Chapter Three The Structure of the US Textile Industry
Textile Terms <ul><li>Textile: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any product made from fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber pro...
Terms (con’t) <ul><li>Fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufactured </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Terms (con’t) <ul><li>Fabric construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibers (non-woven) </...
Industry Structure <ul><li>Companies perform one or more of these basic functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber processing ...
Structure (con’t) <ul><li>Specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throwsters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modify filament </li...
Fiber and Yarn <ul><li>Natural fiber processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton, wool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leather </li></u...
Fiber Marketing and Distribution <ul><li>Natural Fibers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commodities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>...
Color Forecasting <ul><li>Key consumer choice issue </li></ul><ul><li>Usually applied at textile production stage </li></u...
Fabric Production <ul><li>Textile Mills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knitting </li></ul></ul><...
Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Textile design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Printing method </li><...
Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Converters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy greige goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add dyes, prints, and ...
Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Textile testing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspecting, measuring, evaluating properties </li></ul></ul>...
Environmental Issues <ul><li>Organic or recycled products </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly products </li></ul><u...
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The Structure Of The Us Textile Industry

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The Structure Of The Us Textile Industry

  1. 1. Chapter Three The Structure of the US Textile Industry
  2. 2. Textile Terms <ul><li>Textile: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any product made from fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber producing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Yarn spinning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric finishing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Terms (con’t) <ul><li>Fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufactured </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yarns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filament </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Terms (con’t) <ul><li>Fabric construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibers (non-woven) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yarns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finishes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greige goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Converted/finished goods </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Industry Structure <ul><li>Companies perform one or more of these basic functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yarn spinning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textile Mills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric Finishers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Structure (con’t) <ul><li>Specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Throwsters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modify filament </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vertical Integration </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fiber and Yarn <ul><li>Natural fiber processing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton, wool </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leather </li></ul><ul><li>Fur </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured fibers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fiber Marketing and Distribution <ul><li>Natural Fibers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commodities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Price based on demand </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade associations to combat manufactured fibers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufactured Fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost based on development and production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commodity or name-brand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensed/controlled brand name programs set minimum standards </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Color Forecasting <ul><li>Key consumer choice issue </li></ul><ul><li>Usually applied at textile production stage </li></ul><ul><li>Color stories translated into fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Also performed by apparel manufactures </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine general color palettes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Fabric Production <ul><li>Textile Mills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knitting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually specialized, unless vertically integrated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Griege goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staple vs. Specialty fabrics </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Textile design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Printing method </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fabric structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finishes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stylist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Understands the market </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Converters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buy greige goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add dyes, prints, and finishes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on aesthetics and performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experts in color forecasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all fabrics handled by a converter </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Fabric (con’t) <ul><li>Textile testing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspecting, measuring, evaluating properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards set by ASTM and AATCC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quality control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspection of finished goods to standards </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance and consumer satisfaction </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Environmental Issues <ul><li>Organic or recycled products </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally friendly products </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling to keep textiles out of land fills </li></ul><ul><li>Foxfibre Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Younger consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Increased social responsibility </li></ul>
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