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Textile Novel & Smart Fabrics


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    • 1. John Hardin, Ph.D . Acting Executive Director North Carolina Board of Science and Technology [email_address] Nanotechnology in North Carolina Assets, Activities, Challenges, and Opportunities Presented at the RTRP All-Cluster Network Meeting CED Entrepreneurship Center June 4, 2008
    • 2. Pop Quiz!!!
      • What does “nano” mean?
      • Is nanotechnology an industry?
      • How many companies in NC are currently known to be working with nanotechnology?
    • 3. Presentation Overview
      • What is nanotech*?
      • Why is nanotech important?
      • What are NC’s nanotech assets, activities, challenges, and opportunities?
      • *Throughout this presentation, “nanotechnology” will be abbreviated as “nanotech”
      For additional information about nanotech in NC, see:
    • 4.
      • Information clearinghouse about nanotechnology, particularly in NC
      • Since December 26 (five months):
        • More than 7,500 page views
        • More than 3,700 visits from 83 countries, 49 U.S. States, and 91 N.C. cities
    • 5. 1. What is nanotech?
    • 6. Nanotech Defined
      • Nano = Greek for “Dwarf”
      • Nano = “1 billionth”
      • Research and development at the atomic, molecular, or macromolecular levels, in the length scale of approximately 1-100 nanometer range . . .
      • . . . to create and use structures, devices and systems that have novel properties and functions because of their small and/or intermediate size
      • Nanotech involves purposeful imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this length scale
      Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative
    • 7.
      • Virtually all of science and engineering have converged to work at the nanoscale
      • Giving us unprecedented understanding and control of elemental phenomena such as intracellular processes, chemical reactions, and quantum mechanics
      • We now can build materials literally molecule-by-molecule , allowing us to harness previously inaccessible properties of matter
      Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative Nanotech Defined
    • 8. Understanding Size
      • How big (small) are we talking about?
    • 9.
      • 1 meter
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 10.
      • 10 centimeters
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 11.
      • 1 centimeter
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 12.
      • 1,000
      • Micrometers
      • ( µ m)
      • 1 mm
      • 1,000,000 nm
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 13.
      • 100
      • micrometers
      • ( µ m)
      • 0.1mm
      • 100,000 nm
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 14.
      • 10
      • micrometers
      • ( µ m)
      • 0.01 mm
      • 10,000 nm
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 15.
      • 1,000
      • Nanometers
      • 1
      • micrometer
      • ( µ m)
      • 0.001 mm
      Understanding Size source: CERN
    • 16.
      • 100
      • nanometers
      Understanding Size source: CERN source: CERN
    • 17.
      • 10
      • nanometers
      Understanding Size source: CERN source: CERN
    • 18.
      • 1 nanometer
      Understanding Size source: CERN source: CERN
    • 19. Size Matters
      • It’s not just how big you are; it’s what you can do with it
      • As things approach the nanoscale, new properties emerge due to size confinement and quantum phenomena
      • Specifically, nanotechnology will permit control of the following:
        • Structural properties (e.g. strength and ductility)
        • Electrical properties
        • Thermal properties
        • Magnetic properties
        • Optical properties
        • Catalytic properties
        • Biocompatibility
        • Friction
      Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative
    • 20. 2. Why is nanotech important?
    • 21. New Products, New Companies, & New Jobs Source: National Nanotechnology Initiative; NanoBusiness Alliance Textiles Novel & Smart Fabrics Medicine Diagnostics & Drug Delivery Machinery Materials & Coatings Environment Filtration & Purification Energy Catalysts & Converters Electronics Semiconductors & Switches
    • 22. Diverse products already incorporate nanotech Source: Lux Research
    • 23. Source: National Science Foundation Predicted Impact of Nanotech on the Global Economy
        • $340B materials
        • $300B electronics
        • $180B pharmaceuticals
        • $100B chemical manufacture
        • $70B aerospace
        • $45B sustainability
        • $30B improved healthcare
        • $20B tools
      • Market size predictions: $1 trillion over next 10-12 years
    • 24. Conventional Wisdom and Market Realities of Nanotech
    • 25. The Nanotech Value Chain Source: October 2004 Lux Research Report “Sizing Nanotechnology’s Value Chain”
    • 26. 3. What are NC’s nanotech assets, activities, challenges & opportunities?
