Presentation On Safeguarding Democracy

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Presentation of talk given at the International Conference on EVMs

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Presentation On Safeguarding Democracy

  1. 1. EVM safeguarding democracy Anupam Saraph, PhD, Democracy activist
  2. 2. democracy is a set of game rules that, in their gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a civil society seek to maximize their interests using transparent and nonviolent means @zuola
  3. 3. 2009
  4. 4. EVMs come to polling booths
  5. 5. People go to EVMs
  6. 6. 2009 Lok Sabha Total EVM's used: 1.025 million Operational speed of EVMs: maximum of 5 votes per minute Number of votes one EVM can register: 3,840 Number of candidates an EVM can hold: maximum of 64
  7. 7. Is the vote in the box?
  8. 8. 6th May 2009 10 days before polling was over files downloaded from ECI had votes polled data
  9. 9. 16 th May 2009 When counting was over files downloaded from ECI had no votes polled data
  10. 10. How can EVM votes be guaranteed to be the peoples mandate?
  11. 11. How can the conductor of polls certify them to be free or fair?
  12. 12. How can the widening voting divide be bridged?
  13. 13. Receipts
  14. 14. Voter Receipts
  15. 15. Audits
  16. 16. Open-Architecture Audits
  17. 17. http://eci.gov.in/AuditTheElection
  18. 18. Access to vote numbers Access to voter ID Info on legitimate votes at each polling station Info on legitimate voters at a polling booth Info on legitimate votes polled at a polling station Access to candidate numbers Info on legitimate votes polled for each candidate at a polling station Access to polling officer ID
  19. 19. Bridge the voting divide
  20. 20. Take EVMs to people
  21. 21. Take EVMs to people
  22. 22. 45,000 ATMs 471 million mobile subscribers 127 million phones capable of internet access
  23. 23. 45 million internet users 13 million DTH subscribers 37 million land line phones
  24. 24. 675 million registered voters 380 million voted in 2009 Lok Sabha 828,804 polling stations in 2009 Lok Sabha
  25. 25. Lower costs!
  26. 26. Single Phase
  27. 27. EVM Safeguards Provide receipts Open- audits ubiquitous EVMs
  28. 28. democracy is a set of game rules that, in their gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a civil society seek to maximize their interests using transparent and nonviolent means @zuola
  29. 29. voting is a game of expression of interests where, in its gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a democracy seek to maximize their involvement using transparent and nonviolent means @anupamsaraph
  30. 30. 2009 Lok Sabha Voter Receipts: none Conducting of Polls: Huge paraphernelia Certification of Polls: by conductor of polls Outreach: Huge Voting divide Cost: more than 10,000 crores
  31. 31. 2009 Lok Sabha Not inspiring confidence or trust Non-transparent Controversial Poor participation Inconvenient and multi-phase
  32. 32. Next Lok Sabha Total EVM's used:472 million Operational speed of EVMs: unlimited votes per minute Number of votes one EVM can register: unlimited Number of candidates an EVM can hold: unlimited
  33. 33. Next Lok Sabha Voter Receipts: 2 part Conducting of Polls: no paraphernelia Certification of Polls: by anyone Outreach: to every voter Cost: fraction of previous
  34. 34. Next Lok Sabha Double-record accounting with receipt Highly transparent Third party independent open audits Easy polling with larger participation Safer, convenient single-phase polling

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