The Dangers of Skin Cancer Are we educated enough?
Statement of the Problem
Even though we have been educated on the dangers of skin cancer and its prevention, Melanoma/skin cancer continues to increase at an alarming rate.
Background leading to the problem
Lack of Knowledge
“ No big deal?”
YES! It is a big deal.
Harmful effects of UV-B
Time of day
Ultra Violet Index
Are Tan Skins Cool?
Behavior and attitude
There's more evidence on the hazards of tanning beds. Baking under their artificial lamps as little as once a month can boost your risk of a deadly form of skin cancer by 55% -- and the danger is even greater when done in early adulthood.
Significance to Optimal Health
Spending time outdoors in the fresh air does wonders for the body and soul. Just remember that your skin needs extra protection from the sun.
Types of Skin Cancer
Basal cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinomas
Types of Skin Cancer
Other Effects From the Sun
Cataracts and Other Eye Damage
Other Problems In terms of cancer types; skin cancer history was most strongly tied to liver cancer, followed by Hodgkin disease, leukemia, and lung cancer. Women who have had the most common forms of skin cancer are 2.3 times as likely to also get deadlier cancers such as breast, lung, and colon.
Avoid sun exposure between 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.
When outdoors use SPF 15 or higher
without SPF 15 reddening takes 20 mins
with SPF 15 reddening takes 5 hours (reapply every 2 hours & after swimming)
Several sunburns over course of a lifetime can double/ triple melanoma risk no matter when sunburns occurred
Wear long pants, long-sleeved shirts, hats, UV- protective sunglasses
Stay away from artificial tanning devices
Teach children good sun protection habits at an early age. Damages that lead to adult skin cancers start in childhood
Examine self from head to toe once every 3 months
Tinted windows in automobile
Year Round Protection
During winter ( Reflections from snow can double the UV rays from the sun)
UV radiation is not only associated with heat
Clouds/ Haze- water droplets magnify UV rays.
Latitude - closer to the equator, more potent sun rays.
Altitude- UV radiation increases 4-5% every 1000 ft. above sea level.
Reflection - water, sand, concrete and snow reflect 90% of UV rays.
Photosensitive Reactions- medicines for acne or antibiotics
Variety of Approach
UVB causes basal, squamous cell carcinomas and melanoma.
UVA causes wrinkling, leathering, photo aging because it penetrates deeper and exacerbates UVB effects.
Youth Sun Care
Avoid sunburns as a child.
Babies under 6 months old should spend very little time in the sun. If exposed to the sun protective clothing and sunglasses should be worn.
Children over 6 months should always wear a sunscreen of at least SPF 15.
The ABCD’s of Skin Cancer
A – Asymmetry
B – Border
C – Color
D – Diameter
Removal – Laser / Excision or cutting out
Surgery – lymph nodes
Chemotherapy / Immunotherapy
Benign / Malignant
Latest News of Sunscreens Long-term Effects
Sunscreen as of now is tested with a significant and favorable impact on public health as part of an overall strategy to reduce UV exposure.
Parents should educate their children immediately!
Experts warn that even one severe sunburn during childhood or adolescence can increase the risk of skin cancer.
Kids get 80% of their life time sun before age 18.
Safety tips must be practiced constantly!
Besides using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher, a regularly scheduled full-body exam by your health care professional is key to prevention!
This is because melanoma can occur on areas of your body that are not exposed to the sun.
It often takes a trained eye to spot melanoma in early stages.
You should examine yourself regularly
The best time to do this is after a bath or shower, standing in front of a full length mirror.
Use a handheld mirror to help you view areas that are difficult to see.
If you notice any odd-looking mole or marking, contact your doctor ASAP!
Solution to the Problem
Sun Avoidance is the best defense against skin cancer
Visit your dermatologist at least once a year
Early detection is the surest way to a cure!
Sun Screen! Sun Screen! Sun Screen!
If Not Addressed
About 91,900 new cases of melanoma in the United States, in 2003
7,600 are expected to die from melanoma (4,700 men and 2,900 women)