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  • LONGER VERSION of presentation to UCLA Anderson Forecast (panel on data issues in forecasting). Updated from June version to Sept to November. This version has additional 17 “sector” slides (11-20, 22-28), in case more “what is NAICS” is needed. Focus of short version: NAICS implementation, primarily for BLS employment programs (CES & 202) most commonly used in forecasting. Crowd of forecasters was NOT happy that California CES data were being reconstructed only back to 1991. This .ppt was built upon one done by Teri Morisi, the “sector” slides in particular are essentially hers.

Textiles, Apparel & Leather Products Textiles, Apparel & Leather Products Presentation Transcript

  • Implementation of NAICS: North American Industry Classification System TM NAICS
  • What is NAICS?
    • Concept: Group establishments by production processes
    • Established in 1997
    • Developed in cooperation with our NAFTA partners, Canada and Mexico
    • New Industry Classification System
  • Why Develop NAICS?
    • SIC was:
    • Developed in the 1930s
    • Emphasized manufacturing, not growing service and high tech industries
    • Revisions made little change to the original structure
    • Last revised in 1987
  • How Does NAICS Differ from SIC?
    • Based on the “production function” concept
    • Emphasizes new and emerging industries, high-technology industries, and service industries
    • Provides for comparability with Canada and Mexico
    • Will be regularly maintained, current plans are for revisions every 5 years: 2002, 2007, etc.
  • 20 sectors (21 counting Unclassified) 1.198 Industries (US) 175 more than under SIC system 6-digit numbering system What is the NAICS Structure?
  • 11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 21 Mining 22 Utilities 23 Construction 31-33 Manufacturing 42 Wholesale Trade 44-45 Retail Trade 48-49 Transportation and Warehousing 51 Information 52 Finance and Insurance 53 Real Estate & Rental & Leasing NAICS Sectors
  • 54 Professional, Scientific & Technical Services 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 56 Administrative & Support & Waste Management & Remediation Services 61 Educational Services 62 Health Care & Social Assistance 71 Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation 72 Accommodation & Food Services 81 Other Services (except public administration) 92 Public Administration 99 Unclassified NAICS Sectors
  • NAICS Alternate Aggregation Tree
  • NAICS/SIC Structure NAICS 2-digit Sector 3-digit Subsector 4-digit Industry Group 5-digit NAICS Industry 6-digit U.S. Industry SIC Division Letter 2-digit Major Group 3-digit Industry Group 4-digit Industry
  • NAICS Structure As with SIC, more digits = more detail Code 72 721 7211 72119 721191 Title Accommodation & Food Services Accommodation Traveler Accommodation Other Traveler Accommodation Bed-and-Breakfast Inns
  •   Number of codes:   6 digit - 1,198   5 digit - 725   4 digit - 314   3 digit - 98   2 digit - 24   Super Sector 11 ` NAICS - North American Industry Classification System
  • Questions so far?
  • Employment by SIC 2001
  • Employment by NAICS 2001
  •  
    • Changes to sector:
    • Moved in
      • Logging
    • Moved out
      • Veterinarians
      • Agricultural Research
      • Horticultural and Landscape Activities
    Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting 11
  • Utilities - 22
    • Combination utilities no longer exist
    • Examples of new electric power industries
      • Fossil Fuel Electric Power
      • Nuclear Electric Power
    • Refuse systems
        • Administrative & Support, Waste Management, & Remediation Services
  • Construction - 23
    • Subsectors basically comparable to SIC major groups
    • In the Construction of Buildings subsector, industry is based on whether construction is new or remodeling
      • New Single Family Housing Construction
      • New Housing Operative Builders
      • Residential Remodelers
  • Manufacturing 31-33
    • Reorganized and restructured = comparability with Canada and Mexico
      • 474 industries,
      • 173 revised industries,
      • 79 new industries
    • New Computer and Electronic Products Manufacturing Subsector
  • Manufacturing 31-33
    • Incoming:
      • Retail Bakeries
      • Custom wood cabinets, furniture
      • Dental Laboratories
      • Tire Re-treading
    • Outgoing
      • Logging
      • Publishing
  • Redefinition of Wholesale/Retail
    • SIC based on class of customer
    • NAICS based on method of selling
    • Restaurants no longer included in retail
  • Wholesale Trade 42
    • Three types of wholesalers
      • Merchant Wholesalers
      • Business-to-Business Electronic Markets
      • Agents and Brokers
    • Merchant wholesalers sell goods on their own account; the other two do not
    • Classification dependent on whether they take title to goods
  • Retail Trade 44 - 45
    • Going Elsewhere
      • Eating and Drinking Places
      • Retail Bakeries
    • New Industries
      • Discount Department Stores
      • Warehouse Clubs and Superstores
      • Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores
      • Electronic Shopping
  • Transportation & Warehousing 48 - 49
    • Trucking no longer distinguished by whether or not storage is provided
