Single camera techniques
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  • 1.  An extreme long shot is used to show a large amount of landscape around the character/s. An extreme long shot would generally be used when the focus would be to show the landscape, show distance or being alone.
  • 2.  This shot is taken out of the film I am Legend. With such a big shot with only Will Smith and his dog, it makes the town look abandoned with Will all on his own.
  • 3.  A long shot typically shows the entire object or person and tends to place it in some relation to its surroundings. This is generally used in film and TV
  • 4.  This was a still shot taken from the film ‘Step Brothers’. This is a great example of a long shot, and is used very well. In the scene Brennan (on the left) has just arrived at Dales (on the right) house. It expresses the feeling of unknowing to each other, and awkwardness by the distance. This could also double up as a Two Shot.
  • 5.  a medium shot is a camera shot from a medium distance. The dividing line between "long shot" and "medium shot" is fuzzy, as is the line between "medium shot" and "close-up".
  • 6.  This was also taken from the film ‘Step Brothers’. This shot is used to show his expression and also his body posture.
  • 7.  A close up is where the camera is in someone/things personal space, and is normally only including one object.
  • 8.  This is one of the most known shot in film, taken from ‘The Shining’ a classic thriller. They’ve used a close up in this shows his expression which in this case is his painful Sysco smile.
  • 9.  A Two shot is a type of shot in which the frame consists a view of two people. They do not have to be next to each other.
  • 10.  Using a two shot in this scene shows a real spark between the man and the women. As they are looking into each others eyes
  • 11.  an over the shoulder shot is a shot of someone or something taken from the perspective from over the shoulder of another person. The back of the shoulder and head of this person is used to frame the image.
  • 12.  The medium close up is half way between a mid shot and a close up. This shot shows the face more clearly, without getting uncomfortably close.
  • 13.  A bird's-eye view is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were a bird, often used in the making of blueprints, floor plans and maps.
  • 14.  Eye level refers to the height a viewer’s eyes are positioned in relation to the ground. There are various eye levels. For example, lying down creates a very low eye level, and standing on a mountain creates a very high eye level for the viewer. This means when using this shot it can be used from different angles.
  • 15.  A low-angle shot, is a shot from a camera positioned low on the vertical axis, anywhere below the eye line, looking up.
  • 16.  A high angle shot is usually when the camera is located above the eye line. They are usually used in film as they make the moment more dramatic
  • 17.  Also known as the Dutch angle; is achieved by tilting the camera off to the side so that the shot is composed with vertical lines at an angle to the side of the frame.
  • 18.  This angle is when the camera is looking up from the ground, literally from a worms point of view. This could be used (like in the picture) to capture the flowers on the ground and the buildings In the back. Also known as a ground shot.
  • 19. This is when the camera moves between the left and the right side of the object. When done in a still image this can be shown when there is focus on the object, but blur in the back.
  • 20. This is a cinematographic technique in which the camera is stationary and rotates in a vertical plane (or tilting plane). Tilting the camera results in a motion similar to someone nodding their head "yes“.
  • 21.  This is when the cameraman follows the object. For example this is used a lot in chase scenes when they want to follow the good/bad guy while he is running. They normally use what is called a dolly. This is a camera on a track which follows round cleanly.
  • 22.  This is a technique used to get a better look of something. This has been used a lot at the start of films, when they are on the object and they keep zooming out onto a large landscape and roll credits.
  • 23. This shot would be used more in film, as it is used to show the two people staring at each other by showing the firsts view, and then the second.
  • 24. This is an editing technique which is mostly used in films to show an action happening in two different locations, but at the same time. The camera cuts away from one action to the next. Though this is not always the case. Both actions do not have to be at the same time.
  • 25. An eye line match is used in editing to show what the person is looking at. I got this example out of ‘Rear Window’ where the shot cuts to the view through the binoculars across the street.
  • 26. Tracking is used in both film and TV, too show movement of an object or person. It can also be used as a way to change the view/scene without cutting.