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  • 1. EVM safeguarding democracy Anupam Saraph, PhD, Democracy activist
  • 2. democracy is a set of game rules that, in their gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a civil society seek to maximize their interests using transparent and nonviolent means @zuola
  • 3. 2009
  • 4. EVMs come to polling booths
  • 5. People go to EVMs
  • 6. 2009 Lok Sabha Total EVM's used: 1.025 million Operational speed of EVMs: maximum of 5 votes per minute Number of votes one EVM can register: 3,840 Number of candidates an EVM can hold: maximum of 64
  • 7. Is the vote in the box?
  • 8. 6th May 2009 10 days before polling was over files downloaded from ECI had votes polled data
  • 9. 16 th May 2009 When counting was over files downloaded from ECI had no votes polled data
  • 10. How can EVM votes be guaranteed to be the peoples mandate?
  • 11. How can the conductor of polls certify them to be free or fair?
  • 12. How can the widening voting divide be bridged?
  • 13. Receipts
  • 14. Voter Receipts
  • 15. Audits
  • 16. Open-Architecture Audits
  • 17. http://eci.gov.in/AuditTheElection
  • 18. Access to vote numbers Access to voter ID Info on legitimate votes at each polling station Info on legitimate voters at a polling booth Info on legitimate votes polled at a polling station Access to candidate numbers Info on legitimate votes polled for each candidate at a polling station Access to polling officer ID
  • 19. Bridge the voting divide
  • 20. Take EVMs to people
  • 21. Take EVMs to people
  • 22. 45,000 ATMs 471 million mobile subscribers 127 million phones capable of internet access
  • 23. 45 million internet users 13 million DTH subscribers 37 million land line phones
  • 24. 675 million registered voters 380 million voted in 2009 Lok Sabha 828,804 polling stations in 2009 Lok Sabha
  • 25. Lower costs!
  • 26. Single Phase
  • 27. EVM Safeguards Provide receipts Open- audits ubiquitous EVMs
  • 28. democracy is a set of game rules that, in their gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a civil society seek to maximize their interests using transparent and nonviolent means @zuola
  • 29. voting is a game of expression of interests where, in its gradual process towards perfection, independent individuals and organizations in a democracy seek to maximize their involvement using transparent and nonviolent means @anupamsaraph
  • 30. 2009 Lok Sabha Voter Receipts: none Conducting of Polls: Huge paraphernelia Certification of Polls: by conductor of polls Outreach: Huge Voting divide Cost: more than 10,000 crores
  • 31. 2009 Lok Sabha Not inspiring confidence or trust Non-transparent Controversial Poor participation Inconvenient and multi-phase
  • 32. Next Lok Sabha Total EVM's used:472 million Operational speed of EVMs: unlimited votes per minute Number of votes one EVM can register: unlimited Number of candidates an EVM can hold: unlimited
  • 33. Next Lok Sabha Voter Receipts: 2 part Conducting of Polls: no paraphernelia Certification of Polls: by anyone Outreach: to every voter Cost: fraction of previous
  • 34. Next Lok Sabha Double-record accounting with receipt Highly transparent Third party independent open audits Easy polling with larger participation Safer, convenient single-phase polling