      • General Freight Trucking, Long Distance, Truckload
      • General Freight Trucking, Long-Distance, Less Than Truckload
    • No distinction between land and air couriers
    • Waste collection and travel agencies
        • Admin/Support & Waste Management & Remediation Services
  • Information Sector 51
    • New Industries: - Cellular and other Wireless Telecommunications - Telecommunications Resellers - Internet Publishing and Broadcasting - Internet Service Providers - Web Search Portals
    • Rest created from: Manufacturing: Publishing TCPU: Broadcasting & Communications Services: Motion Picture & Sound Recording Information Services & Data Processing Libraries
  • Restructuring of Finance Industries 52
    • Recognizes rapid change and deregulation
    • New industries include:
      • Credit Card Issuing
      • Financial transactions Processing, Reserve and Clearinghouse Activities
      • Investment Banking and Securities Dealing
  • Reorganization of Old “Services” Division
    • NAICS
      • Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
      • Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services
      • Administrative and Support; Waste Management and Remediation Services
      • Educational Services
      • Health Care and Social Assistance
      • Arts, Entertainment and Recreation
      • Accommodation and Food Services
      • Other Services (except Public Admin)
    1987 SIC Services
  • Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services 54
    • Grouped by expertise and training
    • of service provider
    • 28 new industries
      • Offices of CPAs
      • Interior Design Services
      • Environmental Consulting
      • Marketing Research & Opinion Polling
      • Consultants
  • Administrative & Support & Waste Management & Remediation 56
    • 29 new industries
      • Professional Employer Organizations
      • Convention & Visitors Bureaus
      • Repossession Services
      • Hazardous Waste Collection
    Industries that support businesses
  • Health Care and Social Assistance 62
    • 27 new industries not found under the SIC
      • HMO Medical Centers
      • Diagnostic Imaging Centers
      • Blood and Organ Banks
      • Residential Mental Health and Substance Abuse Facilities
      • Continuing Care Retirement Facilities
  • Accommodation and Food Services 72
    • New eating place industries
      • Full-Service Restaurants
      • Limited-Service Restaurants
      • Cafeterias
      • Food Service Contractors
    • New lodging industries
      • Casino Hotels
      • Bed-and-Breakfast Inns
  • Public Administration 92
    • Tribal government added
    • A governmental and a private unit will have the same NAICS code if they perform the same activity
    • - Air Traffic Control is 488111
  • NAICS U.S. Manual
    • Published in 1998
    • 1170 descriptions
    • Contains “Bridge” NAICS/SIC tables
    • Approximately 12,000 index items in an alphabetic sequence
    ALREADY OBSOLETE: NAICS 1997 Replacement published in 2002
  • NAICS 2002
    • Revision was effective January 1, 2002
      • Final Federal Register notice: January 16, 2001
    • Goals of the revision
      • Increase comparability among the three countries
      • Identify new and emerging industries
      • Restructure Wholesale Trade (US only)
    NAICS 2002 is the first “five-year” revision to NAICS 1997
  • NAICS 2002
    • Industries impacted by NAICS 2002:
        • Construction International comparability at fifth digit, and (BLS only) residential/nonresidential distinction at sixth digit
        • Wholesale Trade
        • Department Stores
        • Electronic shopping and auctions
        • Information
    • Next revision: 2007
        • Complete restructuring of “distribution network” industries: Wholesale, Retail, Transportation and Warehousing
  • Implementation Timing Across Agencies
    • Phase in by statistical agencies
    • Completion of implementation by 2005
  • NAICS Implementation Schedule
    • Internal Revenue Service
    • Census Bureau
    • Bureau of Economic Analysis
    • Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Tax Year 1998
    • 1999 - 2002
    • 1999 - 2004
    • 2002 - 2005
    U.S. Statistical Agencies
  • Implementation at BLS (employment)
  • Implementation at BLS (non-employment)
  • Covered Employment & Wages (ES-202)
    • Universe for virtually all BLS programs
    • Very detailed coverage: 8.2 million establishments, data aggregated by ownership/county/NAICS
    • Codes continually verified on a three-year cycle
    • 1998-2000: States polled companies to determine NAICS 1997 code (while still verifying SIC)
    • ES-202 is cornerstone employment program
    • Will continue to dual-code SIC and NAICS New units: Through FY 2002 (September 30, 2002) Existing units: Will maintain but not update SIC
    • Publication by BLS When: December 2001 MLR articles, full pub. in 2002 What: Data for 2001 and SIC/NAICS ratio tables
    • Historical reconstruction by BLS? Undecided
    Covered Employment & Wages (ES-202)
    • 2001: Recoded for NAICS 2002
  •  
  •  
  • Order a copy of the 2002 NAICS Manual:
    • Call 800-553-6847 or go to:
    • http://www.ntis.gov
    • Now Available -   2002 Hardcover print edition! $45 PB2002-101430
    • CD-ROM with search and retrieval software
    • $60 PB2002-502024
  • Questions?
