African American soldiers in the Northern army during the Civil War.
Newly freed slaves, 1862.
Newly freed slaves just after the Civil War.
Children in Alabama, 1898.
Children in Alabama in the 1890’s. This is the time when “Of the Coming of
John” takes place.
Professor and graduates at an African American teachers’ college in the 1890’s. In
the story, John attends a college like this.
Slavery ended with the Civil
War, in 1865. However, laws in
many places still kept African
This was called the “Jim Crow”
era. It lasted for about 100
Jim Crow laws in many states,
especially in the South, kept
black and white people
For example, black people sat upstairs and in the back in a movie theater.
Black people who broke the Jim Crow
laws were punished by lynching.
“Lynching” means that white people
could kill them outside the law, but the
white people who did this went free.
The next two pictures are of
In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the
Civil Rights Movement worked
to end Jim Crow.
In 1957, African American students tried to enter the white high school in Little
Soldiers guarded the school and did not let them go in.
In 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested because she did not give her seat
on the bus to a white man.
Black people refused to ride
the buses. The bus companies
lost money, so they had to
change their rules.