Smart Materials For Military Applications

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Nanosensors, Motes, Smart skin, wireless distributed sensors By Anupam Tiwari, senior menber IETE.

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Smart Materials For Military Applications

  1. 1. National Conference on Emerging Trends in Intelligent Computing & Communication 13-14 Apr 12, “Galgotias College of Engineering & Technology” Greater Noida. Anupam TiwariSmart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161, 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 1
  2. 2. Smart Materials Introduction. Smart Concept & Definition. Smart “Sensors “ for Military Applications. Smart Clothes & Smart Dust (Specific Application). Conclusion. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 2
  3. 3. Smart MaterialsDefinition:•Materials that can significantly change their mechanical ,thermal, optical, or electromagnetic properties,in a predictable / controllable manner in response to theirenvironment. They perform sensing and actuating functions.•Smart Materials incorporate intelligence into systems/objectwhich make object/ things/system “smart”.• AI, Nanotechnology, Soft computing etc are used for makingobject/system “Smart”. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161, 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 3
  4. 4. Smart Material/ SmartStructure Piezoelectric. Electro-strictive. Magneto-strictive. Shape Memory Alloys. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161, 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 4
  5. 5. Example -1“Smart Carpet” Piezoelectric forbuilding/installation security. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161, 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 5
  6. 6. “Smart Sensors” ( Military Applications) MAVs/NAVs Micro Air Vehicles/ Nano Air Vehicles. Int Gathering/ sensors. Smart Dust.Smart Materials For Military Applications, EICC-161, 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 6
  7. 7. SMART MAVs/ NAVs Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 , 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 7
  8. 8. Smart Combat SuitBody Armor, detect NBC threat , Wearable electronicsCommunicate with Net-centre room and get updates forbetter situational awareness. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 8
  9. 9. Smart Skin Soldiers could wear a T- shirt made of special tactile material that can detect a variety of signals from the human body, such as detection of hits by bullets. It can then generate signal which indicates nature of injury, analyze their extent, decide on the urgency to react, and even takes some action to stabilize the injury. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 9
  10. 10. Smart Cloths Combination of mobile multimedia, wireless communication, and wearable computing. Wearable electronics , supports distributed computing and communications systems. Applications includes telemedicine, military, police / emergency service ,entertainment, sports and fashion wear. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 10
  11. 11. Definition :A dust “mote” is an autonomous nodeincorporating sensing, computing,communications and a power source in a( mm³ ) volume. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 11
  12. 12. What is “Smart Dust”? It is a nano-structured silicon senor which can spontaneously assemble, orient sense and report on their local environment, which can be used in a number of applications. Main purpose is to collect and relay information(up to 1 Km). Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 12
  13. 13. Components of “MOTE” Microcontroller Tiny Operating System (Tiny OS) Processor 3 KB RAM One week fully active, 2 year @1 % duty cycle. TCP/IP Protocols includes management planes(Mobility, Power and Task )Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 13
  14. 14. Smart Dust Military Deployment “Smart Dust”, creates a wireless network of nano- scaled sensors, called “Motes”( mm³ ) . “Motes” are dispersed by UAV across a battle space, like (food packets ) yielding real-time information about enemy or troops movements, and remote MET observations, and tactical environment. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 14
  15. 15. Int Gathering in Office by “Mote”.Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 15
  16. 16. Applications of Smart DustS Measure vibrations in Aero engines, compressors and pass reading using wireless links to predict equipment failure.n Monitor local temperatures,(Remote MET Observations)m Monitor speed and Volume tactical move of troops/tanks. Monitor presence of people (unauthorized LOC crossing monitoring).l Target contaminants in drinking water.(GD contingency)n Relay information about cancerous cells/wounds (medical Application).t Detect hazardous chemical and biological agents(NBC Defense). Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 16
  17. 17. Air Force Application CNT coating on cockpit. Nano enabled high calories eatables, Nano bandage, Nano medicine (nano-bio fusion), Nano water purifier, and nano-sensor (as RFID tag) war tag which will carry his service number and religion. PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) which will communicate with Net centric Room. Pistol, knife and high quality touch with NT enable light weight battery.Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 17
  18. 18. Conclusion Smart means “Incorporating Intelligence in object/Systems with Technologies. NT, AI, Soft computing are most important technologies for “Smart Systems”. MAV/NAVs will be use as Sensors for Warfare. Smart Combat Suits enhance solider capabilities and improves situational awareness. “Mote” as sensors is used for wireless distributed sensors for Military applications. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 18
  19. 19. References[1] Georges Akhras, Canadian Military Journal, page 25-31 G Autumn 2000[2] Joel M. Grasmeyer and Matthew T. Keennon, Development of the Black Widow Micro Air Vehicle. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics[3] McMichael, J.M., and Francis, M.S., Micro Air Vehicles – Toward a New Dimension in Flight, DARPA, USA, 1997.[4] Steve Mann, communications of the ACM., August 1996/Vol. 39, No. 8.[5] 0. Sahin, 0. Kayacan, E. Yazgan Bulgun , Smart Textiles for Soldier of the Future Defence Science Journal, Vol. 55, No. 2, April 2005, pp. 195-205 O 2005, DESIDOC[6] Brett Warneke, Sunil Bhave, Smart Dust Mote Core Architecture[7] Ross Anderson, Haowen Chan and Adrian Perrig, Key Infection: Smart Trust for Smart Dust. CS252, Spring 2000: Project Report Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, 497 Cory Hall, Berkeley CA 94720.[8] I.F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Cayirc, Wireless sensor networks: a survey, Computer Networks 38 (2002) 393–422. Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12 19
  20. 20. Thanks Have a Nice Day ? 20Smart Materials For Military Applications EICC-161 13-14 Apr 12 Anupam Tiwari 29/04/12

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