgeries have a long and proven track record of success. Knee replacement surgery using a special surgical technique as discussed by Mehta et al (Chandra Knee Clinic & Apollo Hospitals International, Ahmedabad) in this issue highlights the advantages of minimally invasive surgery with good range of movement without the help of any kind of physiotherapist’s assistance after the surgery. Knee problems in terms of patients suffering from severe pain and reduced mobility have increased fourfold, due to increase in average life span of the Indian patients in last five decades due to improved medical facilities in post-independence era. This has lead to increase in the number of knee replacement surgeries. Vaishya et al have highlighted the ‘pain’ as the fifth vital sign and discussed the role of pain and its management in knee replacement. Spinal surgery is now being done by exclusive specialists, which had really improved the results due to better knowledge and focus on the problems particularly related to this speciality. Minimally invasive spinal surgery has been beneficial to patients in terms of reduced post-op pain, reduced blood loss, early functional recovery, shorter hospital stay, etc. as discussed by Jaiswal et al. Shoulder problems have always been challenging to solve, but with the newer technology and advancements, there has been improvement in the results in terms of functional recovery. In India, to take on shoulder problems as a super speciality branch, still there is lot of scope and a long way ahead to go for. Banerjee et al have highlighted various factors to address the problem of shoulder instability, which can be addressed either by exercises or surgery. Evaluation of the efficacy of arthroscopic release of anterior capsule in patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis, with results providing excellent functional outcome has been presented by Kar et al in this issue. The issue includes other rare and instructional case reports of the role of prosthetic replacement in management of communited radial head fractures (Reddy et al) and occurrence of the Giant osteoid osteoma of the tibial shaft (Vaishya et al). Makroo et al have shared an interesting hospital experience in relation to the use of predonated autologous blood transfusion in an elective orthopaedic surgery. I’m sure that this issue of Apollo Medicine on Recent Advances in Orthopaedics would be interesting, instructive and very much informative to all the readers. a Chief Knee Surgeon and Director, Chandra Knee Clinics, bDirector, Chandra Knee Foundation, cGroup Director, Knee Programme, Apollo Hospitals Internationals, Ahmedabad, India. * Apollo Hospitals Internationals, Ahmedabad, India. email: Copyright Ó 2012, Indraprastha Medical Corporation Ltd. All rights reserved.
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