Polymers from renewable raw materials will become important
Current examples like
PHA (polyhydroxyalkanoate) grown in genetically modified corn plant leaves
PLA (polylactide) produced by the fermentation of sugars extracted from plants
PHB (polyhydroxybutyrate) produced by bacteria.
New synthesis methods of old polymers like PA11 will be established : example PA11 derived from castor plant–based renewable resources
Extreme mechanical properties
Protein polymers are synthetic proteins created "from scratch" through chemical DNA (gene) synthesis, and produced in quantity by traditional large-scale microbial fermentation methods
Through genetic engineering, it will be possible to tailor the physical structure and biological characteristics of protein polymers to achieve required properties
Due to their synthetic design, protein polymers are capable of combining the biological functionality of natural proteins with the chemical functionality and exceptional physical properties of synthetic polymers
It used to solidify the metal melt by ultra high cooling rate to obtain a thin band with a thickness of 0.01 to 0.1 mm. When the cooling rate is larger than 10 6 K/s, the metal band will have a non-crystalline structure which is named “amorphous” or “metallic glass”.
Zr 41.2 Ti 13.8 Ni 10 Cu 12.5 Be 22.5 as one of the current alloys – development of alloys is proceeding fast