Workforce Policy Forum


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  • WFD has been a partner--sometimes a back seat partner to ED for some time. OECD 1980: Shotgun Weddings, Open Marriages, and Quickie Divorces: An Analysis of Education and Local Development in the United States I found that it began at the fed level w/ the Area Redevel. Act of 1961, which authorized $ for avc’s and then in the voc ed act of 1961, which did the same. Voc ed then was mainly secondary. And so was training. 2/3 of the training funds under the MDTA of 1962 went to the schools. It took longer to get ED into the CCs, but by the 80s it did because the tech associated with modernization required more than what HS’s could do. But notions of competitive economies are changing, and I’d like to talk about the implications of those changes for WFD.
  • Workforce Policy Forum

    1. 1. Workforce Policy Forum National Governors’ Association Stuart Rosenfeld Washington DC December 11, 2002
    2. 2. A cluster is…. …a geographic concentration of companies and institutions with systemic relationships to one another based on complementarities or similarities.
    3. 3. Advantages of Clustering to Firms <ul><li>Knowledge spillover and learning (innovation and imitation) </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to services, suppliers, resources (localization economies) </li></ul><ul><li>Access to specialized labor market (productivity) </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for joint actions (scale) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Advantages of Clustering to Students and workers <ul><li>Increased access to employment information and career ladders (Know who) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved content and quality of E&T (Know what) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased rates of and means for informal learning (Know how) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased aspirations (No limits) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Comments on Clusters <ul><li>Boundaries are determined by members and are not constraining </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters exist in diversified economies </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters are grown, not purchased </li></ul><ul><li>Clusters are ecosystems, not membership organizations </li></ul>
    6. 6. Examples of clusters <ul><li>Upholstered furniture in NE Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Nurseries in Portland, Oregon </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics in the Berkshires, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Jewelry in Providence, Rhode Island </li></ul><ul><li>Cutlery in Maniago, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Seafood processing in Nelson, New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Biotech in San Diego, California </li></ul><ul><li>Houseboats in Somerset, Kentucky </li></ul>
    7. 7. Links between WFD and Clusters <ul><li>Specialized work force single most important benefit to clusters because it’s least portable/importable </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled wf accelerates productivity improvements and modernization </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions are catalysts for learning and innovation </li></ul>
    8. 8. Actions for building the cluster’s Workforce from NGA Governors’ Guidebook <ul><li>Develop specialized labor force </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualize curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Form industry cluster skills centers </li></ul><ul><li>Build partnerships between education & clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Form regional skills alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Work with CBOs </li></ul>
    9. 9. Competitive-ness Modernization Recruitment Economic Goals Shared knowledge Demonstrate technology Assessments & screening Added Functions “ All aspects of industry” Generic mfg process Specific mfg process Context Cluster associations Equipment vendors Economic developers Major Links Soft skills Hard skills Corporate culture Emphasis Industry Technology Corporations Driver Cluster Centers 2000s Technology Centers 1980s, 90s Corporate Centers 1960s, 70s
    10. 10. Community/Technical colleges are linchpins <ul><li>Regional focus </li></ul><ul><li>Pipeline for new workers </li></ul><ul><li>Second chance for adults </li></ul><ul><li>Source of skill upgrading, technology diffusion, needs assessment, skill standards </li></ul><ul><li>Repository of expertise and information </li></ul><ul><li>Broker for networking and services </li></ul><ul><li>Convener for industry </li></ul>
    11. 11. CBO Intermediaries also play key roles in making connections and building career ladders <ul><li>Garment Industry Development Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Addams Resource Center </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin Regional Training Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>ACENet </li></ul>
    12. 12. Arguments for Cluster Skill Centers <ul><li>Aggregate demand </li></ul><ul><li>Gather and disseminate information </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrate and assemble expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as one-stop for industry </li></ul><ul><li>Focal point for innovation, curriculum development, needs assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to global best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Build links to industry </li></ul>
    13. 13. Functions of Cluster Skill Centers <ul><li>Teach specialized skills </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Engage business leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Equipped with latest technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor technology, skill changes/trends </li></ul><ul><li>Provide or broker related specialized services </li></ul><ul><li>Link students to career opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Support networking among firms </li></ul>
    14. 14. Workforce Dev. Cluster Specialization <ul><li>Some community colleges and WF programs have developed cluster expertise as a result of: - high customer demand - vision of what might be - opportunity </li></ul>
    15. 15. Programs that Target Wood or Furniture Program (finishing, restoration) MN Dakota County Tech Furniture Institute (production) IT Inst. for Furniture Furniture College (entrepreneur) IR Galway-Mayo IT Wood/furniture (design) MI Finlandia Program (sawmill operation) NC Haywood Forest/Wood Products Institute MA Mt. Wachusett Furniture Division(production) NC Catawba Valley Program (specialty) College
    16. 16. Alabama Technology Network ( Metals Gadsden State CC Textile and Apparel Central Alabama CC Electronics Sparks State Technical Telecommunications Jefferson Davis CC Forestry, Paper, Chemical Alabama Southern CC Environmental Tech. Northwest Shoals CC Cluster College
    17. 17. NSF “Cluster-based” ATE Centers Marine Tech. Monterey, CA Monterey Peninsula Natural resources Salem, OR Chemeketa CC Info technologies Bellevue, WA Bellevue CC Semiconductor Phoenix, AZ Maricopa CC Biotechnology San Francisco, CA San Francisco CC Agri-science Bettendorf, IA Kirkwood CC Advanced Mfg Dayton, OH Sinclair CC Cluster Location College
    18. 18. Hosiery Technology Center at Catawba Valley Community College ( <ul><li>Trains entry level workers and technicians </li></ul><ul><li>Trains management and customers </li></ul><ul><li>Brokers networks </li></ul><ul><li>Conducts quality testing </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates new equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Web site for jobs, Procurement and e-commerce Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Brokers research networks </li></ul>
    19. 19. The Northeast Oklahoma Manufacturers’ Council, Inc. <ul><li>Formed in 1993 as a 501-C3 by OK State U Tech Branch-Okmulgee with grant from RTS </li></ul><ul><li>Began with a few local core members </li></ul><ul><li>Grew to around 40 members and held steadily for several years </li></ul><ul><li>With growth in new economy has grown to over 80+ active members today </li></ul><ul><li>The NEOMC, Inc. was the first organized collaborative in Oklahoma, now there are over 25! </li></ul><ul><li>Established summer mfg institute for youth </li></ul><ul><li>Carries out joint training, marketing, e-commerce </li></ul>
    20. 20. Central Virginia: Advanced Metalworking Education <ul><li>Began by small group of SMEs in need of machinists—approached college but no interest </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated and hired director </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired equipment from vendors, offered short term training </li></ul><ul><li>Named by state as Regional Technology Center </li></ul><ul><li>Approached new college president and merged Center with college </li></ul><ul><li>Now offer credit and non-credit courses </li></ul>
    21. 21. The Equity Challenges <ul><li>Ensuring an inclusive social infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting low income communities </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodating workplace diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Building career ladders, creating opportunity </li></ul>
    22. 22. Regional Technology Strategies, Inc. 205 Lloyd St., Carrboro, NC 27510 [email_address] 919-933-6699