  •  
  • Occupational Employment Statistics The difference between Occupations and Industry
  • Occupation
    • Standard Occupational Classification (SOC)
      • System for classifying all occupations in the economy
      • Used by all Federal statistical agencies collecting occupational data
      • Classifies workers (employees) by the job tasks performed
  • Industry
    • OES surveys provide occupations by industry
    • “ Snapshot” of the type of work performed within an industry
  • Top 10 Construction Occupations By Employment
  • Top 10 Construction Occupations By Wage
  • How NAICS affects OES
    • Break in time series –
      • Staffing patterns will not be comparable!
    • Provide occupations for new emerging industries: i.e. Information sector of NAICS
    • More forms! (Because of more industry sectors)
  • Projections
    • Current Industry Projections based on SIC codes
    • With NAICS, next industry projections may not be based on a full three years’ worth of data
    • Occupation projections are still possible because the occupation coding will not change
  • Questions?
  • Current Employment Statistics (CES)
  • Current Employment Statistics (CES)
    • CES more commonly used time series
    • Decreased risk of confidentiality disclosure with higher level of aggregation for publication
    • Data for all 20 sectors are available for the statewide but not the area series
    • Publication by BLS and states Two-year benchmark from January 2001 through December 2002 State & Area: March 2003 National: June 2003
    • Maintain continuity at “Total Nonfarm” level
      • Retain logging, despite reclassification to agriculture Drop animal production support (part of SIC 075)
    Current Employment Statistics (CES)
    • State & Area 1939 - current for Total Nonfarm
    • 1990 - 2000 for All Employee series 2001 – 2002 All Employee Benchmark
    • 2003 January all estimates done in NAICS
    • NO Hours & Earnings reconstruction:
    • Wi ll start January 2003 by estimation
    • NAICS based historical reconstruction at: http://data.bls.gov/labjava/outside.jsp?survey=sm
    Current Employment Statistics (CES) Time series reconstruction
  • SUPERSECTORS
    • Collections of sectors similar to SIC divisions.
    • Statewide data is seasonally adjusted at the Supersector level.
    • Written analysis on Supersector data for Statewide and Denver MSA.
    • Statewide Supersector data has been reconstructed by BLS back to 1990.
    • Links to the data reconstruction on CES homepage.
  • Supersector Detail: Goods Producing
    • Natural Resources and Mining:
      • Sector 11 (Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting)
      • Sector 21 (Mining)
    • Construction :
      • Sector 23 (Construction)
    • Manufacturing :
      • Sectors 31-33 (Manufacturing)
  • Service Producing
    • Trade, Transportation, and Utilities:
      • Sector 42 (Wholesale trade)
      • Sector 44-45 (Retail trade)
      • Sector 48-49 (Transportation and warehousing)
      • Sector 22 (Utilities)
    • Information:
      • Sector 51 (Information)
    • Financial Activities
      • Sector 52 (Finance and insurance)
      • Sector 53 (Real estate and rental and leasing)
    Service Producing
    • Professional and Business Services:
      • Sector 54 (Professional, scientific, and technical services)
      • Sector 55 (Management of companies and enterprises)
      • Sector 56 (Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services)
    Service Producing
    • Education and Health Services:
      • Sector 61 (Educational services)
      • Sector 62 (Health care and social assistance)
    • Leisure and Hospitality:
      • Sector 71 (Arts, entertainment, and recreation)
      • Sector 72 (Accommodation and food services)
    Service Producing
  • Supersector Employment SIC NAICS
  • Changes To Statewide CES Published Data
    • Employment level estimates reported in industry category cells.
