MENUConstructivismJean PiagetClassroom implicationsIn my classroom The End
CONSTRUCTIVISM• Is based on a type of learning in which the learner forms, or constructs, much of what he or she learns or comprehends.• Constructivists agree that students learn by doing.• When students actively participate in the learning process by using critical-thinking skills to analyze a problem, they will create, or construct, their own understanding of a topic or problem.
CONSTRUCTIVISMTheorists• Jean Piaget developed the cognitive theory .• Jerome Bruner believes that constructivist learners are participatory learners.• Lev Vygotsky develop social cognition.• John Dewey believed that learning should engage and expand the experiences of the learners.
JEAN PIAGET• Born 1896-1980• Influenced the constructivist movement.• Developed the cognitive learning theory after observing children for many years.• Felt children were active learners and did not need motivation from adults to learn.• Believed that children were constructing new knowledge through different cognitive stages .
JEAN PIAGETDefined four cognitive stages• First stage sensorimotor learning takes place primarily through the child ‘s senses and motor actions.• Second stage preoperational when children begin to use symbols and images. Children use language symbols and play pretend games.• Third stage concrete operational children begin to think logically. Children are beginning to learn many facts.• Fourth stage formal operational children transition from concrete thinking to more abstract. Children can formulate hypothesis and understand cause and effect.
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONSWays teachers and use Constructivism with technology are :• Web Quests• Scavenger and treasure hunts• Curriculum resource pagesTeachers can create student–centered activities that actively engagestudents in the learning process.
CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONSWays teachers can use constructivism without technology are:• Having the students work in groups to help one another memorize words in an assignment and randomly pick students to recite them.• Ask students to develop questions after a reading selection.• Creating crossword puzzles with definitions of words.• Associate problem solving questions with real life situations.
IN MY CLASSROOM• My teaching philosophy is both Essentialism and Progressivism.• I believe that students should learn about what happened in history and have a core curriculum.• As well as being curious and have real world experiences.• I believe the theory of constructivism works well in the classroom with and without technology.• Finding was to get students excited about learning is the key.
IN MY CLASSROOM• Education research and learning theories are important because they help educators to understand how students learn.• Integrating technology into teaching is a very powerful way to weave these learning theories throughout the curriculum• Technology is effective with group projects or when students work in teams (Vygotsky and Dewey).
THE ENDIntegrating Technology In A Connected World (Shelly, Gunter, & Gunter 2012)