According to legend, the ancestors of the Hopi tribe migrated from various locations and settled near the Grand Canyon. Legend also portrays a peaceful people, willing to cooperate with others to improve their life. Classified as Pueblo Indians they most likely descended from the Anasazi. The Hopi were the only Pueblo Indians that spoke a dialect of the Uto-Aztecan language family called Shoshone.
The Hopi Indians, which means good, peaceful, or wise, come from a group of Southwestern people called Pueblo, but their language is different. They live in northeast Arizona at the southern end of the Black Mesa. A mesa is the name given to a small isolated flat-topped hill with three steep sides called the 1st Mesa, 2nd Mesa, and the 3rd Mesa. On the mesa tops are the Hopi villages called pueblos. The pueblo of Oraibi on the 3rd Mesa started in 1050, and is the oldest in North America that was lived in continuously. They live in pueblos that are made of stone and mud and stand several stories high.
Men wore a straight sleeved or sleeveless shirt of undyed, native cotton, worn like a poncho; knitted cotton leggings reaching half way up the thighs; cotton loin cloth; and moccasins of deerskin. Women wore an undyed cotton robe, which passed under the left arm and was fastened above the right shoulder and an embroidered belt.
The Navajo woman's traditional style of dress consists usually of foot or knee-high moccasins, a pleated velvet or cotton skirt, a matching long-sleeve blouse, concho and/or sash belt, jewelry and a shawl. Men also wear jewelry, moccasins and preferably a velveteen shirt.
Although many Navajo people wear contemporary clothing, they continue to carry on their cultural practices by wearing traditional outfits when the occasion requires it. It is believed that before an individual can receive help from the Great Spirit, one must first wear appropriate clothing in order to be recognized. The earliest clothing worn by Navajos was made from grass and yucca plants. Later, shirts, dresses, and leggings were made from buckskin acquired in trade with the Utes of Colorado.
. The Navajo Indians were great farmers. That’s why they moved to the south because it was warmer there and they could grow more food. The Navajo Indians weaved there clothes. The Navajo Indians made pottery and blankets. When the Spanish settled the Navajo stole their sheep and horses and used the sheep for food and clothing. They used the horses for transportation. The Navajo Indians hunted mammoths until them became instinct After that they hunted Buffalo also known as Bison. They used the bones for weapons.
The Navajo Indians herded sheep and ate them and used their wool for clothing. The very first Southwest Native Americans hunted mammoths until they became extinct. Then people began to hunt buffalo, also known as bison, as well as collect wild plants for food. They also learned to grow maize, or corn, that was their most common grain, which became domesticated in Mexico.
The Hopi have many religious ceremonies. They had a under ground religious room called a kiva to hold service, just like their cousins the Anasazi. They also had dolls called Kachinas to teach the children about each spirit’s powers. These dolls were not for playing they were for learning. Sometimes the Hopi would even have a sacred dance that was supposed to have made the rain come.
When the Navajos -or dine as they called themselves - needed healing they called upon a medicine man- they called him a singer. The singer would make a mixture out of pollen, cornmeal, ground charcoal, and colorful powdered minerals. Then they would use the mixture to make a religious painting. Then the singer would make the ill villager sit on the painting so the gods could heal him. When the service was over they’d destroy the painting.