Power point grammar explanation pages 262 263
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  • 1. GrammarExplanation:Descriptive PhrasesPages 262-262
  • 2. Some adjective clauses can beshortened to descriptivephrases.We can shorten and adjectiveclause in which the relativepronoun is followed by the verbto be.
  • 3. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• People who are • People unhappy unhappy about about the the amount of amount of spam spam they they receive receive should should write write their their lawmakers. lawmakers.
  • 4. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Pierre • Pierre Omidyar, who is Omidyar, the the founder of founder of e- e-Bay, is one of Bay, is one of the richest men the richest men in the world. in the world.
  • 5. A descriptive phrase can beginwith a past participle.This happens if you drop therelative pronoun and verb “tobe” from an adjective clause inthe passive voice:
  • 6. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:•One half of •One half of all the e- all the e- mail that is mail sent sent today today is is spam. spam.
  • 7. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:•There are •There are about 78 about 78 million items that are million listed on e- items listed Bay. on e-Bay.
  • 8. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:•There are •There are about 78 about 78 million items that are million listed on e- items listed Bay. on e-Bay.
  • 9. A descriptive phrase can beginwith a present participle (-ingform).This happens if you drop therelative pronoun and verb “tobe” from an adjective clausethe present or past continuoustense:
  • 10. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• A man who is • A man living in living in Florida Florida retired retired at the at the age of 37 age of 37 after after making making millions millions in the in the spam spam business. business.
  • 11. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Shoppers who • Shoppers using are using e- e-Bay can locate a hard-to-find Bay can locate item. a hard-to-find item.
  • 12. A descriptive phrase can give adefinition or more informationabout the noun it follows.This kind of descriptive phraseis called an appositive.
  • 13. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Spam, which is • Spam, unwante unwanted e- d e-mail, is an annoying mail, is an problem. annoying problem.
  • 14. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• eBay, which is • eBay, an an auction auction Web Web site, is site, is very very popular. popular.
  • 15. A descriptive phrase can beginwith a preposition:
  • 16. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• A man who is • A man in in Florida Florida retired retired at the at the age of age of 37. 37.
  • 17. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Pierre, who is • Pierre, from from France, create France, create d e-Bay. d e-Bay.
  • 18. A descriptive phrase can beessential or nonessential:
  • 19. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• People who are • People unhappy unhappy about about the the amount of amount of spam spam they they receive receive should should write write their their lawmakers. lawmakers.
  • 20. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Pierre • Pierre Omidyar, who is Omidyar, the the founder of founder of e- e-Bay, is one of Bay, is one of the richest men the richest men in the world. in the world.
  • 21. However, an appositive isalways non-essential:
  • 22. Compare:Sentence with an adjective Same sentence with a clause: descriptive phrase:• Spam, which is • Spam, unwante unwanted e- d e-mail, is an annoying mail, is an problem. annoying problem.
  • 23. Exercise 25Pages 263-264
  • 24. 1. Google, a popular searchengine, is used by millions ofpeople.(You can leave out “which is.”
  • 25. 2. Bill Gates, one of the richestpeople in the world, gets spamasking him if he wants tobecome rich.(You can leave out “who is.”)
  • 26. 3. There are a lot of dishonestcompanies trying to take yourmoney.(You can leave out “which are.”)
  • 27. Exercise 26Page 264
  • 28. 1. Google, a popular searchengine, is very easy to use.
  • 29. 2. Have ever used Mapquest, aWeb site that gives maps anddirections?
  • 30. Exercises 27Pages 265-266In this exercise, you have choices about howto write the sentences!
  • 31. 1. Pierre Omidyar, who wasborn in France, wrote his firstcomputer program at age 14.ORPierre Omidyar, born inFrance, wrote his firstcomputer program at age 14.
  • 32. 2. BusinessWeek, which is a popularbusiness magazine, named MegWhitman among the 25 mostpowerful business managers.ORBusinessWeek, a popular businessmagazine, named Meg Whitmanamong the 25 most powerfulbusiness managers.