Cambridge grammar unit 1 + 2

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  • 1. Unit 1 and 2
  • 2. Rule:We use the present simple for things which happen regularly or which are always true.With I, you, we and they we use the base form of the verb. With he, she and it we add –s Vorm:  Hele werkwoord  Hele werkwoord + S bij he/she/it Wanneer gebruik je het? Signaalwoorden  Altijd Always, every...  Nooit Never  Regelmatig Usually
  • 3.  Negative and questions:  He/she/it --> does of doesn’t  ‘rest’ --> do of don’t (I, you, we, you, they) Vorm:Do / don’t / does / doesn’t + hele werkwoord He doesn’t go to school today We don’t read any books What do you think? What does he think? Short answers  Do you know how? -> Yes, I do  Does she go? -> Yes, she does.
  • 4.  Remember this for he/she/it:1. Verb ending in -s sound  s --> he misses  sh --> she washes  ch --> he reaches  x --> it mixes2. Remember: consonant + y --> the ending is ies  He tries3. Sometimes –es  Go --> goes  Do --> does
  • 5. 1.  This elevator / go / upstairs.2. ? you / think / that English is boring.3.  We / sleep late / every Sunday.4. ? your brother / work / in a greenhouse.5.  These buildings / look / big at all.
  • 6. 1. Miss Huckstepp ... (not think) it’s all my fault.2. Amy always ... (buy) a bag of sweets after school.3. ... Melissa ... (take) the bus every day?4. On Wednesdays, Lizzy and I ... (go) to the swimming pool together.5. I ... (not phone) my sister every day.6. My little brother ... (not eat) everything.7. Margaret usually … (drive) through the town centre.8. ... we ... (go) to Cambridge this holiday?
  • 7.  Rule: We often use the –ing form after the verbs of liking, for example like, love, enjoy, and hate. I hate cycling to school in the rain. Remember:1. If the verb ends in –e, we drop the –e before – ing.  Make --> making2. If a short verb ends in a vowel + consonant, we double the last letter before –ing  hit --> hitting
  • 8. I --> meYou --> youHe --> himShe --> herIt --> itWe --> usThey --> them For / to somebody
  • 9.  Voorbeelden van bijwoorden  really – just – always – never - still Plaats:  Voor het hoofdwerkwoord  I never go to the cinema on Wednesday  Na een vorm van ‘to be’ (am/are/is)  He is always cross with me
  • 10. 1. Really I love you.2. Just He went home without saying a word.3. Always Mandy and Bradley are surprised when they have homework.4. Still Justin is afraid of dogs. Twenty- seven years after one bit him!5. Never I go outside at night.