Cambridge grammar module 1 (unit 1,2,3,4)

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Cambridge grammar module 1 (unit 1,2,3,4)

  1. 1. Unit 1,2,3 and 4
  2. 2. Rule:We use the present simple for things which happen regularly or which are always true.With I, you, we and they we use the base form of the verb. With he, she and it we add –s Vorm: ◦ Hele werkwoord ◦ Hele werkwoord + S bij he/she/it Wanneer gebruik je het? Signaalwoorden ◦ Altijd Always, every... ◦ Nooit Never ◦ Regelmatig Usually
  3. 3.  Negative and questions: ◦ He/she/it --> does of doesn‟t ◦ „rest‟ --> do of don‟t (I, you, we, you, they)Vorm:Do / don‟t / does / doesn‟t + hele werkwoord He doesn‟t go to school today We don‟t read any books What do you think? What does he think? Short answers ◦ Do you know how? -> Yes, I do ◦ Does she go? -> Yes, she does.
  4. 4.  Remember this for he/she/it:1. Verb ending in -s sound ◦ s --> he misses ◦ sh --> she washes ◦ ch --> he reaches ◦ x --> it mixes2. Remember: consonant + y --> the ending is ies ◦ He tries ◦ He studies3. Sometimes –es ◦ Go --> goes ◦ Do --> does
  5. 5. Rule:We use the present continuous to talk about things that are happening at or around the time of speaking.We form the present continuous with the present tense of be + verb + ing. Vorm: ◦ vorm van “to be” (am / is / are) + hele werkwoord + -ING Wanneer gebruik je het? ◦ Tegenwoordige tijd; iets is aan de gang of bezig. Waaraan herken je het? (signaalwoorden) ◦ (right) now, at the moment, at present, look, listen, currently. I am jumping right now
  6. 6.  Vraagzinnen: ◦ Am/are/is + onderwerp + werkwoord + ING Is he walking to school now? Ontkennende zinnen: ◦ Am not / aren‟t / isn‟t+ werkwoord + INGHe isn‟t walking to school now, he is walking to the bus stop.
  7. 7. Als een werkwoord op een -e eindigt, dan vervalt de -e als ING wordt toegevoegd. Have --> having NOT haveing!! Make --> making Drive --> driving Sommige werkwoorden komen zelden voor in de vorm van een present continuous: Believe – know – understand – remember – want – need – mean – like – hate.
  8. 8. SIMPLE CONTINUOUS Vorm: Vorm: ◦ hele werkwoord – “to be” + hele ◦ hele werkwoord + S werkwoord + ING (he/she/it) Wanneer gebruik je het? feit/gewoonte (altijd, nooit, Wanneer gebruik je het? regelmatig) – nu bezig, aan de gang Signaalwoorden Signaalwoordenalways, usually, often, - (right) now, at the never, every day/week moment, at present, etc. look, listen
  9. 9.  Present Simple Present Continuous She jumps every day  She is jumping right now ◦ Feit/gewoonte ◦ now
  10. 10. 1. I always … (see) young girls with a lot of jewels, I don‟t like that.2. Listen! The boys … (talk) about me again!3. Every day I wear a skirt, but today I … (wear) jeans.4. Miss Jones … (look) like a popstar with her beautiful dress.5. I … (think) about Winnie all day. I can‟t think of anything else!
  11. 11. 1. I always see young girls with a lot of jewels, I don‟t like that.2. Listen! The boys are talking about me again!3. Every day I wear a skirt, but today I am wearing jeans.4. Miss Jones looks like a popstar with her beautiful dress.5. I am thinking about Winnie all day. I can‟t think of anything else!
  12. 12.  Rule: We often use the –ing form after the verbs of liking, for example like, love, enjoy, and hate. I hate cycling to school in the rain.  Remember:1. If the verb ends in –e, we drop the –e before – ing. ◦ Make --> making2. If a short verb ends in a vowel + consonant, we double the last letter before –ing ◦ hit --> hitting
  13. 13. I --> meYou --> youHe --> himShe --> herIt --> itWe --> usThey --> them For / to somebody
  14. 14. 1. This is my Brother. … name is Leo.2. This is Jenny and her brother Peter. … hotel is near our hotel.3. We lost … street map. Now we‟re lost!4. Mike and Lucy are from Holland. … live in Rotterdam.
  15. 15. 1. This is my Brother. His name is Leo.2. This is Jenny and her brother Peter. Their hotel is near our hotel.3. We lost our street map. Now we‟re lost!4. Mike and Lucy are from Holland. They live in Rotterdam.
  16. 16. Rule:Adverbs of frequency come after the verb be, but before other verbs. Voorbeelden van bijwoorden ◦ really – just – always – never - still
  17. 17.  Regel: PvT ◦ Plaats voor Tijd ________P_______ I have an appointment at the doctor‟s at 7.15 ____T____ Some examples: ◦ Voor het hoofdwerkwoord:  I never go to the cinema on Wednesday ◦ Na een vorm van „to be‟ (am/are/is):  He is always cross with me
  18. 18. Always 1. I go to bed at 11 o‟clock.Usually 2. He is angry with me.Normally 3. We sleep late on Sundays.Really 4. My sister loves chocolateOnly 5. I am free on Fridays6. I have an appointment … (at the doctor‟s at 9 o‟clock / at 9 o‟clock at the doctor‟s)7. I go … (at 22.00 to bed / to bed at 22.00)8. You work … (at the supermarket every evening / every evening at the supermarket)
  19. 19. Always 1. I always go to bed at 11 o‟clock.Usually 2. He is usually angry with me.Normally 3. We normally sleep late on Sundays.Really 4. My sister really loves chocolateOnly 5. I am only free on Fridays6. I have an appointment at the doctor‟s at 9 o‟clock.7. I go to bed at 22.00.8. You work at the supermarket every evening.
  20. 20.  Rule In English, we can count nouns: 1 apple, 2 bananas, 3 carrots, etc. We call these words countable nouns. There are some words we can‟t count, for example: food and fruit. These words have no plural. We call them uncountable nouns.
  21. 21.  Rule: We use a/an with singular countable nouns. ◦ A banana ◦ An apple We use some with plural countable nouns ◦ Some grapes We use some with singular uncountable nouns. ◦ Some fruit
  22. 22.  Rule: We can use much and many in negative sentences and questions. We use many with plural countable nouns and much with uncountable nouns Betekenis: VEEL Much: uncountable much water Many: countable many postcards Many kisses, much love
  23. 23. 1. It is stupid to think you have got _____ time when you‟re in a hurry.2. I only have got _____ secrets from my mother. We are very close.3. I always forget to take _____ vitamin each day.4. This paper boy delivers _____ newspapers. He works a lot!5. Every day I eat a bowl with _____ apple and a bit of yoghurt.
  24. 24. 1. It is stupid to think you have got much time when you‟re in a hurry.2. I only have got some secrets from my mother. We are very close.3. I always forget to take a vitamin each day.4. This paper boy delivers many newspapers. He works a lot!5. Every day I eat a bowl with an apple and a bit of yoghurt.

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