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Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing
 

Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing

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    Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing Sustainable Development In Textile Finishing Presentation Transcript

    • Sustainable development in textile finishing TNO Centre for Textile Research Anton Luiken P.O. Box 337, NL-7500 AH Enschede E-mail a.luiken@ind.tno.nl Multi stakeholder dialogue
    • General
      • TNO: Applied Scientific Research
        • 5000 employees; turnover 450 M Euro (25% abroad)
        • R&D on nutrition, construction, health, environment, defence, policy studies, a.s.o.
      • TNO Industrial Technology
        • 500 employees, located in Eindhoven
        • Materials development
        • Product development
          • LCA, end of life strategies
        • Process development
        • Production development
    • TNO Centre for Textile Research
      • Located in Enschede
      • 25 employees
      • Member of Expertex
        • Expertise centre for textile research and education
      • Member of Textranet (www.textranet.org)
      • R&D-topics
        • Process innovation
        • Product development
          • Functional textiles (dynamic properties, comfort)
        • Testing
          • quality, performance, durability
    • Process innovation
      • Aim: development of sustainable textile finishing processes
        • conservation of water, chemicals and energy
        • improved durability of textiles
        • improved functionality
    • Towards sustainable processes
      • Enzymatic treatments
        • Desizing
        • Pre-treatment of cotton (FP5)
          • Bio-scouring, bio-bleaching
        • Bio-finishing (cellulase)
      • Environmental benefits
        • 50% reduction of energy consumption
        • 75% reduction of chemical consumption
        • 40% reduction of water consumption
      • Product benefits
        • Better hand
        • Improved durability
    • Water management
      • Activities
        • Reduction of water use in processes (l/kg)
        • Process water quality
        • Waste water treatment
        • Reuse of selected streams
        • Closing the water loop
      • Development of water management tool
        • Calculation on quality of waste water
        • Calculation of environmental impact
        • Scenario studies
          • Craft and national funded project
    • Energy conservation
      • National program on energy reduction
      • 1990-2000: 20% energy reduction realised
        • good house keeping
        • better understanding of processes
          • user groups; bench marking
        • improved equipment
      • 2001-2010: another 20% energy reduction
        • sustainable processes
        • use of renewable energy sources
    • Textile recycling
      • Introducing principles of cascading in textiles
        • reduction of fibre consumption
        • optimising actual and technical life time
      • Identitex (Craft): automated identification and sorting of textile waste
        • improved quality, so better options for reuse
      • Reprotex (Craft, in preparation)
        • finishing and product development using recycled fibres
          • aiming at high added value
    • Strategy FP6
      • Development of sustainable processes by
        • Process integration
          • reduction of fixation, washing and drying operations
          • integrated water and energy recovery
        • Use of environment friendly chemicals
          • enzymes, catalysts
          • bio-chemicals
        • Controlled application technology
          • ink jet, plasma, foam
        • Advanced washing and drying processes
          • CO2?, airless drying
        • Improved process control
    • Implications for workwear
      • Sustainable production of fabrics
      • Improved durability (nano-technology)
      • Functionalities will increase
        • smart textiles, dynamic properties
        • higher comfort level
      • Care will be easier
        • self cleaning fabrics?
      • Co-operation between all stake-holders in textile chain needed in R&D
      • FP6 offers good opportunities; TNO will help