3 kinds of clauses

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3 kinds of clauses

  1. 1. + THREE KINDS OF CLAUSES ADJECTIVE, ADVERB, AND NOUN CLAUSES
  2. 2. + ADJECTIVE CLAUSES = RELATIVE CLAUSES
  3. 3. + Examples of adjective clauses in “My Long Distance Life”: I was born in Berkeley, where I lived in a small house in the hills surrounded by firs and redwoods. One friend whose dad moved to New Hampshire sees him at Christmas and for one month during the summer.
  4. 4. + Some adjective clauses have a comma before them: I was born in Berkeley, where I lived in a small house in the hills surrounded by firs and redwoods. Some adjective clauses do not: One friend whose dad moved to New Hampshire sees him at Christmas and for one month during the summer. We will study this problem later in the semester.
  5. 5. + An adjective clause usually follows a noun. It modifies the noun that it follows. I was born in Berkeley, where I lived in a small house in the hills surrounded by firs and redwoods. One friend whose dad moved to New Hampshire sees him at Christmas and for one month during the summer. .
  6. 6. + Words used as relative pronouns to begin adjective clauses: that which who whose whom when where
  7. 7. + An adjective clause cannot change its position in the sentence: Correct: One friend whose dad moved to New Hampshire sees him at Christmas and for one month during the summer. Incorrect (and make no sense): **One friend sees him whose dad moved to New Hampshire at Christmas and for one month during the summer. **One friend sees him at Christmas and for one month during the summer whose dad moved to New Hampshire.
  8. 8. + ADVERB CLAUSES = SUBORDINATE CLAUSES
  9. 9. + Examples of adverb clauses in “My Long Distance Life”: When I was 12 and on my way to L.A. for Christmas, a lady refused to check her bag and shoved a flight attendant. I couldn't join them because I had to fly to L.A. As the school year came to a close, I began to shut down.
  10. 10. + An adverb clause = a subordinate clause (two words for the same thing) When I was 12 and on my way to L.A. for Christmas, a lady refused to check her bag and shoved a flight attendant. I couldn't join them because I had to fly to L.A. As the school year came to a close, I began to shut down.
  11. 11. + An adverb clause, or subordinate clause modifies the verb in the main clause: When I was 12 and on my way to L.A. for Christmas, a lady refused to check her bag and shoved a flight attendant. I couldn't join them because I had to fly to L.A. As the school year came to a close, I began to shut down.
  12. 12. + An adverb clause, or subordinate clause begins with a subordinator = subordinating conjunction = adverbial expression
  13. 13. + There are many of these! Here are just a few: before, after, because, if, as, when, while, as soon as, whenever …
  14. 14. + An adverb clause can be the first or second half of the sentence. Notice how the punctuation changes, however: The writer dreaded flying because several bad things had happened to him on the plane. Because several bad things had happened to him on the plane, the writer dreaded flying.
  15. 15. + NOUN CLAUSES
  16. 16. + Examples of noun clauses in “My Long Distance Life”: Everyone said I'd spend time with both parents, but I wanted to know where I would live. It wasn't that I didn't want to see my mom and stepdad.
  17. 17. + A noun clause can do all the same jobs in a sentence that a noun does.
  18. 18. + It can be the subject of a verb: Where he would live was the problem that worried him.
  19. 19. + It can be the object of a verb: Everyone said I'd spend time with both parents, but I wanted to know where I would live.
  20. 20. + It can be the object of a preposition: I worried about where I would live.
  21. 21. + It can be the complement of a linking verb: It wasn't that I didn't want to see my mom and stepdad.
  22. 22. + It can be the complement of an adjective: It is too bad that his mother moved to Los Angeles.

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