    • Published government cells will not change.
    • Non-governmental cells at statewide level will increase from 67 SIC to 80 NAICS.
    • Some loss of detail in
      • Mining
      • Manufacturing
      • Retail trade.
    • Offset by a considerable increase of detail in SIC industries classified now under NAICS Services, TCU and FIRE.
    • New industry classifications regain the loss of detail from Manufacturing and Retail Trade.
    Changes To Statewide CES Published Data
  • Supersector by Supersector comparison CES published data differences SIC to NAICS. All graphs are employment in thousands.
  • Natural Resources and Mining NAICS SIC
  •  
  • Construction NAICS SIC
  • Construction
    • New detail:
    • 3 SIC to 6 NAICS
    • Detail from SIC:
    • General Building Contractors
    • Heavy Construction, Exc. Building
    • Special Trade Contractors
  • Construction
    • New detail from NAICS 20-000000:
    • Construction of Buildings 20-236000
    • Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction 20-237000
    • Specialty Trade Contractors 20-238000
      • Foundation, Structure, and Building Exterior Contractors 20-238100
      • Building Equipment Contractors 20-238200
      • Building Finishing Contractors 20-238300
    Construction New detail:
  • Manufacturing NAICS SIC
    • NAICS 30-000000 change of detail
    • Durable goods detail in from SIC:
    • Lumber & Wood Production Including Furniture
    • Stone, Clay, & Glass Products
    • Primary, Fabricated Metal Products
    • Computer & Office Equipment Instruments & Related Product
    Manufacturing
    • Durable, new detail from NAICS 31-000000:
    • Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacture
    • 31-327000
    • Fabricated Metal Product Manufacture
    • 31-332000
    • Computer and Electronic Product Manufacture 31-334000
    • Transportation Equipment Manufacture 31-336000
    Manufacturing
    • Non-Durable Goods loss of detail from SIC:
    • Food and Kindred Products
    • Meat Products
    • Dairy Products
    • Beverages
    • Textiles, Apparel & Leather Products
    • Paper & Allied Products
    • Printing and Publishing (splits between Non-durable and new Information)
    • Chemicals, Petroleum & Coal Products
    Manufacturing
    • Food manufacturing 32-311000
    • Beverage Manufacturing 32-312000
    • Printing and Related Support Activities 32-323000 (Publishing is now in Information)
    Manufacturing Non-Durable new detail from NAICS 32-000000 (5 fewer categories)
  • Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • TCU and Trade is a new aggregation.
      • Major changes with higher detail.
    • Communication
    • Supersector – Information .
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
  • Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • TCU, SIC detail:
    • Trucking and Warehousing
    • Transportation by Air
    • Communications Information
    • Electric, Gas & Sanitary Services
    • Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
    • New detail in NAICS 40-000000:
    • Utilities 22
    • Transportation and Warehousing 48-49
    • Air Transportation 481
    • Truck Transportation 484
    • Couriers and Messengers 492
    • Warehousing and Storage 493
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
  •  
  • Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • Wholesale Trade
    • SIC detail:
    • Durable goods
    • Non-Durable goods
    • Wholesale Trade
    • NAICS 41-000000 detail:
    • Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 41-423000
    • Merchant Wholesalers, Non-Durable Goods 41-424000
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • Retail Trade in SIC:
    • Building Materials, Garden Supply Stores
    • General Merchandise Stores
    • Food Stores
    • Automotive Dealers & Service Stations
    • Apparel & Accessory Stores
    • Home Furnishings & Equipment Stores
    • Eating & Drinking Places
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information NAICS Leisure and Hospitality
    • Retail Trade, NAICS 42-000000 detail:
    • Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers 42-441000
    • Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers 42-444000
    • Food and Beverage Stores 42-445000
    • General Merchandise Stores 42-452000
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • Information 50-000000
    • New industry
    • Communications from TCU
    • Publishing from the SIC Non-Durable Goods Industry at greater detail .
