Revision learning

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Revision learning

  1. 1. 4. Aspects of Human Learning Cognitive ConstructivistBehavioristic Skinner Pavlov Ausubel Rogers
  2. 2. 4. Aspects of Human Learning Cognitive ConstructivistBehavioristicS- R Old + New = Meaning Social interactionGoverned by consequence Systematic forgetting Adaption Personal growthLanguage learning requires Language Learningstimulus response exposure requires meaningful Community of learners – contexts Facilitate, Interact, empower
  3. 3. 4. Aspects of Human LearningCommunity of learners Learner centeredInteraction Social InteractionLearn how to learn Constrictivist - Whole Person RogersEmpowerment EmotionFacilitation not instruction Adapt & grow to enhance Self-concept – individual existence reality
  4. 4. 4. Learning - Gagne• One – Signal Learning BEHAVIOURIST
  5. 5. 4. Learning - Gagne• Two – Stimulus Response BEHAVIOURIST
  6. 6. 4. Learning - Gagne• Three – Chaining BEHAVIOURIST
  7. 7. 4. Learning - Gagne• Four – Multiple discriminations BEHAVIOURIST
  8. 8. 4. Learning - Gagne• Five – Concept Learning COGNITIVE
  9. 9. 4. Learning - Gagne• Six – Principle Learning Cognitive/Constructivist Patterns
  10. 10. 4. Learning - Gagne• Seven – Problem Solving Cognitive/Constructivist
  11. 11. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Linguistic
  12. 12. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Logic - Maths
  13. 13. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Musical
  14. 14. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Spatial – forming mental pictures of reality
  15. 15. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Body - Kinesthetic
  16. 16. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Naturalist
  17. 17. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Interpersonal
  18. 18. 4. Learning – Multiple Intelligence : Gardiner• Intrapersonal – ID , me , self-awareness
  19. 19. Language Teaching MethodsTotal Physical Response The Natural Approach “Silent” “ i + I” “conversation”The Audiolingual Method Community Language Learning
  20. 20. Language Teaching MethodsTotal Physical Response The Natural Approach “Silent” “ i + I” “conversation”The Audiolingual Method Community Language Learning
  21. 21. Total Physical Response• Low stress environment
  22. 22. Total Physical Response• Listening
  23. 23. Total Physical Response• Acting
  24. 24. Total Physical Response• Today useful for classroom activities• Based on Behaviorist ideas of stimulus – response (S-R)
  25. 25. Language Teaching MethodsTotal Physical Response The Natural Approach “Silent” “ i + I” “conversation”The Audiolingual Method Community Language Learning
  26. 26. Krashen’s Natural Approach• “Silent Period”
  27. 27. Krashen’s Natural Approach• “ i + I”• Basic conversation. New input just beyond the learners level.
  28. 28. Krashen’s Natural Approach• “conversation”
  29. 29. Krashen’s Natural Approach• Facilitator – groups , games
  30. 30. Krashen’s Natural Approach• Criticism – reliance on input not interaction
  31. 31. Language Teaching MethodsTotal Physical Response The Natural Approach “Silent” “ i + I” “conversation”The Audiolingual Method Community Language Learning
  32. 32. The Audiolingual Method• Reinforcement, Set phrases, repetition
  33. 33. The Audiolingual Method• Lost popularity – LA not through rote and error avoidance.
  34. 34. Language Teaching MethodsTotal Physical Response The Natural Approach “Silent” “ i + I” “conversation”The Audiolingual Method Community Language Learning
  35. 35. Community Language Learning• Fundamental affective and interpersonal nature of learning.
  36. 36. Community Language Learning• CLL – Rogers – student teacher joint facilitation.
  37. 37. Community Language Learning• CLL – Rogers – student teacher joint facilitation.
  38. 38. Community Language Learning• CLL – joint facilitation – develop trust in L1.
  39. 39. Community Language Learning• CLL – joint facilitation – group work – using tapes
  40. 40. Community Language Learning• CLL – joint facilitation – dependence to independence
  41. 41. Community Language Learning• CLL – Criticisms – too non-directive
  42. 42. Community Language Learning• CLL – Criticisms – heavily reliant on language translation
  43. 43. Community Language Learning• CLL – Positives:• Lower anxiety, supportive groups, own pace, develop autonomy
  44. 44. Vygotsky – Sociocultural Learning• ZPD – zone of proximal development• “what a learner could learn with appropriate stimuli”• “social interaction the foundation of cognitive development”

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