    • 27. Roadmap Background and Goal
      • In spring 2005, NC’s Senior Science & Technology Advisor and its Board of Science and Technology formed the Governor’s Task Force on Nanotechnology and the Economy
      • Composed of 28 members broadly representing business, academia, and the public sector from across NC, its charge was to:
        • Develop a roadmap for an aggressive and coordinated initiative to advance successful nanotech-based economic development and high-wage employment across NC
    • 28. Roadmap Approach End Goal
      • Funding
      • Facilities & Equipment
      • Industry-University Nexus
      • Policies
      • Culture & Goals of Commercialization Organizations
      • Funding
      • K-16 Education System
      • Industry Training
      • Policies
      • Culture & Goals of Education/Training Organizations
      Education & Workforce Environment Public Leadership Public Understanding Public Leadership Public Understanding
      • Funding
      • Facilities & Equipment
      • Researchers
      • Policies
      • Culture & Goals of Research & Development Organizations
      Research & Development * * [Inputs] [Outputs] [1 st -Order Outcomes] Economic Development Technology Companies ( New & Enhanced) * [2 nd -Order Outcomes] Innovative Ideas Innovative Technologies
    • 29. RDU 8 th among U.S regions in university-based nanotech research; not predicable based on region’s size, economy, or strength of science base Sample Findings: R&D Patterns NC ranks in top 10 states in R&D funding from National Nanotech Initiative
    • 30. Nanotechnology in the U.S. South
      • Study focused on the potential of the U.S. South (13 states*) to develop a viable nanotech clusters
      • Ten indicators in four areas:
        • Knowledge generation
        • Human capital
        • R&D funding
        • Patenting
      Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer *Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina , Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, & West Virginia
    • 31. Findings:
      • Overall findings: Much of U.S. South has little potential to develop significant nanotech strengths, except for a few clusters:
        • Research Triangle Park, NC
        • Atlanta, GA
        • Oak Ridge, TN
        • Virginia
      • North Carolina, driven by RTP region, ranked the highest on all 10 indicators
      Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer
    • 32. Nanotech funding to NC universities increased 5-fold (conservative estimate) Sample Findings: R&D Trends
    • 33. NC universities are home to more than 30 organized R&D units focusing on nanotech Sample Findings: R&D Patterns Source: A Roadmap for Nanotechnology in North Carolina’s 21 st Century Economy
    • 34. NC has nearly 60 nanotech companies and a statewide distribution of high-tech clusters that will be highly impacted by nanotech Sample Findings: Commercial Approximately 50% of companies identified as working with nanotech were originally affiliated with local universities Source: A Roadmap for Nanotechnology in North Carolina’s 21 st Century Economy
    • 35. NC has a strong presence in several tech clusters that will be highly impacted by nanotech; nanotech could help grow weak clusters Sample Findings & Predictions: Commercial Source: Hardin and Harder(2003). Tracking Innovation: North Carolina Innovation Index.
    • 36. The Nanotech Value Chain Source: October 2004 Lux Research Report “Sizing Nanotechnology’s Value Chain”
    • 37. Alamac AccuFLEX Liquid Logic Alnis Amphora Asklêpios Centice Coventer Dotmetrics Expression Analysis Hydro-Flo INI Liquidia Materials Analytical Svc. MMFX Steel Nanolytics NanotechLabs Nextreme Optotrack QuarTek SolarAMP Umicore VF Corp Xintek Ziptronix Nanomaterials (14) Nanointermediates (12) Nano-Enabled Products (7) North Carolina Nanotech Value Chain LaamScience ProtoChips Sensory Analytics Pharm Agra Trimeris Chemsee, Inc ZellComp Hexatech Biomachines International Tech. Center Nanolume 3rdTech Nanotech Capital RTI Tiny Technology Micell MEMScap HPC Hydrosize Institutec Microphase Semiconductor Research Appealing Products Nanotools (15) Source: Gereffi, Frederick, & Ong (2007). Nanotechnology In North Carolina Presentation 3rd Tech
    • 38. Strengths & Weaknesses of NC to form Nanotech Clusters
      • Strengths
        • Established emphasis on enabling technology industries: biotech & info tech
        • Existing manufacturing base
        • Strong university infrastructure
        • Local support (government)
      • Weaknesses
        • Lack of strong linkages to critical U.S. centers in California and Northeast
        • Not fully capitalizing access to strong research universities and centers
        • Smaller regional capital pools and limited private R&D
      Source: Youtie & Shapira (2008). Forthcoming in The Journal of Technology Transfer
    • 39. Challenges & Opportunities
      • Lack of access to early-stage capital , especially for companies in the research phase
      • Lack of access to university equipment & facilities , especially for companies involved in nanotech research
      • NC university nanotech programs do not have significant industry collaborations
      Source: Bozeman, Hardin, & Link (2007). Presentation at the 2007 Tech Transfer Society Conference. Research paper forthcoming in Economics of Innovation and New Technologies, 2008.
    • 40. Sample Findings: Public Understanding & Leadership
      • 2004 national survey found that Americans hold a generally positive view of nanotech and believe potential benefits outweigh potential risks
      • But more than 80% of those surveyed indicated they had heard “little” or “nothing” about nanotech, and most could not correctly answer factual questions about it
      • NC companies using nanotechnology feel strongly that public understanding of and public leadership support is critical for successful development of nanotechnology businesses
      • To date, nanotech has received limited attention by the public, policy makers, and the media in NC
      Source: Cobb and Macoubrie, 2004
    • 41. Conclusion
      • Nanotech will have profound and widespread impacts on society and the economy
      • NC is strong overall in nanotech (particularly university R&D) but needs to strengthen certain weaker linkages and areas (industry R&D, commercialization, and workforce development)
      • To successfully grow nanotech-based clusters, NC will increasingly need to incorporate nanotech into its economic development strategies
      • NC’s Nanotech Roadmap outlines critical steps for advancing nanotech in NC