Grammatica unit 1 klas 2

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Grammatica unit 1 klas 2

  1. 1. Grammatica Unit 1 HD 1.1 t/m 1.8
  2. 2. 1.1 Present Simple <ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hele werkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hele werkwoord + S bij he/she/it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? Signaalwoorden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Altijd Always, every … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nooit Never </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regelmatig Usually </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Vraagzinnen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do / does + hele werkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does he go to school every day? </li></ul><ul><li>Ontkennende zinnen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t / doesn’t + hele werkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He doesn’t go to school every day. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Let op uitzonderingen bij he/she/it soms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go  go es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do  do es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cry  cr ies y  ie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try  tr ies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catch  catch es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miss  miss es </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Examples! <ul><li>1. I … ( wake up ) every morning at 6 o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Then I … ( take ) a shower. </li></ul><ul><li>3. At 6.30 I … ( have ) breakfast. </li></ul><ul><li>4. But I …. ( not brush ) my teeth! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples! <ul><li>1. I wake up every morning at 6 o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Then I take a shower. </li></ul><ul><li>3. At 6.30 I have breakfast. </li></ul><ul><li>4. But I don’t brush my teeth! </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1.2 Present Conti NU ous <ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vorm van “to be” (am / is / are) + hele werkwoord + -ING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tegenwoordige tijd; iets is aan de gang of bezig . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Waaraan herken je het? (signaalwoorden) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(right) now, at the moment, at present </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I am jumping right now </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Als een werkwoord op een -e eindigt, dan vervalt de -e als ING wordt toegevoegd. </li></ul><ul><li>Have --> having NOT hav e ing!! </li></ul><ul><li>Make --> making </li></ul><ul><li>Drive --> driving </li></ul><ul><li>Geen do/does/don’t/doesn’t in vraagzinnen/ontkenningen! </li></ul><ul><li>- I don’t am staying with them  I am not staying with them </li></ul>Let op:
  9. 9. Examples! <ul><li>1. I’m scared. Someone … ( tap ) on the window. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It might be someone who … ( try ) to scare us. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I can’t take it any longer, I … ( leave ) right now! </li></ul><ul><li>4. Please don’t go. Maybe it is someone who … ( play ) at hide-and-seek. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Examples! <ul><li>1. I’m scared. Someone is tapping on the window. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It might be someone who is trying to scare us. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I can’t take it any longer, I am leaving right now! </li></ul><ul><li>4. Please don’t go. Maybe it is someone who is playing at hide-and-seek. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1.3 Present Simple <-> Present Continuous <ul><li>SIMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hele werkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hele werkwoord + S (he/she/it) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>feit/gewoonte (altijd, nooit, regelmatig) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Signaalwoorden </li></ul><ul><li>always, usually, often, never, every day/week etc. </li></ul><ul><li>CONTINUOUS </li></ul><ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ to be” + hele werkwoord + ING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nu bezig, aan de gang </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Signaalwoorden </li></ul><ul><li>- (right) now, at the moment, at present, look, listen </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples! <ul><li>Present Simple </li></ul><ul><li>I eat an apple every day </li></ul><ul><li>I always wear a golden ring </li></ul><ul><li>I usually read at home </li></ul><ul><li>Feit/gewoonte </li></ul><ul><li>Present Continuous </li></ul><ul><li>I am eating an apple right now </li></ul><ul><li>I am wearing a golden ring today </li></ul><ul><li>I am reading now </li></ul><ul><li>now </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples! <ul><li>1. I always … ( see ) young girls with a lot of jewels, I don’t like that. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Listen! The boys … ( talk ) about me again! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Every day I wear a skirt, but today I … ( wear ) jeans. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Miss Jones … ( look ) like a popstar with her beautiful dress. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I … (ask) you to come to the party because I think you’d really enjoy it. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examples! <ul><li>1. I always see young girls with a lot of jewels, I don’t like that. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Listen! The boys are talking about me again! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Every day I wear a skirt, but today I am wearing jeans. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Miss Jones looks like a popstar with her beautiful dress. