The Sixth Form Perspective
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

The Sixth Form Perspective

on

  • 1,047 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,047
Views on SlideShare
1,046
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

The Sixth Form Perspective The Sixth Form Perspective Presentation Transcript

  • As Simple as ABC?: Issues of Transition for English Language A Level Students going on to study English Language/ Linguistics in Higher Education THE SIXTH FORM PERSPECTIVE Angela Goddard & Adrian Beard York St John University
  • Data Sources: AS Level students
    • April 2006: 271 questionnaires - students asked to
    • rate their courses for interest, relevance, variety
    • (12 Comps, 4 Ind, 3 FE, 1Gr, 1 6 th coll)
    • July 2006: 3 focus groups (32 students) intending
    • to go to university. Asked about language topics
    • they hoped to study, and about learning and
    • teaching in school/HE
    • (10 Comps, 1 Gr, 1 FE)
    • April 2006: 3 focus groups of teachers
    • accompanying AS students – asked about
    • approaches to teaching and learning, links
    • with HE (5 Comps, 3 Ind, 2 FE, 1 6 th coll)
    • June & October 2006: 61 teachers on INSET
    • programmes questioned about their subject
    • knowledge & previous training
    Data Sources: A Level Teachers
  • National assessment: Who’s Who
    • QCA
    • AQA
    • EDEXCEL
    • OCR
    • WJEC
    • CCEA
  • National assessment: Time line
    • 6 module system finishes with A2 in 2009
    • 4 module system begins for AS in 2008
    • This means new specifications with some material inevitably ‘lost’
  • AS/A2 Numbers
    • Figures for Summer 2006:
    • AS: 24,387 (c.67% female, 33% male)
    • A2: 18,370 ( c.64% female, 36% male)
  • English Language: QCA Assessment Objectives 2008
    • Linguistic methods & terminology
    • Concepts and issues in the construction and analysis of spoken and written language
    • Understanding of context
    • Expertise and creativity in the use of English
    • Show knowledge of key constituents of language
  • AS/A2 CONTENT
    • Common to all courses in 2008:
    • familiarity with traditional notions of language ‘levels’
    • analysis of varieties of spoken and written data, including texts over time
    • study of some sociolinguistic topics
    • an individual research investigation into an area of language study
    • students producing their own texts through various kinds of writing (and perhaps speaking)
  • English Language Units (AQA Spec B from 2008)
    • Categorising Texts : (genre theory )
    • Creating Texts: Analysis of a style model; creation of own text; analytical commentary
    • 3. Developing Language: acquisition and change
    • 4. Investigating Language: Data collection & analysis; creation of a media representation of this
  • From National to Local
    • In effect the ‘national’ A level specification becomes customised at a more local level depending on the nature of the institution and its students
    • So a multicultural comprehensive is likely to take a different approach to content and principles from a monocultural grammar school ( if it does English Language at all)
  • Grade A
    • At A level approximately 13% are awarded grade A
    • The comparative figure for English Literature is approximately 25%
  • STUDENTS INTENDING TO TAKE ANOTHER SUBJECT TO HE
    • When asked which subject at HE, from 202 responses, 76 different subjects were named including:
    • Architecture, Art and Design, Business, Chemistry, Dance, Fashion, Film, Geography, History, Law, Maths, Media, Medicine, MFL, Nursing, PE, Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Teaching, Theology, Vet Science
  • AS Students
    • Had enjoyed:
    • Accent and dialect work
    • Representation
    • Original writing
    • Language & gender
    • Language in the media
    • Language & technology
    • Saw their learning as:
    • Group-oriented
    • Participatory
    • Interactive & discursive
    • ‘ Independence’ meant
    • presenting own ideas;
    • reading, if set, was in order
    • to do a task afterwards
  • Independent Reading
    • 32 AS students had indicated they might go on to read English Language
    • 3 said they had been given a reading list
    • 19 had no recommended reading at all
    • 10 had been given short readings and extracts to study
  • AS Students
    • Hoped HE courses would offer:
    • Language acquisition
    • Language & gender
