Virtual communities
   and co-creation of knowledge


                               Florence Devouard
                   ...
Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
Wikipedia
        radical idea

Imagine a world…

 n which every
   single person
is given access to
   the sum of human
 ...
Classroom in an agricultural community near Livingstone (Zambia), 2007




     Parents do not speak English.
But professo...
“Everyone loses if one language is
                                                            lost because then a nation
...
Wikipedia, the basics

1) 10,000,000+ articles in 250+ languages
2) Free as in free beer
3) Free to read, to study, to mod...
© IBM

        Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
© IBM
        Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
Global top 10 website
 (Alexa, ComScore, Nielsen)                          Latin America -- 34% reach
                    ...
Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
Author
  Evolutions, revolutions                                            Reader


                                     ...
Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
Global trends
• Open doors attract members of the global
  talent pool
• Creation (or re-creation of tribes)
• Open system...
Keep it simple, but focused

+++ Fun

+++ Communion (ideology, values),

++          Anticipated Reciprocity

++          ...
Governance in a peer-network: case of Wikipedia

                                                                         ...
Wish list / Concerns

Governance and regulation on Internet: the Wild West

Need for a global scale economic assessment of...
Developing sustainable models where
Access to knowledge and education                       Emergence of new creators
to a...
“The mass is not always right, especially when that
  mass is like a conformist herd of sheep that
  questions nothing. Th...
Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge   Florence Devouard
•    http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Dew_on_spider_web_Luc_Viatour.jpg (cc-by-sa
     /GFDL)
•    http://commons.w...
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Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge

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Presentation given in september 2008 at the World Knowledge Dialogue (Switzerland) by Florence Devouard

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Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge

  1. 1. Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard fdevouard@anthere.org Under otherwise mentionned, all images under cc-by-sa/GFDL, from Wikimedia Commons Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  2. 2. Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  3. 3. Wikipedia radical idea Imagine a world… n which every single person is given access to the sum of human knowledge My daughter, unknown artist, before I bought her a real computer Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  4. 4. Classroom in an agricultural community near Livingstone (Zambia), 2007 Parents do not speak English. But professor teaches English to the kids Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  5. 5. “Everyone loses if one language is lost because then a nation and culture lose their memory, and so does the complex Cher and his turaya tapestry from which the world Southern Algeria, 2006 is woven and which makes the world an exciting place.” Vigdis Finnbogadottir UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Languages Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  6. 6. Wikipedia, the basics 1) 10,000,000+ articles in 250+ languages 2) Free as in free beer 3) Free to read, to study, to modify and redistribute 4) Created by thousands of volunteers 5) Runs on a wiki Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  7. 7. © IBM Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  8. 8. © IBM Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  9. 9. Global top 10 website (Alexa, ComScore, Nielsen) Latin America -- 34% reach North America -- 31% reach Middle East/Africa -- 25% reach Asia Pacific -- 17% reach Europe – 32% reach Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  10. 10. Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  11. 11. Author Evolutions, revolutions Reader Printing Writing Electronic media Internet Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  12. 12. Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  13. 13. Global trends • Open doors attract members of the global talent pool • Creation (or re-creation of tribes) • Open systems make bounderies porous to external ideas • Openness allows to share successes with others • Community united by goals, rules and values • An economy based on hope and trust Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  14. 14. Keep it simple, but focused +++ Fun +++ Communion (ideology, values), ++ Anticipated Reciprocity ++ Feeling of worthiness + Increased Recognition Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  15. 15. Governance in a peer-network: case of Wikipedia Republic Technocracy Democracy Precedent Monarchy Meritocracy Anarchy 2003 2005 2007 2001 Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  16. 16. Wish list / Concerns Governance and regulation on Internet: the Wild West Need for a global scale economic assessment of open source Reworking the IP laws, inadapted to XXI century Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  17. 17. Developing sustainable models where Access to knowledge and education Emergence of new creators to all is made possible is facilitated Creators can make a living Dissemination and remix of works is facilitated Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  18. 18. “The mass is not always right, especially when that mass is like a conformist herd of sheep that questions nothing. That is why initiatives toward collective intelligence aim to capitalize on the whole diversity of knowledge, skills and ideas within a group and to organize that diversity in a creative and productive dialog». Pierre Lévy Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  19. 19. Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard
  20. 20. • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Dew_on_spider_web_Luc_Viatour.jpg (cc-by-sa /GFDL) • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Endive_p1160063.jpg (cc-by-sa 2.0 /GFDL) • http://www.xkcd.com/256/ • http://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Image:Merton_College_library_hall.jpg (cc-by-sa 2.0 /GFDL) Virtual communities and co-creation of knowledge Florence Devouard

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