Unit 8 grammar presentation

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Unit 8 grammar presentation

  1. 1. Unit 8 Grammar Presentation Page 122 Quantifiers = words that tell us how much or how many of something.
  2. 2. These quantifiers can be used only with count nouns: Quantifier Example One One store is open. Each Each coin is valuable. Every Every bank is closed. Note that each and every take the singular verb, even though Each coin is valuable = All (the) coins are valuable. Every bank is closed = All the banks are closed.
  3. 3. These quantifiers can be used only with count nouns: Quantifier Example Two Two stores are open. Both Both stores are nearby. Both (of the) stores are nearby. A couple of She bought a couple of gifts. Several She bought several gifts.
  4. 4. These quantifiers can be used only with count nouns: Quantifier Example Few They have few investments. A few She has a few investments. Many Does he own many buildings? A great many He owns a great many buildings. A number of He owns a number of buildings.
  5. 5. Note: Few and a few are different in meaning! Few emphasizes not very many. A few has a positive meaning, emphasizing some.
  6. 6. For example: Few people like to go to the dentist= Not very many people like to go to the dentist. I have a few minutes before class, so I can help you.
  7. 7. Note: Many is used in questions and negative statements: How many children do you have? I don’t know many people in my neighborhood.
  8. 8. For an affirmative statement, we use a lot of and not many: She has a lot of new clothes. **She has many new clothes.
  9. 9. These quantifiers can be used only with non-count nouns: Quantifier Example Little They have little money. A little She has a little money. Much Does he have much property? A great deal of He owns a great deal of property.
  10. 10. Note: Little and a little are different in meaning! Little emphasizes not very much. A little has a positive meaning, emphasizing some.
  11. 11. For example: They have little money = They don’t have very much money. She has a little money = She has some money (so she can buy some new clothes).
  12. 12. Note: Much is used in questions and negative statements: Does he have much property? I’m both working and going to school, so I don’t have much free time.
  13. 13. For an affirmative statement, we use a lot of and not much:
  14. 14. Line dancing is a lot of fun. **Line dancing is much fun.
  15. 15. These quantifiers can be used with both non-count and plural count nouns: Quantifier With a plural count noun With a non-count noun no They have no bonds. They have no insurance. any They don’t have any bonds. They don’t have any insurance. some They have some stocks. They have some cash. enough They don’t have enough stocks. You have enough cash.
  16. 16. These quantifiers can be used with both non-count and plural count nouns: Quantifier With a plural count noun With a non-count noun no They have no bananas. They have no fruit. any They don’t have any bananas. They don’t have any fruit. some They have some apples. They have some fruit salad. enough They don’t have enough apples. Do you have enough sugar?
  17. 17. These quantifiers can be used with both non-count and plural count nouns: Quantifier With a plural count noun With a non-count noun A lot of/lots of He has a lot of clients = He has lots of clients. He has a lot of patience = He has lots of patience. Plenty of He has plenty of clients. He has plenty of patience. Most Most banks are safe. Most work is useful. All All banks are insured. All work is tiring.

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