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Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
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Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing

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  • 1. Sustainable development in textile finishing TNO Centre for Textile Research Anton Luiken P.O. Box 337, NL-7500 AH Enschede E-mail a.luiken@ind.tno.nl Multi stakeholder dialogue
  • 2. General <ul><li>TNO: Applied Scientific Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5000 employees; turnover 450 M Euro (25% abroad) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D on nutrition, construction, health, environment, defence, policy studies, a.s.o. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TNO Industrial Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 employees, located in Eindhoven </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LCA, end of life strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production development </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. TNO Centre for Textile Research <ul><li>Located in Enschede </li></ul><ul><li>25 employees </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Expertex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise centre for textile research and education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Member of Textranet (www.textranet.org) </li></ul><ul><li>R&D-topics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functional textiles (dynamic properties, comfort) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>quality, performance, durability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Process innovation <ul><li>Aim: development of sustainable textile finishing processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>conservation of water, chemicals and energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved durability of textiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved functionality </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Towards sustainable processes <ul><li>Enzymatic treatments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desizing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-treatment of cotton (FP5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bio-scouring, bio-bleaching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bio-finishing (cellulase) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50% reduction of energy consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>75% reduction of chemical consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40% reduction of water consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved durability </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Water management <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of water use in processes (l/kg) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste water treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse of selected streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing the water loop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development of water management tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation on quality of waste water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculation of environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Craft and national funded project </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. Energy conservation <ul><li>National program on energy reduction </li></ul><ul><li>1990-2000: 20% energy reduction realised </li></ul><ul><ul><li>good house keeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>better understanding of processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>user groups; bench marking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2001-2010: another 20% energy reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use of renewable energy sources </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Textile recycling <ul><li>Introducing principles of cascading in textiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fibre consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>optimising actual and technical life time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identitex (Craft): automated identification and sorting of textile waste </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improved quality, so better options for reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reprotex (Craft, in preparation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>finishing and product development using recycled fibres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>aiming at high added value </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 9. Strategy FP6 <ul><li>Development of sustainable processes by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>reduction of fixation, washing and drying operations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>integrated water and energy recovery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of environment friendly chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>enzymes, catalysts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bio-chemicals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled application technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ink jet, plasma, foam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced washing and drying processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CO2?, airless drying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved process control </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Implications for workwear <ul><li>Sustainable production of fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Improved durability (nano-technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalities will increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>smart textiles, dynamic properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher comfort level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Care will be easier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self cleaning fabrics? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-operation between all stake-holders in textile chain needed in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>FP6 offers good opportunities; TNO will help </li></ul>

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