Notre Dame de Paris , known simply as Notre Dame in English, is a Gothic cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in Paris, France.
Notre Dame de Paris was one of the first Gothic cathedrals, and its construction spanned the Gothic period. Its sculptures and stained glass show the heavy influence of naturalism.
Maurice de Sully, bishop of Paris, decided to build a new cathedral for the expanding population, dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Although construction started in 1163, it was not completed until roughly 180 years later in about 1345.
During the Commune of 1871, the Cathedral was nearly burned by the Communards .
Starting in 1991, a 10 year program of general maintenance and restoration was initiated. While work continues, sections of the structure are likely to be shrouded by scaffolds.
The Kaaba is the holiest place in Islam. The qibla, is the direction from their location on Earth towards the Kaaba.
A significant feature of the Kaaba is the Black Stone,. It is about 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter, and is surrounded by a silver frame.
As little is known of the pre-Islamic history of the Kaaba, there are various opinions regarding its formation and significance.
Writing in the Encyclopedia of Islam, Wensinck identifies Mecca with a place called Macoraba mentioned by Ptolemy. His text is believed to date from the second century AD, and described it as a foundation in southern Arabia, built around a sanctuary.
The Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, the location where Siddhartha Gautama, attained enlightenment.
Bodh Gaya is located about 96 km from Patna, Bihar state, India. Next to the temple, to its western side, is the holy Bodhi tree.
Traditional accounts say that, around 530 BC, Gautama Buddha, wandering as a monk, reached the sylvan banks of Falgu River, near the city of Gaya, India.
There he sat in meditation under a peepul tree (Sacred Fig), which later became known as the Bodhi tree.