Section II Art


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Section II Art

  1. 1. Section II Africa & Europe Annie Diep Arlie Sam, Mamta Rana, Nitika Malik
  2. 2. Early Explorers <ul><li>Portuguese were the 1 st to initiate long-lasting trade relation with the powerful kingdoms of West Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>sought to make contact with & eventually control markets & resources in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in finding source of gold that was traded across the Sahara desert. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Henry the Navigator <ul><li>Portuguese prince </li></ul><ul><li>Try to locate route that would take them past Cape Bojador </li></ul><ul><li>1434- explore south of Cape Bojador. From there, expedition move south along coast, arrive at kingdom of Benin in 1484 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Slave Trade <ul><li>1440s- Portuguese led 1 st slave-raiding expedition in present day Mauritania which European eventually call the “Slave Coast” </li></ul><ul><li>Slave trade escalate in 17 th century when sugar production increase in the Caribbean and Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>African slave- source of labor in Americas, British, Dutch, Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>African kingdom- power increase through trade relationship with Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Had devastating impact on West Africa- cause greater social inequality and increase conflict between ethnic groups </li></ul>
  5. 5. Scramble for Africa <ul><li>Period of intense & aggressive colonization of much of the continent by European powers </li></ul><ul><li>Result ended with a political shift leading to the direct rule of African colonies by European powers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lidded Saltcellar “Sapi-Portuguese” <ul><li>Produce by African Artist </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase by portuguese visitor </li></ul><ul><li>represent engagement between indigenous Africans & European explorers </li></ul><ul><li>Design to appeal to foreign visitor </li></ul><ul><li>Carved in ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Contain figure of a man and woman, Dog represent spiritual world. Snake represent as intermediaries between earth and the heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Had reminiscent of European cups cast in metal, which may have been used as models to sapi carvers by way of prints or drawing. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benin Kingdom <ul><li>Found in present-day Nigeria around 900 c.e </li></ul><ul><li>Portuguese arrived in 15 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded greatly through warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Produce many kinds of artwork – most prized are those made of cast metals, ivory, and coral. Many of these artworks were created for use in rituals and on alters. </li></ul><ul><li>British attack on Benin kingdom in 1897- confiscate many object and ownership of these objects remains highly contested to this day. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bronze Plaque <ul><li>Each figure size indicate its political importance </li></ul><ul><li>Copper alloy use to make plaque which was created as a result of trade </li></ul>
  9. 9. Asafo Flag <ul><li>Sa=war fo=people </li></ul><ul><li>Asafo- term refers to military association </li></ul><ul><li>By Kweku Kakanu </li></ul><ul><li>Usually created by men </li></ul><ul><li>Use on special occasion </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols on flag were sewn to background using appliqu é including a crocodile, a pond with fish, 4 bird, and the British Union Jack </li></ul><ul><li>Made of commercially produce cotton cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Crocodile represent power </li></ul><ul><li>Fish in pond represent water spirits </li></ul><ul><li>A form of communication between Asafo organizations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Adire Wrapper <ul><li>Tie-dyed cloth made of cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Produce by Yorubi women </li></ul><ul><li>Contain image of Queen Mary & King George V of England </li></ul><ul><li>Text below wrapper “Ise Kosehin oluwa” means “Everything is known to God” </li></ul><ul><li>Meant for display not to use as a wrapper </li></ul><ul><li>Used to express affliction with a group or leader </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mami Wata Face Mask <ul><li>Carved from one piece of wood and it is divided into two discrete sections </li></ul><ul><li>One illustrate traditional beauty in Guro culture the other is based on imported models </li></ul><ul><li>Scarification marks considered a sign of beauty and moral strength </li></ul><ul><li>Design to encapsulate an ideal type </li></ul><ul><li>Use for entertainment and Masquerade </li></ul>
  12. 12. El Anatsui <ul><li>Born in Anyako </li></ul><ul><li>Art education at College of Art of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumas </li></ul><ul><li>Son and brother of Ewe weaver but was not a weaver </li></ul><ul><li>1970- emerge as a major artist in Africa and earn recognition internationally </li></ul><ul><li>A sculpture professor at the University of Nigeria in Nsukka </li></ul><ul><li>His more recent work are wall installation made of discarded metal cans and bottle caps carefully flatten and woven together with copper wire </li></ul><ul><li>Made the fading cloth </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fading Cloth <ul><li>Over 10 ft high and 21 ft wide </li></ul><ul><li>Consist countless bottle tops that are flatten into rectangular shapes and fastened together using wire </li></ul><ul><li>Malleable and can be draped and folded in an infinite number of ways </li></ul>
  14. 14. Kente Cloth <ul><li>Woven by men </li></ul><ul><li>Prestigious cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Known for its bright colors and syncopated patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Limited to members of the royal court </li></ul>