Unit 12 Grammar
Presentation
Pages 199-200
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: PLACEMENT
MAIN CLAUSE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
Noun/Pron
oun
Relative
Pronoun
They met a woman who teaches
psyc...
AN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE EMBEDS (BURIES)
ONE SENTENCE INSIDE ANOTHER:
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
I met a woman who teaches ...
AN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE EMBEDS (BURIES)
ONE SENTENCE INSIDE ANOTHER:
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
I’ve read everything that ...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHO AND THAT
PEOPLE
I have a friend who loves to talk.
I have friends that love to talk.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHO AND THAT
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
I have a friend who loves to talk. =
I have a f...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHO AND THAT
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
I have friends who love to talk. =
I have frien...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHICH AND THAT
THINGS
This is a book which is useful
These are
books
that are useful.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHICH AND THAT
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
This is a book which is useful. =
This is a b...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS:
WHICH AND THAT
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
These are books which are useful. =
These are...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS:
WHOM, THAT, 0
PEOPLE
This is the
doctor
who(m)
that
0
we consulted.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS:
WHOM, THAT, 0
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
This is the doctor whom we consulted. =
This is...
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS:
WHICH, THAT, 0
THINGS
This is the
test
which
that
0
he gave us.
RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS:
WHICH, THAT, 0
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
This is the test which he gave us. =
This is t...
WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE
POSSESSION
PEOPLE
She is the woman whose son is so famous.
She is the woman whose son I am tutori...
WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE
POSSESSION
THINGS
It’s the book whose reviews were so good.
It’s the book whose reviews I have ju...
WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE
POSSESSION
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
This is the woman whose son is famous.
Main
Sentence
Th...
WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE
CLAUSES
WHERE
Place
Remember the
café
where we met.
WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE
CLAUSES
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
Remember the café where we met.
Main
Sentence
Remember ...
WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE
CLAUSES
WHEN
Time
I remember
the day
(when)
(that)
0
we parted.
WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE
CLAUSES
Sentence
with
Adjective
Clause
I remember the day when we parted. =
I remember the day...
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: IDENTIFYING OR
NON-IDENTIFYING
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES THAT IDENTIFY
The woman who/that created the test
stud...
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: IDENTIFYING OR
NON-IDENTIFYING
ADJECTIVE CLAUSES THAT DO NOT IDENTIFY
Myers, who created the test, was ...
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Unit 12 grammar presentation

  1. 1. Unit 12 Grammar Presentation Pages 199-200
  2. 2. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: PLACEMENT MAIN CLAUSE ADJECTIVE CLAUSE Noun/Pron oun Relative Pronoun They met a woman who teaches psychology. I’ve read everything that discusses her work.
  3. 3. AN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE EMBEDS (BURIES) ONE SENTENCE INSIDE ANOTHER: Sentence with Adjective Clause I met a woman who teaches psychology. Main Sentence I met a woman. Embedded Sentence The woman teaches psychology.
  4. 4. AN ADJECTIVE CLAUSE EMBEDS (BURIES) ONE SENTENCE INSIDE ANOTHER: Sentence with Adjective Clause I’ve read everything that discusses her work. Main Sentence I’ve read everything. Embedded Sentence Everything discusses her work.
  5. 5. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHO AND THAT PEOPLE I have a friend who loves to talk. I have friends that love to talk.
  6. 6. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHO AND THAT Sentence with Adjective Clause I have a friend who loves to talk. = I have a friend that loves to talk. Main Sentence I have a friend. Embedded Sentence The friend loves to talk.
  7. 7. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHO AND THAT Sentence with Adjective Clause I have friends who love to talk. = I have friends that love to talk. Main Sentence I have friends. Embedded Sentence The friends love to talk.
  8. 8. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHICH AND THAT THINGS This is a book which is useful These are books that are useful.
  9. 9. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHICH AND THAT Sentence with Adjective Clause This is a book which is useful. = This is a book that is useful. Main Sentence This is a book. Embedded Sentence The book is useful.
  10. 10. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS SUBJECTS: WHICH AND THAT Sentence with Adjective Clause These are books which are useful. = These are books that are useful. Main Sentence These are books. Embedded Sentence The books are useful.
  11. 11. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS: WHOM, THAT, 0 PEOPLE This is the doctor who(m) that 0 we consulted.
  12. 12. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS: WHOM, THAT, 0 Sentence with Adjective Clause This is the doctor whom we consulted. = This is the doctor who we consulted. = This is the doctor we consulted. Main Sentence This is the doctor. Embedded Sentence We consulted the doctor. Explanation You can omit the relative pronoun if it replaces the object of the embedded sentence.
  13. 13. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS: WHICH, THAT, 0 THINGS This is the test which that 0 he gave us.
  14. 14. RELATIVE PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS: WHICH, THAT, 0 Sentence with Adjective Clause This is the test which he gave us. = This is the test that he gave us. = This is the test he gave us. Main Sentence This is the test. Embedded Sentence He gave us the test. Explanation You can omit the relative pronoun if it replaces the object of the embedded sentence.
  15. 15. WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE POSSESSION PEOPLE She is the woman whose son is so famous. She is the woman whose son I am tutoring.
  16. 16. WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE POSSESSION THINGS It’s the book whose reviews were so good. It’s the book whose reviews I have just read.
  17. 17. WHOSE + NOUN TO INDICATE POSSESSION Sentence with Adjective Clause This is the woman whose son is famous. Main Sentence This is the woman. Embedded Sentence The woman’s son is famous. Explanation Use whose when there is a possessive in the embedded sentence.
  18. 18. WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES WHERE Place Remember the café where we met.
  19. 19. WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES Sentence with Adjective Clause Remember the café where we met. Main Sentence Remember the café. Embedded Sentence We met at the café. Explanation Use where as the relative pronoun when the embedded sentence contains a preposition of place.
  20. 20. WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES WHEN Time I remember the day (when) (that) 0 we parted.
  21. 21. WHERE AND WHEN IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES Sentence with Adjective Clause I remember the day when we parted. = I remember the day that we parted. = I remember the day we parted. Main Sentence I remember the day. Embedded Sentence We parted on that day. Explanation Use when for the relative pronoun when the embedded sentence contains a preposition of time
  22. 22. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: IDENTIFYING OR NON-IDENTIFYING ADJECTIVE CLAUSES THAT IDENTIFY The woman who/that created the test studied psychology. The test which/that/0 she created describes personality types.
  23. 23. ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: IDENTIFYING OR NON-IDENTIFYING ADJECTIVE CLAUSES THAT DO NOT IDENTIFY Myers, who created the test, was a Jungian psychologist. The Myers-Briggs test, which she and her daughter created, describes personality types.
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