Slang of the 20th Century: From Flappers to Rappers (From Tom Dalzell’s Book) Alan D. DeSantis
Some Opening Notes: <ul><li>A) Slang changes quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% retention rate every 10 years (Eble, 1987) ...
Some Opening Notes: <ul><li>E) Why is slang used? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) It  conceals  meaning from parents  </li></ul><...
Let’s Test Your  Knowledge of Slang <ul><li>Use the open spaces in your workbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or number your pape...
I. From 1900-1919 <ul><li>Before the end of WWI  (1919)  there was little use of slang </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why : Mass me...
I. From 1900-1919 <ul><li>1)  23 Skidoo  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three meanings : OK, Good, See You Later </li></ul></ul><ul...
II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz <ul><li>1920s captured by F. Scott Fitzgerald </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Times were good an...
II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz <ul><li>2) Half-cut, fried, jammed, juiced, pie-eyed, polluted, plastered, shot, tanke...
III. 1940s: From the War to Babies   <ul><li>1941-45 saw WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much slang was based on male war inter...
III. 1940s: From the War to Babies <ul><li>5) Drooly, pappy, swoony, BTO, PC,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An attractive man  (b...
IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat <ul><li>1950s were “ Happy Days, ” at least on the surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But there we...
IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat <ul><li>8) Bad news, beast, bomb, hack, kemp, wedge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars & Hot Rods (ma...
V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope <ul><li>Breaking away from the  conservative 50s </li></ul><ul><li>Rock Peaked :  </li></ul><...
V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope <ul><li>11) Barf, blow, beets, flash, heave, ralph,  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To get sick </li><...
VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave <ul><li>70s and 80s share a lot in common </li></ul><ul><li>Politically inactive, pop...
VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave <ul><li>14) Boff, boink, grind, do the nasty, deed, or wild thing </li></ul><ul><ul><...
VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation <ul><li>Times have been good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong economy, no world wars, high col...
VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation <ul><li>17) Biscuit, burner, heater, joint, steel, toast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guns </li><...
Some Extra Credit Hip-Hop Digits <ul><li>10, 1555, 186(7), 40, 808 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 :  Mac 10;  </li></ul></ul><ul...
How did you do on the test? <ul><li>All 21 right  = You are a “ bad   mother ” </li></ul><ul><li>More than 15 right  = You...
Closing Thoughts <ul><li>A) Many words are cyclical and reincarnated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1930’s gave us: </li></ul></ul>...
Closing Thoughts <ul><li>B. Every generation “slangs” the same  8  things </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1)  girls/guys  </li></ul>...
Closing Thoughts <ul><li>C. What causes “slang” to change? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer :  When mainstream America starts usin...
Later Dudes!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Slang Of The 20th Century

8,944
-1

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
8,944
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
54
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Slang Of The 20th Century

