Architecture Governance 1 ANTHONY DEHNASHI (PARSYSTECH.COM) 2013
Content Overview 2 A Brief Quick look at the Governance in general [simple terms] Quick review of the Architecture Governance based on TOGAF framework.
Governance 3 What is Governance? Its not a Dictatorship Culture or Mindset! Ensure things are done according to their layout. Ensure an entity works the way they suppose to work. Ensure guidelines have been followed. is the act of governing which relates to decisions that define expectations, grant power, or verify performance. Some of Governance types : Corporate governance, IT governance, technology governance, SOA governance, Architecture governance. Should come in the form of a framework
Characteristics of Governance 4 Discipline Commit to adhere to all process, procedures, etc. Transparency All actions and related materials are visible and available for review and inspectionCharacteristics Independence Ways to avoid any conflict and / or disagreements on interests [interest collision]. Accountability Everyone who perform the tasks are accountable. Responsibility Everyone must act responsibly while performing tasks. Fairness All teams and groups are equal with one another. No advantage.
Architecture Governance 5 What is it? Again not a dictatorship mindset. What you know from Governance now put it in the Context of Architecture. LESS about strict adherence to rules and MORE about providing services to IT / Business to facilitate innovation. The practice and orientation by which enterprise and other architectures are managed and controlled at an enterprise wide level. A Collection of guidelines & controls For final solution to adhere to. To ensuring the architecture aligns with what has been identified. To ensuring the architecture follows the vision and in alignment with objectives.
Architecture Governance 6 Corporate Governance Operates within a hierarchy of Architecture governance Technology Governance structures Governance within organization: IT Governance
TOGAF and Governance 7TPGAF focus is on Architecture Governance which supports other forms of governance. Corporate Governance Technology Governance IT Governance Architecture Governance
TOGAF and Governance 8 Controls ComplianceCovers the areas of Management Accountability
TOGAF ADM & Governance 9 Get Top management Preliminary support• Identified areas within A. Architecture TOGAF ADM. Vision• Defines & Supports the H. Architecture B. Business Change Architecture Management architecture governance.• Acquire top management support and authorization. G. C. Requirements• Ensures the compliancy. Implementati on Governance Management Information System Architecture Define Gov. F. Migration Planning D. Technology Architecture guidelines E. Opportunities and Solutions
TOGAF AGF Meta Model 10TOGAF - Architecture Governance Meta Model
Architecture Compliance [Link to Governance] 11Irrelevant Architecture•The implementation has no features in common with standards and specification Specification Implementation so the question of conformance does not arise.Consistent•The implementation has some features in common with the specification and are h implemented in accordance with the specification.Compliant•Some features in specification are not implemented but all implemented features are covered by specification and in accordance with it.Conformant•All the features in specification are implemented in accordance with specification but some more features are implemented that are no in accordance with it.Fully Compliant•There is full correspondence between specification and implementation.Non-Conformant•Any of the above in which some features in the specification are implemented not in accordance with specification.
Architecture Governance Effectiveness 12 Architecture governance effectiveness being defined and measures by existence of necessary elements and produced outputs.Elements• A cross-organizational architecture review board [ARB]• Architecture Principles.• Standards to cover all architectures [business, application, data, and technology]• Well defined architecture compliance process.Outputs• Compliance assessments• Capabilities and solutions that are compliant.
TOGAF & COBIT 13 TOGAF and COBIT can be integrated to streamline the architecture governance Principles look familiar right? COBIT 5 now includes the coverage for Meeting Governance at enterprise level [before Stakeholder Needs only covered IT Governance 4.1] TOGAF is a framework for EA and Architecture Governance. Separating Covering the Governance Enterprise Form End-to-end COBIT can be integrated into TOGAF Management COBIT 5 [preliminary, E,F,G,H phases]. Principles COBIT can provide guidance to confirm the compliancy of architecture with corporate standards, policies, objectives Enabling a Holistic Applying a Single and business strategy and objectives. Approach Integrated Framework
Final Word 14 Without having Governance in place, the possibility of things go off-road is high, so as the risks, which can cause you dramatic problems! If , for whatever reason, you don’t have governance in place or can not have for the moment at least: 1. Start simple. 2. Create a basic questionnaire or check-list 3. Communicate it with stakeholders/teams. 4. Use it through your existing processes[SDLC and / or PM process] to ensure the consistency/compliancy of designs / solutions with specifications, standards, etc. 5. Review and communicate the results / outcomes. 6. Monitor & Improve.
References & Resources 15 TOGAF, the open group [www.opengroup.org] AIEA COBIT 5 [www.isaca.org]