An extreme long shot is
used to show a large
amount of landscape
around the character/s.
An extreme long shot
would generally be used
when the focus would
be to show the
distance or being alone.
This shot is taken out of the film I am
Legend. With such a big shot with only
Will Smith and his dog, it makes the
town look abandoned with Will all on
A long shot typically
shows the entire
object or person
and tends to place
it in some relation
to its surroundings.
This is generally
used in film and TV
This was a still shot taken from the film ‘Step Brothers’.
This is a great example of a long shot, and is used very
well. In the scene Brennan (on the left) has just arrived
at Dales (on the right) house. It expresses the feeling of
unknowing to each other, and awkwardness by the
distance. This could also double up as a Two Shot.
a medium shot is a camera shot from a
medium distance. The dividing line
between "long shot" and "medium shot"
is fuzzy, as is the line between "medium
shot" and "close-up".
This was also taken from the film
‘Step Brothers’. This shot is used to
show his expression and also his
A close up is
camera is in
and is normally
This is one of the
most known shot in
film, taken from
‘The Shining’ a
They’ve used a
close up in this
shows his expression
which in this case is
his painful Sysco
A Two shot is a type of shot in which the
frame consists a view of two people.
They do not have to be next to each
Using a two shot in this scene shows
a real spark between the man and
the women. As they are looking
into each others eyes
an over the shoulder shot is a
shot of someone or something
taken from the perspective from
over the shoulder of another
person. The back of the shoulder
and head of this person is used
to frame the image.
The medium close up is half way
between a mid shot and a close up. This
shot shows the face more clearly,
without getting uncomfortably close.
A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of
an object from above, with a
perspective as though the observer were
a bird, often used in the making of
blueprints, floor plans and maps.
Eye level refers to the height a viewer’s
eyes are positioned in relation to the
ground. There are various eye levels. For
example, lying down creates a very low
eye level, and standing on a mountain
creates a very high eye level for the
viewer. This means when using this shot it
can be used from different angles.
A low-angle shot, is a shot from a
camera positioned low on the vertical
axis, anywhere below the eye line,
A high angle shot is usually when the
camera is located above the eye line.
They are usually used in film as they
make the moment more dramatic
Also known as the Dutch angle; is
achieved by tilting the camera off to the
side so that the shot is composed with
vertical lines at an angle to the side of
This angle is when the camera is looking
up from the ground, literally from a
worms point of view. This could be used
(like in the picture) to capture the flowers
on the ground and the buildings
In the back. Also known
as a ground shot.
This is when the camera moves between the left
and the right side of the object. When done in a
still image this can be shown when there is focus
on the object, but blur in the back.
This is a cinematographic technique in which the
camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane
(or tilting plane). Tilting the camera results in a
motion similar to someone nodding their head "yes“.
This is when the cameraman follows
the object. For example this is used a
lot in chase scenes when they want to
follow the good/bad guy while he is
running. They normally use what is
called a dolly. This is a camera on a
track which follows round cleanly.
This is a technique
used to get a better
look of something. This
has been used a lot at
the start of films, when
they are on the object
and they keep
zooming out onto a
large landscape and
This shot would be used
more in film, as it is used
to show the two people
staring at each other by
showing the firsts view,
and then the second.
This is an editing technique which is
mostly used in films to show an action
happening in two different locations,
but at the same time. The camera
cuts away from one action to the
next. Though this is not always the
case. Both actions do not have to be
at the same time.
An eye line match is used in editing
to show what the person is looking
at. I got this example out of ‘Rear
Window’ where the shot cuts to the
view through the binoculars across
Tracking is used in both
film and TV, too show
movement of an object or
person. It can also be used
as a way to change the