Touches On Many Other Sectors Such As Textile

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  • Touches On Many Other Sectors Such As Textile

    1. 1. Greening the Supply Chain “ Pollution Prevention for Product Systems” John O. Sparks U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Design for the Environment Program
    2. 2. Extraction conversion Unsustainable Product Life Cycle Material Flows & Life Cycle Concepts Discharges to air, land, water in all stages Stuff Dispose Manufacturing Use
    3. 3. <ul><li>12,000,000 new cars/light trucks made annually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>about 20,000 parts per unit and most are out-sourced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total finished product is 24,000,000 tons </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate about 3 lbs. non-product output per lb. of finished product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cleaners, lubricants, scrap, process sludges, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>could be much higher if process waters included </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-product output approximately 72,000,000 tons </li></ul><ul><li>Most in the suppliers facilities </li></ul><ul><li>auto company & public ultimately pays for waste . </li></ul>OEM Supply Chains Example:Auto Assembly Impact
    4. 4. Material Flows & Life Cycle Concepts GSC Vision :Sustainable Product Life Cycle Fewer discharges to air, land, water in all stages End-of-life Disassembly Assembly & Manufacturing Use Servicing Repair Inputs Dispose Re-manufacturing & Recycling Design
    5. 5. Environmental Impact Potential: 4 Workshops <ul><li>Reduced Electricity Demand: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1, 880,000 – 1,915,000 kWh annually </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced CO 2 Emissions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport related reductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>149,800 – 150,200 lbs. annually </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced Transport Fuel Use: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>21,990 – 22,080 gallons annually </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced Solid Waste Disposal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>278,000 – 319,000 lbs. Annually </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional environmental opportunities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint disposal reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel scrap reduction </li></ul></ul>

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