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I am asking you to come to the party because I think you’d really enjoy it. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1.4 Past Simple <ul><li>Als we over de verleden tijd spreken, gebruiken we de Past Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><li>Werkwoord + ed </li></ul><ul><li>Kill  kill ed </li></ul><ul><li>Live  liv ed geen liv ee d (niet + ed) </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Vragende vorm: </li></ul><ul><li>Did + hele werkwoord </li></ul><ul><li>Did I kick the ball in the goal? </li></ul><ul><li>Ontkennend: </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t + hele werkwoord </li></ul><ul><li>He didn’t like hockey. </li></ul><ul><li>Maar… </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1.5 Past Simple <ul><li>Onregelmatige werkwoorden:  Leer dus niet alleen HD 1.5 maar ook de onregelmatige werkwoorden op blz. 110,111,112 (lesson 1 + 2 + 3) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Examples! <ul><li>1. The cat ... up the stairs quietly. ( to creep ) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Keith’s football coach ... him ... last night. ( to ring up ) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ian ... the door behind him. ( to close ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sarah ... to give her mother a present for her birthday. ( to want ) </li></ul><ul><li>5. We ... very badly last night because of the storm. ( to sleep ) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Examples! <ul><li>1. The cat crept up the stairs quietly. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Keith’s football coach rang him up last night. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ian closed the door behind him. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sarah wanted to give her mother a present for her birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>5. We slept very badly last night because of the storm. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1.6 must/must not/must never <ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>must + hele werkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must: Noodzakelijk / kan niet anders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must not: mag niet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must never: mag nooit </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Examples! <ul><li>1. It’s my birthday and I’m throwing a party. You ... come! </li></ul><ul><li>2. You ... disturb Mr Simmons when he’s working. He doesn’t like that. </li></ul><ul><li>3. You ... use the front door if the back door is locked. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tim, you ... say those words to your aunt. It’s not very polite. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Examples! <ul><li>1. It’s my birthday and I’m throwing a party. You must come! </li></ul><ul><li>2. You must never disturb Mr Simmons when he’s working. He doesn’t like that. </li></ul><ul><li>3. You must use the front door if the back door is locked. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tim, you must not say those words to your aunt. It’s not very polite. </li></ul>
  23. 23. 1.7 Maybe / probably <ul><li>Vorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe: Begin van de zin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably: Voor het hoofdwerkwoord of aan het eind van de zin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wanneer gebruik je het? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe: misschien </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probably: waarschijnlijk </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Examples! <ul><li>1. I can’t find my pen anywhere! – ... it’s in your other bag. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Why is John so angry with me? – You ... did something he didn’t like. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Do you think we should go for a walk? – We should ... wait until those clouds are gone. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I don’t feel very well. – ... you have a cold. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Examples! <ul><li>1. I can’t find my pen anywhere! – Maybe it’s in your other bag. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Why is John so angry with me? – You perhaps did something he didn’t like. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Do you think we should go for a walk? – We should perhaps wait until those clouds are gone. </li></ul><ul><li>4. I don’t feel very well. – Maybe you have a cold. </li></ul>
  26. 26. 1.8 bijwoord <ul><li>Voorbeelden van bijwoorden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>usually – just – always – never – still - nearly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plaats: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voor het hoofdwerkwoord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I never go to the cinema on Wednesday </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Na een vorm van ‘to be’ (am/are/is) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He is always cross with me </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Examples! <ul><li>1. I go out on Saturday evenings. ( often ) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rashid finishes his homework on time. ( sometimes ) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Our family eats breakfast at eight o’clock. ( usually ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Watch out! You pushed me off my bike. ( nearly ) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Examples! <ul><li>1. I often go out on Saturday evenings. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rashid sometimes finishes his homework on time. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Our family usually eats breakfast at eight o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Watch out! You nearly pushed me off my bike. </li></ul>

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