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African american history

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Transcript

  • 1. African American History
  • 2. African Americans were not immigrants to the United States. White people stole them from Africa, and brought them to America as slaves.
  • 3. In this old drawing, Africans are being taken to a ship to go to America.
  • 4. Old painting of African prisoners in a slave ship.
  • 5. The first African slaves arrived in Virginia in 1619.
  • 6. A woman for sale in a slave market.
  • 7. Newspaper ad for four slaves who ran away.
  • 8. Slave women working on a farm.
  • 9. A very early photograph of slaves in the 1800’s.
  • 10. Slave women and children working in a tobacco barn.
  • 11. Slaves on a farm just before the Civil War.
  • 12. African American soldiers in the Northern army during the Civil War.
  • 13. Newly freed slaves, 1862. Newly freed slaves just after the Civil War.
  • 14. Children in Alabama, 1898. • Children in Alabama in the 1890’s. This is the time when “Of the Coming of John” takes place.
  • 15. Professor and graduates at an African American teachers’ college in the 1890’s. In the story, John attends a college like this.
  • 16. Slavery ended with the Civil War, in 1865. However, laws in many places still kept African Americans down. This was called the “Jim Crow” era. It lasted for about 100 years.
  • 17. Jim Crow laws in many states, especially in the South, kept black and white people separate.
  • 18. . For example, black people sat upstairs and in the back in a movie theater.
  • 19. Black people who broke the Jim Crow laws were punished by lynching. “Lynching” means that white people could kill them outside the law, but the white people who did this went free. The next two pictures are of lynchings.
  • 20. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, the Civil Rights Movement worked to end Jim Crow.
  • 21. In 1957, African American students tried to enter the white high school in Little Rock Arkansas.
  • 22. Soldiers guarded the school and did not let them go in.
  • 23. • • IAmerican. In 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested because she did not give her seat on the bus to a white man.
  • 24. Black people refused to ride the buses. The bus companies lost money, so they had to change their rules.
  • 25. After that, there were many demonstrations.
  • 26. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy became leaders of the movement.
  • 27. This kind of demonstration was called a sit-in. These young men waited to be served in a white restaurant until the police came to arrest them.
  • 28. In 1963, 250,000 people marched on Washington to demand equal rights.
  • 29. Slowly, things have changed since that time.
  • 30. In 2008, Barack Obama became the first African American president of the United States.
  • 31. However, we have not solved all the problems yet. African Americans are still the poorest group in the United States.