Unit 11 grammar notes 7
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  • 1. Unit 11 Grammar Notes Section 7 on Page 180
  • 2. Certain modals often change in indirect speech. can  could may  might must  had to will  would
  • 3. 7. Explanation Example(s) can  could “Sam, can you call me at 6:00 p.m.?” Ann asked.  Ann asked Sam if he could call her at 6:00 p.m.
  • 4. 7. Explanation Example(s) may  might “May I smoke?” he asked.  He asked if he might smoke.
  • 5. 7. Explanation Example(s) must  had to “You must make up the test if you were absent,” the teacher said.  The teacher said that we had to make up the test if we were absent.
  • 6. 7. Explanation Example(s) will  would George said, “I will finish the report by Friday.”  George said that he would finish the report by Friday.
  • 7. However, could, might, ought to, should, and would do not change in indirect speech.
  • 8. 7. Explanation Example(s) could  could Kate asked the boss, “Could I talk to you for a minute?”  Kate asked the boss if she could talk to him for a minute.
  • 9. 7. Explanation Example(s) might  might I said “Helen, I might attend the conference.”  I told Helen that I might attend the conference.
  • 10. 7. Explanation Example(s) ought to  ought to “You ought to spend more time on the homework,” the teacher told me.  The teacher told me that I ought to spend more time on the homework.
  • 11. 7. Explanation Example(s) should  should “Sarah, you should be more careful,” Dad said.  Dad told Sarah (that) she should be more careful.
  • 12. 7. Explanation Example(s) would  would “Would you hold the door for me?” she asked.  She asked me if I would hold the door for her.