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Nations Report 2

Nations Report 2

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Chile nationsreport Chile nationsreport Presentation Transcript

  • Chile
    Michael Crawford
    History 141
  • Chile Geography
    Chile is located on the west coast of South America.
    Chile is one of the most uniquely shaped territories.
    Chile is also surrounded by the Andes Mountain chain the stretches on east border.
  • Chile Geography
    Chile is extremely diverse geographically.
    Chile is host to atleast seven major climate subtypes.
    Desert in the North
    Alpine Tundra's & Glaciers in the South East
    Humid Subtropical on Easter Island
    Mediterranean in Central Chile
  • Chilean History
    10,000 years ago migrating Native Americans settled in present day Chile for its fertile valleys and coastal areas
    Being surrounded by virtually 3 impassable barriers it remained unknown until the 15th century
    Incas extended their empire into northern Chile during their conquest though most of the continent.
    Incas were stopped by the Mapuche despite their un-organization
    In 1541 Pedro de Valdivia and his Spanish army marched into Mapuche domain and successfully obtained strongholds.
  • Chilean History
    For the next 400 years the Spanish opened trade directly with Peru.
    Chile gained independence from Spain in 1817 after seven years of warfare.
    Remaining Mapuches to the south which remained independent from Spain and also resisted the new Chilean Government
    Due to modern Artillery Mapuche held their ground until the middle of the century when they became out numbered.
  • Chilean People
    In a 2002 census 70% of Chileans said they were Roman Catholic
  • Chile Demographics
    Approximately 15,000,000
    Population is decreasing since 1990 bcause of the declining birth rate.
    85% of population lives in urban areas.
  • Chilean Culture
    Chileans call their country  país de poetaswhich means Country of Poets.
    Gabriela Mistral was first Chilean to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.
    Her poems are about nature, betrayal, love and sorrow.
  • Chilean Culture
    Most famous poet from Chile was Pablo Neruda who also won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.
    Pablo Neruda is considered one of the most influential poets of the 20th century.
    His style of writing ranged from erotically charged love poems , surrealist poems, historic epics and overtly political manifestos.
  • Sources
    http://www.geographia.com/chile/chilehistory.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chile