The surname Bolívar derives
from the Bolívar aristocrats
who came from a small
village in the Basque
Country, Spain, called La
Puebla de Bolívar. His father
came from the male line of
the Ardanza family.
His maternal grandmother was descended from
some families from the Canary Islands that
settled in the country.
The Bolívars settled in Venezuela in the sixteenth
century. His first South American Bolívar
ancestor was Simón de Bolívar (or Simon de
Bolibar; the spelling was not standardized until
the nineteenth century), who went to live and
work with the governor of Santo Domingo from
1550 to 1570.
When the governor of Santo
Domingo was reassigned to
Venezuela by the Spanish Crown in
1589, Simón de Bolívar came back
with him. As an early settler in
Caracas Province, he became
prominent in the local society and
he and his descendants were
granted estates, encomiendas and
positions in the Caracas cabildo.
The Mount Rushmore National Memorial is
a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount
Rushmore near Keystone,South Dakota, in
the United States. Sculpted by DanishAmerican Gutzon Borglum, and his son, Lincoln
Borglum, Mount Rushmore features 60-foot
(18 m) sculptures of the heads of four United
States presidents : George Washington (1732–
1799),Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore
Roosevelt (1858–1919) and Abraham
South Dakota historian Doane Robinson is
credited with conceiving the idea of carving
the likenesses of famous people into
the Black Hills region of South Dakota in
order to promote tourism in the region.
Robinson's initial idea was to sculpt the
Needles; however, Gutzon Borglum rejected
the Needles site because of the poor quality
of the granite and strong opposition from
Native American groups.
Luther taught that salvation and subsequently eternity in heaven is
not earned by good deeds but is received only as a free gift of
God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin and
subsequently eternity in hell. His theology challenged the
authority of the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church by teaching
that the Bible is the only source of divinely revealed knowledge
from God and opposed sacerdotalism by considering all baptized
Christians to be a holy priesthood. Those who identify with
these, and all of Luther's wider teachings, are called Lutherans.
Diana was born into an aristocratic English family
with royal ancestry as The Honourable Diana
Spencer. She was the fourth child ofJohn
Spencer, Viscount Althorp and his first wife, the
Honourable Frances Roche, daughter of the 4th
Baron Fermoy. Diana becameLady Diana Spencer
when her father inherited the title of Earl
Spencer in 1975. She became a public figure with
the announcement of her engagement.
An eternal flame is a flame, lamp or torch that
burns continuously for an indefinite period. Most
eternal flames are ignited and tended
intentionally, but some are natural phenomena
caused by natural gas leaks, peat fires and coal
seam fires, all of which can be initially ignited by
lightning, piezoelectricity or human activity, and
all of which can burn for decades or centuries.