Unit 11 Grammar Notes
Section 7 on Page 180
Certain modals often
change in indirect speech.
can  could
may  might
must  had to
will  would
7.
Explanation Example(s)
can  could “Sam, can you call
me at 6:00 p.m.?”
Ann asked.

Ann asked Sam if
he could call her...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
may  might “May I smoke?”
he asked.

He asked if he
might smoke.
7.
Explanation Example(s)
must  had to “You must make up the
test if you were
absent,” the teacher
said.

The teacher sa...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
will  would George said, “I will
finish the report by
Friday.”

George said that he
would fini...
However, could, might,
ought to, should, and
would do not change in
indirect speech.
7.
Explanation Example(s)
could  could Kate asked the boss,
“Could I talk to you
for a minute?”

Kate asked the boss
if ...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
might  might I said “Helen, I might
attend the
conference.”

I told Helen that I
might attend ...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
ought to  ought
to
“You ought to spend
more time on the
homework,” the
teacher told me.

The t...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
should  should “Sarah, you should be
more careful,” Dad
said.

Dad told Sarah (that)
she shoul...
7.
Explanation Example(s)
would  would “Would you hold the
door for me?” she
asked.

She asked me if I would
hold the do...
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Unit 11 grammar notes 7

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Unit 11 grammar notes 7

  1. 1. Unit 11 Grammar Notes Section 7 on Page 180
  2. 2. Certain modals often change in indirect speech. can  could may  might must  had to will  would
  3. 3. 7. Explanation Example(s) can  could “Sam, can you call me at 6:00 p.m.?” Ann asked.  Ann asked Sam if he could call her at 6:00 p.m.
  4. 4. 7. Explanation Example(s) may  might “May I smoke?” he asked.  He asked if he might smoke.
  5. 5. 7. Explanation Example(s) must  had to “You must make up the test if you were absent,” the teacher said.  The teacher said that we had to make up the test if we were absent.
  6. 6. 7. Explanation Example(s) will  would George said, “I will finish the report by Friday.”  George said that he would finish the report by Friday.
  7. 7. However, could, might, ought to, should, and would do not change in indirect speech.
  8. 8. 7. Explanation Example(s) could  could Kate asked the boss, “Could I talk to you for a minute?”  Kate asked the boss if she could talk to him for a minute.
  9. 9. 7. Explanation Example(s) might  might I said “Helen, I might attend the conference.”  I told Helen that I might attend the conference.
  10. 10. 7. Explanation Example(s) ought to  ought to “You ought to spend more time on the homework,” the teacher told me.  The teacher told me that I ought to spend more time on the homework.
  11. 11. 7. Explanation Example(s) should  should “Sarah, you should be more careful,” Dad said.  Dad told Sarah (that) she should be more careful.
  12. 12. 7. Explanation Example(s) would  would “Would you hold the door for me?” she asked.  She asked me if I would hold the door for her.
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