• Like
The english subjunctive
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The english subjunctive

  • 732 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
732
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
39
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. THE ENGLISH (old SUBJUNCTIVE
  • 2. YOU HAVE LEARNED A LOT OF VERB TENSES SO FAR: SIMPLE PRESENT PRESENT PERFECT PAST CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT ETC. ETC. ETC.
  • 3. THE SUBJUNCTIVE IS ONE MORE!
  • 4. LANGUAGE CHANGES OVER TIME.
  • 5. 500 YEARS AGO, IN SHAKESPEARE’S TIME, AND THE TIME THE BIBLE WAS TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH, THERE WAS A LOT OF SUBJUNCTIVE
  • 6. FOR EXAMPLE, FROM THE BIBLE: BLESSED BE THE PEACEMAKERS. (= THE PEACEMAKERS SHOULD BE BLESSED.)
  • 7. FOR EXAMPLE, FROM SHAKESPEARE: WOULD THAT HE WERE HERE (= I WISH THAT HE WAS HERE)
  • 8. NOW, THE SUBJUNCTIVE IS SLOWLY DISAPPEARING FROM ENGLISH, BUT SOMETIMES WE STILL USE IT.
  • 9. PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE IS THE BASE FORM OF THE VERB:
  • 10. I BE, YOU BE, HE BE, SHE BE, THEY BE, YOU BE, WE BE I GO, YOU GO, HE GO, SHE GO, THEY GO, YOU GO, WE GO
  • 11. WE USE THE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE AFTER CERTAIN VERBS AND ADJECTIVES THAT “TAKE” THE SUBJUNCTIVE. THESE ARE WORDS THAT COMMUNICATE ADVICE, NECESSITY AND URGENCY:
  • 12. HIS TEACHER SUGGESTED THAT HE TAKE A GRAMMAR CLASS. MY HUSBAND’S BOSS DEMANDS THAT HE WORK ON SUNDAYS. IT IS URGENT THAT SHE SEE A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY.
  • 13. FOR MOST USES OF THE PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE, THERE ARE OTHER WAYS TO EXPRESS THE SAME IDEA: HIS TEACHER SUGGESTED THAT HE TAKE A GRAMMAR CLASS = HIS TEACHER SUGGESTED TAKING A GRAMMAR CLASS. MY HUSBAND’S BOSS REQUIRES THAT HE WORK ON SUNDAYS = MY HUSBAND’S BOSS REQUIRES HIM TO WORK ON SUNDAYS. IT IS URGENT THAT SHE SEE A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY = IT IS URGENT FOR HER TO SEE A DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY.
  • 14. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT THAT YOU BE POLITE TO YOUR UNCLE = IT IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR YOU TO BE POLITE TO YOUR UNCLE.
  • 15. PAST SUBJUNCTIVE LOOKS LIKE THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE FOR MOST VERBS: IF I HAD IF YOU KNEW IF HE DIDN’T WORK HARD
  • 16. PAST SUBJUNCTIVE OF THE VERB TO BE IS DIFFERENT: IF I WERE IF YOU WERE IF HE WEREN’T A HARD WORKER
  • 17. OUR MOST COMMON USE OF THE PAST SUBJUNCTIVE IS IN TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: I WOULD STAY HOME AND STUDY THIS WEEKEND IF I WERE YOU. IF HE WERE HERE, HE COULD HELP US.
  • 18. WE ALSO USE THE PAST CONDITIONAL AFTER THE VERB WISH: I WISH MY FAMILY WERE HERE. I WISH I HAD A CAR.
  • 19. NOTE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN WISH AND HOPE: I WISH I HAD A CAR (= THIS IS A DREAM, AND I DON’T THINK I CAN GET ONE.) I HOPE (THAT) I WILL GET A CAR = I HOPE TO GET A CAR (= I EXPECT THAT IT WILL BE POSSIBLE IN THE FUTURE.)
  • 20. COMPARE TENSES: SIMPLE PRESENT PRESENT TENSE SUBJUNCTIVE I go I go You go You go He/she/it goes He/she/it go We go They go We go They go
  • 21. COMPARE VERB TO BE: PRESENT TENSE I am You are He/she/it is PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE I be You be He/she/it be We are They are We be They be
  • 22. COMPARE TENSES: SIMPLE PAST TENSE I went You went He/she/it went PAST SUBJUNCTIVE I went You went He/she/it went We went They went We went They went
  • 23. COMPARE VERB TO BE: PAST TENSE I was You were He/she/it was PAST SUBJUNCTIVE I were You were He/she/it were We were They were We were They were