Java High Level Stream API

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Presenter - Siyuan Hua, Apache Apex PMC Member & DataTorrent Engineer

Apache Apex provides a DAG construction API that gives the developers full control over the logical plan. Some use cases don't require all of that flexibility, at least so it may appear initially. Also a large part of the audience may be more familiar with an API that exhibits more functional programming flavor, such as the new Java 8 Stream interfaces and the Apache Flink and Spark-Streaming API. Thus, to make Apex beginners to get simple first app running with familiar API, we are now providing the Stream API on top of the existing DAG API. The Stream API is designed to be easy to use yet flexible to extend and compatible with the native Apex API. This means, developers can construct their application in a way similar to Flink, Spark but also have the power to fine tune the DAG at will. Per our roadmap, the Stream API will closely follow Apache Beam (aka Google Data Flow) model. In the future, you should be able to either easily run Beam applications with the Apex Engine or express an existing application in a more declarative style.

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Java High Level Stream API

  1. 1. Stream API For Apex June 2016
  2. 2. Apex Overview
  3. 3. Apex Overview • YARN is the resource manager • HDFS used for storing any persistent state
  4. 4. Current Development Model Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) Output Stream Tupl e Tupl e er Operator er Operator er Operator er Operator er Operator er Operator ● Stream is a sequence of data tuples ● Typical Operator takes one or more input streams, performs computations & emits one or more output streams ● Each operator is your custom business logic in java, or built-in operator from our open source library ● Operator has many instances that run in parallel and each instance is single-threaded ● Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) is made up of operators and streams
  5. 5. Current Application Example @ApplicationAnnotation(name="WordCountDemo") public class Application implements StreamingApplication { @Override public void populateDAG(DAG dag, Configuration conf) { WordCountInputOperator input = dag.addOperator("wordinput", new WordCountInputOperator()); UniqueCounter<String> wordCount = dag.addOperator("count", new UniqueCounter<String>()); ConsoleOutputOperator consoleOperator = dag.addOperator("console", new ConsoleOutputOperator()); dag.addStream("wordinput-count", input.outputPort, wordCount.data); dag.addStream("count-console",wordCount.count, consoleOperator.input); } }
  6. 6. o Easier for beginners to start with o Fluent API o Smaller learning curve o Transform methods in one place vs operator library o Operator API provides flexibility while high-level API provides ease of use Why we need high-level API
  7. 7. Stream API map(..) filter(..) … addOperator(...) with(prop, val) … window(Opt...) ApexStream<T> group(..) groupByKey(...) reduce(..) fold(..) join(..) count(..) … window(Opt...) WindowedStream<T> <<interface>> <<interface>>
  8. 8. Stream API (Application Example) @ApplicationAnnotation(name = "WordCountStreamingApiDemo") public class ApplicationWithStreamAPI implements StreamingApplication { @Override public void populateDAG(DAG dag, Configuration configuration) { String localFolder = "./src/test/resources/data"; ApexStream<String> stream = StreamFactory .fromFolder(localFolder) .flatMap(new Split()) .window(new WindowOption.GlobalWindow(), new TriggerOption().withEarlyFiringsAtEvery(Duration.millis(1000)).accumulatingFiredPanes()) .countByKey(new ConvertToKeyVal()).print(); stream.populateDag(dag); } }
  9. 9. How it works o ApexStream<T> literally means bounded/unbounded data set of type T o ApexStream<T> also holds a graph data struture of all operator and connections between operators from input to current point o Each transform method attach one or more operators to current graph data structure and return a new Apex Stream object o The graph data structure won’t be translated to Apex DAG until populateDag or run method are called
  10. 10. How it works (Con’t)
  11. 11. ○ Method chain for readability ○ Stateless transform(map, flatmap, filter) ○ Some input and output are available (file, console, Kafka) ○ Some interoperability (addOperator, getDag, set property/attributes etc) ○ Local mode and distributed mode ○ Annonymous function class support ○ Extensible Current Status
  12. 12. ○ WindowedStream is in pull request along with Operators that support it ○ A few window transforms (count, reduce, etc) ○ 3 Window types (fix window, sliding window, session window) ○ 3 Trigger types (early trigger, late trigger, at watermark) ○ 3 Accumulation modes(accumulate, discard, accumulation_retraction) ○ In memory window state (checkpointed) Current Status (Con’t)
  13. 13. Roadmap ○ Persistent window state for windowed operators (large state) ○ Fully follow Beam model (window, trigger, watermark) ○ Rich selection of windowed transform (group, combine, join) ○ Support custom window assignor ○ Support custom trigger ○ More input/output (hbase, cassendra, jdbc, etc) ○ Better schema support ○ More language support (java 8, scala, etc...) ○ What the community asks for
  14. 14. Resources ○ Apache Apex website - http://apex.apache.org/ ○ Subscribe - http://apex.apache.org/community.html ○ Download - http://apex.apache.org/downloads.html ○ Twitter - @ApacheApex; Follow - https://twitter.com/apacheapex ○ Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/ApacheApex/ ○ Meetup - http://www.meetup.com/topics/apache-apex ○ SlideShare - http://www.slideshare.net/ApacheApex/presentations ○ More Examples - https://github.com/DataTorrent/examples ○ Pull request https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar/pull/319 https://github.com/apache/apex-malhar/pull/327
  15. 15. Demo & Code Example ○ Word Count ○ AutoComplete
  16. 16. Thank You! June 2016 Comments/Questions siyuan@datatorrent.com

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