  1. 1. Slang of the 20th Century: From Flappers to Rappers (From Tom Dalzell’s Book) Alan D. DeSantis
  2. 2. Some Opening Notes: <ul><li>A) Slang changes quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% retention rate every 10 years (Eble, 1987) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B) But slang is reincarnated over and over again </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The same terms are seen every generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often w/ different meanings (drag, fat, bimbo) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C) Used almost exclusively by the young </li></ul><ul><li>D) Every generation “ slangs ” what is important to them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studying their slang is a way to understand a generation </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Some Opening Notes: <ul><li>E) Why is slang used? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) It conceals meaning from parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But do kids use slang in front of them? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) It identifies you as part of the tribe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) It defies authority (talking like a rebel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4) It makes one feel special & important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5) It excludes other peer groups </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Let’s Test Your Knowledge of Slang <ul><li>Use the open spaces in your workbook </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Or number your paper from 1 through 21. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For each question, give me your best guess . </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of class, we will award the Championship to the “Hippest Cat!” </li></ul><ul><li>No Cheating!! </li></ul>
  5. 5. I. From 1900-1919 <ul><li>Before the end of WWI (1919) there was little use of slang </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why : Mass media was not a “national” phenomenon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terms could not be shared or spread by the youth culture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>College students used slang “locally” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At UK, we have : Ho, POT, the Keys </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But there was one NATIONAL exception . . . </li></ul>
  6. 6. I. From 1900-1919 <ul><li>1) 23 Skidoo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three meanings : OK, Good, See You Later </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was the 1st National Slang Term (1905) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz <ul><li>1920s captured by F. Scott Fitzgerald </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Times were good and decadent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The early 30s were depression years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Times were tough </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The late 30s were swing and big-band jazz ( the gangster rap of the age) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong slang influence from blacks culture </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. II. 1920-30s: From Flappers to Jazz <ul><li>2) Half-cut, fried, jammed, juiced, pie-eyed, polluted, plastered, shot, tanked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drunk (most popular reference of the age) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3) Bat, brawl, buzz, rag, toot, wrestle, egg harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A dance party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4) 5 Things : Gob stick, dog house, gobble pipe, skins, git box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments : clarinet, bass, sax, drums, guitar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you got all 3, you are swanky or tasty </li></ul>
  9. 9. III. 1940s: From the War to Babies <ul><li>1941-45 saw WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much slang was based on male war interactions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After the war, America experience good times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Happy Days Are Here Again ” #1 Song </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They seemed to name everything </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not many stayed around </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. III. 1940s: From the War to Babies <ul><li>5) Drooly, pappy, swoony, BTO, PC, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An attractive man (big-time operator, prince charming) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6) 5 Things : Moss, blinkers, flops, schnozz, pillars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Body Parts : Hair, eyes, ears, nose, legs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7) Fatal pill, go-away kiss, lead pill, check out, blotto, in the drink </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WWII Terms : Bullets and dying </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you got these 3, you are a real hep cat (most popular term) </li></ul>
  11. 11. IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat <ul><li>1950s were “ Happy Days, ” at least on the surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But there were always Fonzies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Young were restless (rejection of parents) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salinger’s Catcher , Brando’s Wild One , Dean’s Rebel , & Elvis’ Jailhouse Rock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Beatnick movement also exploded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wore black, drank coffee, & read poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms : Hipster, like, daddy-o, cat, & dig </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. IV. 1950s: From Cool to Beat <ul><li>8) Bad news, beast, bomb, hack, kemp, wedge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars & Hot Rods (many terms) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9) Cut the grass, don’t tense, fade out, get bent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insults : Shut up, take it easy, disappear, I hate you </li></ul></ul><ul><li>10) Squaresville, deadsville, dullsville </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A bad place to be </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you got all 3, you are cool (#1), creamy , fat , mad , hairy </li></ul>
  13. 13. V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope <ul><li>Breaking away from the conservative 50s </li></ul><ul><li>Rock Peaked : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motown, British Invasion, Acid Rock, Hippie Rock, folk, & Woodstock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It was the most politically active & individually expressive decade of the Century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Vietnam, Feminism, Civil Rights, Free Love, Free Speech, Black Power, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. V. 1960’s: From Surf to Dope <ul><li>11) Barf, blow, beets, flash, heave, ralph, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To get sick </li></ul></ul><ul><li>12) Category : Hang ten, stoked, bitchin, dude, bro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surf Terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>13) Reefer, gage, mary jane, spliff, jay, doobie, roach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marijuana </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you got all 3, you’re bad , boss , freak , suave </li></ul>
  15. 15. VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave <ul><li>70s and 80s share a lot in common </li></ul><ul><li>Politically inactive, pop-culture driven, no wars, no meaningful direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called the “Me Generation” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Really big with 1 or 2 word exclamations!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic! ( right ) Be real!, Bite me!, Cool Beans!, Eat me!, Go for it! H0! ( great ), Heard that!, Not! </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. VI. 1970-80s: From Disco to New Wave <ul><li>14) Boff, boink, grind, do the nasty, deed, or wild thing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul></ul><ul><li>15) To chill, hang, veg, jell, kick it, ease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To do nothing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>16) Category : Fer sure, Tscha, grody, totally, to the max </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valley girl : “Gag me with a spoon” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you missed these, you are beat , gnarly , harsh , heinous </li></ul>
  17. 17. VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation <ul><li>Times have been good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong economy, no world wars, high college rates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Major Influences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pop culture (TV & Movies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers/Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hip Hop </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. VII. 1990-2000: Your Generation <ul><li>17) Biscuit, burner, heater, joint, steel, toast </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>18) Category : Later, Peace Out, “ How you doin’ ,” “ Wha’s up ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greetings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19) Bones, Franklins, G’s, jacks, yard, clout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul></ul><ul><li>20) Break, bust, chat, comp, freestyle, kick, rip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rap or sing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>21) Been there, done that; outta my way man; cowabunga; hurl; take a pill; babe-osity; Not!; schwing; party on! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bart & Wayne (pop culture icons) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you got all 5, you are “ Phat,” “Tight,” or “the Bomb” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Some Extra Credit Hip-Hop Digits <ul><li>10, 1555, 186(7), 40, 808 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 : Mac 10; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1555 : The year the first slaveships arrived in America; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>186 or (7) : Police term for a homicide. To be on the lookout for someone who is trying to kill you; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 : 1) a 40-ounce bottle of malt liquor or 2) a 40 caliber gun; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>808 : 1) The bass drum from a Roland TR-808 drum machine, which is now a popular sample and 2) the penal code for disturbing the peace. Refers to the sound of bass from stereos. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you answered 3 of 5, give yourself 1 extra point </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. How did you do on the test? <ul><li>All 21 right = You are a “ bad mother ” </li></ul><ul><li>More than 15 right = You are the “ mac daddy ” </li></ul><ul><li>More than 10 right = You are “ lame-o ” </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 5 right = You are “ totally bogus ” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Closing Thoughts <ul><li>A) Many words are cyclical and reincarnated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1930’s gave us: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suck, sweet, mellow, not! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1940’s gave us: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brutal, cap, fly, scrub, tasty, groovy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1950’s gave us: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clue, hang, kill, nerd, trip, turn on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All have been reincarnated at least 3 times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus, each generation is not as innovative as they think </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Closing Thoughts <ul><li>B. Every generation “slangs” the same 8 things </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) girls/guys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In 1737, Ben Franklin counted 228 terms for drunkenness (1st slang list) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) greetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4) sex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5) popular people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6) unpopular people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7) money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8) homosexuals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are these the most important topics for the young? </li></ul><ul><li>Looks like you, your parents, & your grandparents were not that different after all </li></ul>
  23. 23. Closing Thoughts <ul><li>C. What causes “slang” to change? </li></ul><ul><li>Answer : When mainstream America starts using it! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why Hip-Hop vocabulary changes so quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>D. Slang is here to stay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And NO , you will not understand the next generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isn’t that the point of slang?! </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Later Dudes!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×