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
    • NAICS detail:
    • Publishing Industries (except internet) 50-511000
    • Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers 50-511100
    • Software Publishers 50-511200
    • Telecommunications 50-517000
    Trade, Transportation & Utilities / Information
  • Financial Activities NAICS SIC
    • FIRE greater detail in NAICS Financial Activities.
    • SIC detail:
    Financial Activities
    • Depository Institutions
    • Insurance
    • Real Estate
    • Financial Activities, NAICS 55-000000 detail:
    • Finance and Insurance 55-520000
      • Credit Intermediation and Related Activities 55-522000
      • S ecurities, Commodity Contracts, and Other Financial Investments and Related Activities 55-523000
      • Insurance Carriers and Related Activities 52-524000
    • Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
    • 55–530000
      • Real Estate 55-531000
    Financial Activities
  • Services
    • Greatest changes and additional detail!
    • Services will split into 4 Supersectors.
    • under SIC 17 CES detail cells
    • under NAICS 28 detail cells.
    Services
    • Services SIC detail:
    • Hotels & Other Lodging Places
    • Personal Services
    • Business Services
    • Computer & Data Processing Services
    • Motion Pictures
    • Amusements & Recreation Services
    Services - SIC
  • Services - SIC
    • Services SIC detail (cont.)
    • Ski Lift Operators Leisure & Hospitality
    • Health Services
    • Hospitals
    • MD’s and Other Health Care Practitioners
    • Nursing Facilities & Home Health Care
    • Legal Services
    • Services SIC detail, cont:
    • Educational Services
    • Social Services
    • Membership Organizations
    • Engineering & Management Services
    • Agricultural Services
    Services - SIC
  • PROFESSIONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES 60-000000 Services - NAICS
    •  
    • Professional, Scientific and Technical Services 60-540000
      • Legal Services 60-541100
      • Architectural, Engineering and Related Services 60-541300
      • Computer Systems Design and Related Services 60-541500
    Professional And Business Services 60-000000 Services - NAICS
    • Management of Companies and Enterprises 60-550000
    • Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 60-560000
      • Administrative and Support Services 60-561000
        • Employment Services 60–561300
        • Services to Buildings and Dwellings 60-561700
    Professional And Business Services 60-000000 Services - NAICS
  • EDUCATION AND HEALTH SERVICES 65-000000 Services - NAICS
  • EDUCATION AND HEALTH SERVICES 65-000000
    • Educational Services 65-610000
    • Health Care and Social Assistance 65-620000
      • Ambulatory Health Care Services 65-621000
      • Hospitals 65-622000
      • Nursing and Residential Care Facilities 65-623000
      • Social Assistance 65-624000
    Services - NAICS
  • LEISURE AND HOSPITALITY 70-000000 Services - NAICS
  • LEISURE AND HOSPITALITY 70-000000
    • Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
    • 70-710000
      • Amusement, Gambling, and Recreation Industries 70-713000
        • Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 70-713900 (contains the Ski industry)
    Services - NAICS
        • ACCOMMODATION
        • AND FOOD SERVICES 70-000000  
    Services - NAICS
  • ACCOMMODATION AND FOOD SERVICES 70-720000
    • Accommodation 70-721000
    • Food Services and Drinking Places 70-722000 (formerly in Retail Trade)
    Services - NAICS
  • Services - NAICS OTHER SERVICES 80-000000
  • OTHER SERVICES 80-000000
    • Repair and Maintenance 80-811000
    • Personal and Laundry Services 80-812000
    • Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations 80-813000
      • Religious Organizations 80-813100
    Services - NAICS
  • Denver, Boulder, Colorado Springs MSA’s
    • Denver: 55 SIC non-government cells replaced by 64 NAICS cells .
    • Boulder: 16 SIC non-government cells expanded to 23 NAICS cells.
    • Colorado Springs: 18 SIC non-government cells expanded to 29 NAICS cells.
  • New Broomfield County In Denver MSA
    • January 2003: Denver MSA has 6 counties.
    • Broomfield adds 20,800 positions to Denver MSA from Boulder MSA.
    • This change breaks series in both MSA’s.
  • Changes to Denver and Colorado Springs MSA’s in 2005
    • Denver MSA adds Clear Creek, Elbert, Gilpin, and Park Counties. This is an additional 1,511 businesses and 13,568 employment.
    • Colorado Springs MSA adds Teller County. This adds 674 establishments and 6,598 employees.
  • ? ? ? QUESTIONS?