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Unit 17 Grammar
Presentation
Pages 288-289
The Ways We Use
Infinitives
Infinitive as Subject
Infinitive (Subject) Verb Object
To procrastinate causes a lot of problems.
Not to go ahead proved a...
Infinitive as Object
Subject Verb Infinitive (Object)
Not everyone wants to procrastinate
He decided not to go ahead.
(The...
Infinitive as Subject Complement
Subject Verb Infinitive
(Subject
Complement)
His job is to motivate people.
Their real in...
It + Infinitive
It Be Adjective For/of noun or
pronoun
Infinitive
It is foolish for Alice
or
for her
to procrastinate.
It ...
Verbs Followed by Infinitives
Verb (Noun/Pr
onoun)
Infinitive
They
decided/hoped/negle
cted
0
to callconvinced/told/urged,...
Adjectives Followed by Infinitives
Adjective Infinitive
Hal is reluctant to complete his work on
time.
He’s careful not to...
Nouns Followed by Infinitives
Noun Infinitive
He can always
think of
reasons to put off studying.
It seems like the thing ...
Too/Enough with Infinitives
To +
Adjective/Adverb
Infinitive
The project is too complicated to finish on time.
Alice types...
Active and Passive Infinitives
Active Infinitives Passive Infinitives
simple
present
She plans to invite
them.
They expect...
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  1. 1. Unit 17 Grammar Presentation Pages 288-289
  2. 2. The Ways We Use Infinitives
  3. 3. Infinitive as Subject Infinitive (Subject) Verb Object To procrastinate causes a lot of problems. Not to go ahead proved a mistake. The infinitive as subject is formal and rarely used. People are more likely to use a gerund or other noun: Procrastinating or Procrastination causes a lot of problems. Not going ahead proved a mistake.
  4. 4. Infinitive as Object Subject Verb Infinitive (Object) Not everyone wants to procrastinate He decided not to go ahead. (These are verbs that take an infinitive object. Do not use a gerund instead.)
  5. 5. Infinitive as Subject Complement Subject Verb Infinitive (Subject Complement) His job is to motivate people. Their real intention is not to succeed. In most cases, a gerund is also correct in this kind of sentence: His job is motivating people. Their real intention is not succeeding.
  6. 6. It + Infinitive It Be Adjective For/of noun or pronoun Infinitive It is foolish for Alice or for her to procrastinate. It was wrong of Hal or of him not to go ahead. (to go ahead = to continue) In this kind of sentence, use the infinitive and not a gerund.
  7. 7. Verbs Followed by Infinitives Verb (Noun/Pr onoun) Infinitive They decided/hoped/negle cted 0 to callconvinced/told/urged, etc. Steve/him expected/needed/wa nted, etc. (Steve/hi m)
  8. 8. Adjectives Followed by Infinitives Adjective Infinitive Hal is reluctant to complete his work on time. He’s careful not to make mistakes. They’re happy to hear the test has been postponed.
  9. 9. Nouns Followed by Infinitives Noun Infinitive He can always think of reasons to put off studying. It seems like the thing to do. She always shows reluctance to finish a job.
  10. 10. Too/Enough with Infinitives To + Adjective/Adverb Infinitive The project is too complicated to finish on time. Alice types too slowly to meet the deadline. Adjective/Adverb + Enough Infinitive Steve is intelligent enough to understand the situation. He didn’t call quickly enough to get the job. Enough + Noun Infinitive They have enough intelligence to pass the test.intelligence enough
  11. 11. Active and Passive Infinitives Active Infinitives Passive Infinitives simple present She plans to invite them. They expect to be invited. simple past She was glad to have invited them. They were happy to have been invited.
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