Sustainable development in textile finishing TNO Centre for Textile Research Anton Luiken P.O. Box 337,  NL-7500 AH Ensche...
General <ul><li>TNO: Applied Scientific Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5000 employees; turnover 450 M Euro (25% abroad) </...
TNO Centre for Textile Research <ul><li>Located in Enschede </li></ul><ul><li>25 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Exp...
Process innovation <ul><li>Aim: development of sustainable textile finishing processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>conservation ...
Towards sustainable processes <ul><li>Enzymatic treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-t...
Water management <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of water use in processes (l/kg) </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Energy conservation <ul><li>National program on energy reduction </li></ul><ul><li>1990-2000: 20% energy reduction realise...
Textile recycling <ul><li>Introducing principles of cascading in textiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fibre consump...
Strategy FP6 <ul><li>Development of sustainable processes by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process integration  </li></ul></ul><ul...
Implications for workwear <ul><li>Sustainable production of fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Improved durability (nano-technology...
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Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing

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Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing

  1. 1. Sustainable development in textile finishing TNO Centre for Textile Research Anton Luiken P.O. Box 337, NL-7500 AH Enschede E-mail a.luiken@ind.tno.nl Multi stakeholder dialogue
  2. 2. General <ul><li>TNO: Applied Scientific Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5000 employees; turnover 450 M Euro (25% abroad) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D on nutrition, construction, health, environment, defence, policy studies, a.s.o. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TNO Industrial Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 employees, located in Eindhoven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LCA, end of life strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production development </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. TNO Centre for Textile Research <ul><li>Located in Enschede </li></ul><ul><li>25 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Expertex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise centre for textile research and education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Member of Textranet (www.textranet.org) </li></ul><ul><li>R&D-topics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functional textiles (dynamic properties, comfort) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>quality, performance, durability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Process innovation <ul><li>Aim: development of sustainable textile finishing processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>conservation of water, chemicals and energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved durability of textiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved functionality </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Towards sustainable processes <ul><li>Enzymatic treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-treatment of cotton (FP5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bio-scouring, bio-bleaching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bio-finishing (cellulase) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50% reduction of energy consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>75% reduction of chemical consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40% reduction of water consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved durability </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Water management <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of water use in processes (l/kg) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste water treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse of selected streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing the water loop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of water management tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation on quality of waste water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation of environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Craft and national funded project </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Energy conservation <ul><li>National program on energy reduction </li></ul><ul><li>1990-2000: 20% energy reduction realised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>good house keeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>better understanding of processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>user groups; bench marking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2001-2010: another 20% energy reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use of renewable energy sources </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Textile recycling <ul><li>Introducing principles of cascading in textiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fibre consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>optimising actual and technical life time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identitex (Craft): automated identification and sorting of textile waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improved quality, so better options for reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reprotex (Craft, in preparation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>finishing and product development using recycled fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aiming at high added value </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Strategy FP6 <ul><li>Development of sustainable processes by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fixation, washing and drying operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>integrated water and energy recovery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of environment friendly chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>enzymes, catalysts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bio-chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled application technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ink jet, plasma, foam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced washing and drying processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CO2?, airless drying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved process control </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Implications for workwear <ul><li>Sustainable production of fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Improved durability (nano-technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalities will increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>smart textiles, dynamic properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher comfort level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Care will be easier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self cleaning fabrics? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-operation between all stake-holders in textile chain needed in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>FP6 offers good opportunities; TNO will help </li></ul>
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