    • Language in the media
    • Accents & dialects
    • Language & power
    • Sociolinguistics
    • Expected HE courses to involve:
    • A wider range of teaching staff
    • Very small interactive sessions as well as lectures
    • Essay writing and independent study
  • STUDENTS INTENDING TO CONTINUE SUBJECT TO HE
    • On 5 point scale they rated their A level English Language:
    • Interest: 87% Excellent – Good
    • Relevance: 77% Excellent – Good
    • Variety : 60% Excellent – Good
  • A Level Teachers
    • In their own teaching, try:
    • Not to be too didactic
    • To work from data
    • To encourage
    • independence
    • To accommodate a wide
    • range of ability levels and
    • needs
    • In their subject knowledge,
    • many feel:
    • That teaching A Level Lang
    • is rewarding but…
    • That they are under –
    • prepared for some aspects
    • of the subject and…
    • Unfamiliar with the HE
    • sector in this subject
  • Teacher Subject Knowledge
    • 61 ‘1st time’ teachers were surveyed
    • 1.Did you teacher training include A level language? Yes : 12 No : 49
    • 2. Do you need help with subject knowledge as much as methodology? Yes 53 No: 8
  • UCAS: WHAT’S THE SUBJECT CALLED?
    • English leads to
    • English Language as one option
    • English Linguistics Studies as another
    • ……………………………………………
    • English Language then offers courses in
    • both English Language and English
    • Language and Linguistics but…
    • ..English Linguistics Studies offers neither
  • UCAS: WHAT’S THE SUBJECT CALLED?
    • What do the following courses mean?
    • English and English Language
    • English Language and English
    • English with English Language & Communication
    • English and Language and Linguistics
    • English Studies and English Language/Linguistics
  • WHAT’S THE SUBJECT CALLED?
    • Questions for internal consideration:
    • What is meant by English ?
    • Are subject/course names the result of institutional battles and compromises?
    • What do your course names mean outside of your own peer group?
    • What are you saying ‘about this degree’ in UCAS site? For example, what does this entry requirement mean?: “English Literature or English – Language & Literature required”
  • STUDENT EXPERIENCE AT LEVEL 1
    • Question: Was A Level English Language a
    • good preparation for your degree course?
    • Yes = 112 ( 78%) No = 32 ( 22%)
  • STUDENT EXPERIENCE AT LEVEL 1
    • Question: Did you repeat any material from A Level in level
    • 1of your degree?
    • Yes = 96 ( 71%) No = 40 (29%)
    • Question : Did the repetition bother you?
    • Yes = 4% No = 96%
    • Question: Has your course so far matched your
    • expectations of what it would be when you applied?
    • Yes = 180 ( 82%) No = 39 ( 18%)
  • STUDENT VOICES AT LEVEL 1
    • At A Level I was guided through the course. I had contact
    • with my tutor at least three times a week on a one to one
    • basis and my class size was never above 10. University
    • teaching is quite daunting, particularly the size of lectures
    • and the lack of personal tutoring
    • Independent learning is studying from home or
    • library, but doing it on your own…I do it…but motivation
    • can be affected when there seems to be too little guidance
  • LECTURERS’ VOICES
    • Students are especially able to say things about texts .
    • Some students worry about structural aspects and are scared of difficulty.
    • They lack the confidence to analyse because they are uncertain of the metalanguage.
  • OVERVIEW FROM HE PERSPECTIVE
    • Where lecturers knew about the nature of A Level work, they tended to be more positive about their students’ abilities
    • There was a general perception that students arrived with a culture of dependency and insecurity
    • Most lecturers were concerned about their students’ lack of metalinguistic knowledge
  • Conclusions & recommendations for HE
    • HE programmes – transparency & naming
    • HE tutors - knowledge of A Level helps
    • Metalanguage – how can it be best approached?
    • Teacher training/links with school sector
    • Independent learning – what is it? how can it be developed in HE contexts?
    • Planning for transition – eg front-loading of resources
  • LAST WORD
    • I have found the transition from a level to degree to be quite a natural progression. I think I would have struggled with this degree course if I had not taken English Language at A level .