Identify reinforcers for the child to earn at home
Discuss baseline ratings & Match Game
Review plan & do a “walk-through” of procedure with child
Schedule Follow-up meeting for 1-2 weeks after CC begins
Communication styles for working with attention problems
Give clear directions: Stay clam. Use a nonverbal sign to tell students it’s time to be quiet. Too emotional “ Pleeeeeze! Be quiet!!!” “ If you don’t finish your work you will lose your recess.” A threat in an emotional way can provoke many ADHD students “ Do you want to lose your recess?” Give time, such as 5-10 seconds in between each direction. Too many directions at once. “ Okay class. It’s time to get back to work. Turn to page 5 of your book and you will find an experiment to do. All of the materials are on the back counter. Make sure you answer all questions. When you’re done you can start your math, but first turn in your completed work.” Be direct. “You have a direction to listen the first time.” Unanswerable question “ Why can’t you ever listen the first time?” “ Jason, please collect the papers." Implies a choice “ Jason, would you collect all of the papers?” Better Problem Statement
Effective and Ineffective Praise You should always keep your desk that clean!! Your desk is spotless!! Finally you remembered your homework. I like the way you remembered your homework today. I hope you can put your things away like this all the time. It’s so helpful when you have your things away on time. You ignored Sally’s teasing right now. I just hope you don’t get back at her when I leave. You made a super effort at ignoring Sally’s teasing. Why can’t your desk look like this all of the time? Your desk looks very organized.
Prudent and Imprudent Feedback I told you before recess to clean up your mess. I noticed that you want to go to recess anyway. You have to remember to clean up before recess. I gave you a direction to clean up. If you don’t start right away, you will start losing recess time. How many times do I have to tell you to stop talking? Other students can’t concentrate when you are so loud. You know the quiet rule. You’re going to have to learn how to follow it. Stop talking to Sammy or you will have to go to your seat. Brian, why aren’t you working? Brian, please go to work. Imprudent Prudent
Classroom Accommodations for Attentional Problems
For problems following instructions and directions :
Keep instructions brief (one or two parts), specific, and step-by-step.
For problems completing assignments and tasks :
Reduce length of assignment (break into smaller parts).
Allot extra time for work completion.
Give assignments one at a time, rather than all at once.
Set time limits or “challenges” for completion of tasks.
Program is working: Dad goes through h/w instructions, but she does it without Dad’s help.
Earning daily and weekly rewards
Dad says still distractible. Get a desk and put in her room.
Desk has greatly helped decrease distractions
Routine and rewards working, earning free time
Using incidental teaching (not giving the answers)
For am, using alarm clock and stars
Parents did not think much could change, but small modification made a big difference. She is happy on playground, increased confidence, doing better with social entry, less snippy with peers, and has playdates for first time.
Mean scores for Child Life Skills and Assessment Only groups at baseline and post-treatment, Parent Report
Mean scores for Child Life Skills and Assessment-Only groups at baseline and post-treatment, Parent Report
Mean scores for Child Life Skills and Assessment Only groups at baseline and post-treatment, Teacher Report