Big history


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Big history

  1. 1. Big History<br />Anthony Knapp<br />Hist. 140 <br />7/23/2011<br />
  2. 2. What is Big HistorySource: The “Big” History of Coffee “ Big History” <> <br />Big History the official definition; is a different way to look at history. It takes a small question and ups the scale. <br />Meaning that it takes history past the time scales and groups history into common themes. <br />
  3. 3. Big History Cont.Source: The Way We Are Video <br />Human Perception changes with the knowledge that we know. <br />The Western Civilization was built upon the Greeks of questioning everything in the universe. <br />This relates to Big History, because big history ups the scale of the question being ask.<br />Also big history combines many subjects to answer the question being ask. <br />
  4. 4. Catastrophesource: Secrets of the Dead “Catastrophe!” <br />Catastrophes can change the course of history of a country and for the big ones they can change the course of history<br />Example would be the mass extinction of the dinosaurs. With the massive meteor.<br />The two scientist that were leading the investigation was Prof. Bailey and Davis<br />In the 6th-7th century there was a massive climate change in the world. <br />This was seen in extremely narrow tree rings found all over world that suggested a cooler summers.<br />This was supported by historic records at this time that noted the cooler days.<br />After examine ice cores in Greenland and Antarctica, and saw there was a large amounts of sulfur, which are tell -tell signs of a volcanic eruption,<br />This led to Krakatoa off the coast of Southeast Asia, which erupted in the 1800’s.<br /><ul><li>The consequence of the 6th Century eruption was causing the Bubonic Plague in Asia that shatter the dreams of bringing the Roman Empire back to its former glory.</li></li></ul><li>Migration Source: National Geographic: “Journey of Mankind” by Spencer Williams<br />Spencer Wells is a geneticst who worked on a project to trace the ancestor of modern mankind<br />Spencer Wells concluded that every bodies ancestor came from the Soma Bushmen in Africa. <br />This was based on a certain genetic trait on the Y-chormosomein males <br />50,000 years ago some of the Bushmen left Africa and ended in Australia.<br />Later at 40,000 more bushman left Africa and spread through the Middle East and Asia, and finally Europe and North America. <br />
  5. 5. Migration: Cont. Source: Video: The Colombian Trade <br />There are reasons for migrations like hunting and gathering foods.<br />The other reason is for trade. A example would be the Spanish Conquistador exploring and conquering most of the Americas in the 15thand 16th century. <br />
  6. 6. Trade: Before Columbus Source: The world in 1492 and Columbus’s World <br />To Understand why Christopher Columbus embarked on his journey that change history we must look at the World that he lived in.<br />The World of Columbus was a world that started to devolved trade after the Crusades which brought back spices of the far east. <br />At this time there was tension with Muslim who conquered Constantinople and the southern part of Spain. <br />All the trade routes to Asia were controlled by the Muslim Empire, and force European traders to pay inflated prices. <br />
  7. 7. Trade: Christopher Columbus Source: The world in 1492 and Columbus’s World <br />It is important to talk about who Columbus is.<br />Columbus was born in 1451 in the Italian City-State of Genova.<br />Like in may Italian City-States people in the City State were able to move up in society and were taught to be self confident and to be ambitious.<br />Columbus later became a merchant representative.<br />Columbus goal to reach the Asian island of Samona “Where the gold was”<br />Also to reach China, which was consider to a technological and cultural center. <br />To reach these two places would potential gains lots of wealth <br />
  8. 8. Trade: After Columbus Source: The Columbian Trade <br />The legacy that Columbus left enormous.<br />It was the first time that both of the continents where link by trade. <br />The Europeans Brought grains like wheat and barely which found to be great climate to grow<br />Also brought livestock like cows, the cows develop the gachos and cowboys which both became respected icons in their countries<br />Horses were also brought which change Native Americans life's and help flourish their culture.<br />The European also brought foods that were native to the Americas like potatoes, maize, and casaba which saved people form starvation. <br />
  9. 9. FoodSources: Guns, Germs, and Steel: Esp 1 Out of Eden, The Columbian Trade <br />Food is a important factor in developing society. <br />Agriculture started in the Middle East 11,500 years <br />9,000 years after came live stock <br />These two factors played important role in that they provide two stable food sources. <br />This in turned help support larger populations and help create specialist <br />The specialist in turned could produce steel<br />Although 1,000 years latter the Fertile Crescent was abandoned for over use<br />Agriculture was carried over to other area similar latitudes.<br />For the people who were not so lucky couldn’t supply the constant food, couldn’t developed like the others <br />
  10. 10. ConquestSources: Gun, Germs, and Steel: Esp. 2 Conquests<br />The reason that the Spanish Conquistador were able to beat the Inca Empire of South America. <br />Frist the technology of the Spanish weapons were made after fighting with the Moors for two hundred years. To jacobabus, which were primitive guns. <br />Second was the horses, which were bred for over 4000 years in Spain, also the Spanish riding style of jimeta, which emphasis control and maneuverability and riding with one hand.<br />Must important was knowledge, which the Incas were isolated from the rest of the world. That knowledge was able to move easier east to west, instead North to South. <br />Lastly Diseases that European were immune to. <br />
  11. 11. Picture Sources <br />
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