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Secp Lead Hazards Ab
 

Secp Lead Hazards Ab

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    Secp Lead Hazards Ab Secp Lead Hazards Ab Presentation Transcript

    • Lead-Based Paint Investigations Andrew Burgie, MS Center for Occupational & Environmental Health at Hunter College
    • Lead-Based Paint: Course Overview
      • What is Lead-Based Paint?
      • Why is it Toxic?
      • When is it Hazardous?
      • What Laws Govern Lead-Based Paint?
      • Recognizing, Evaluating, and Controlling Hazardous Lead Environments?
      • Questions and Discussion
    • What is Lead-Based Paint?
    • Definition of Lead-Based Paint
      • Paint with lead levels that are:
      • > 1.0 milligram per square centimeter
        • > 1.0 mg/cm 2
      • >0.5% by weight
      U.S. Department of Housing & Urban Development Note: If yellow box = 1 cm 2 , 1 mg. or more of lead found in chip would be above legal lead limit
    • Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
      • OSHA (1970) - Employer provides a “safe and healthy” workplace. Employee abides by employer rules concerning same.
      • OSHA Lead Standards in Industry:
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1025 – General
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.62 – Construction
      • OSHA 29 CFR 1915.1025 – Maritime
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
      • TSCA (1976) - Toxic Substances Control Act - Manufacturers and importers of chemicals required to include info about health and environmental effects of those chemicals
      • EPA Lead Standards:
      • Title 15 Chapter 53 (Subchapter IV – lead exposure reduction)
    • Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD)
      • HUD (1965) - Housing and Urban Development Act - Mission is to guarantee a decent , safe , and sanitary home and suitable living environment for every American
      • HUD Lead Standards:
      • Title X – Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992: ( Section 1018 – Disclosure of Lead-Based Paint)
    • When is Lead-Based Paint Toxic?
    • Lead Facts: Routes of Entry
      • Lead can be inhaled in the form of dust
      • Lead can be ingested in the form of paint chips, soil contaminated with lead, toys or other objects covered with lead dust, tainted drinking water
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Lead Facts: Health Effects
      • Both adults and children can get lead poisoning depending on the concentration
      • Children are more susceptible because:
        • Children’s brains and nervous system are more sensitive to damaging effects of lead
        • Children’s growing bodies absorb more lead
        • Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths which may have lead dust on them
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Lead Facts: Health Effects
      • Children with high lead levels can experience:
        • Damage to brain and nervous system
        • Behavior and learning problems (hyperactivity)
        • Slowed growth
        • Hearing problems
        • Headaches
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Lead Facts: Health Effects
      • Blood tests for children are recommended:
        • At ages 1 and 2
        • If exposure to high levels of lead has occurred
        • If local health screening plan requires it
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Lead Facts: Health Effects
      • Adults can suffer from:
        • Difficulties during pregnancy
        • Other reproductive problems (men & women)
        • High blood pressure
        • Digestive problems
        • Nerve disorders
        • Memory and concentration problems
        • Muscle and joint pain
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
      • SECTION I - Identification Data
      • SECTION II - Hazardous Ingredients Data
      • SECTION III - Physical & Chemical Characteristics Data
      • SECTION IV - Fire & Explosion Data
      • SECTION V - Reactivity Data
      • SECTION VI - Health Hazards Data
      • SECTION VII - Special Handling Information (Spill, Leak, Disposal)
      • SECTION VIII - Control Measures (Ventilation, PPE)
      • SECTION IX - Special Precautions & Additional Information
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • I - Identification
      • Product Name (As appears on label): LEDIZOLV ®
      • CAS Registry Number: Not Applicable
      • Effective Date: January 8, 2001
      • Chemical Family: Anionic Liquid Detergent
      • II - Hazardous Ingredients / Identity Information
      • There are no hazardous ingredients in LEDIZOLV as defined by the OSHA Standard and Hazardous Substance List 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z. Contains no Canadian WHMIS controlled substances.
      http://www.ledizolv.com/LearnAbout/LedizolvMSDS/LszMSDS.asp
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • III - Physical / Chemical Characteristics
      • Boiling Point (F): 220 degrees F
      • Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): N/A
      • Vapor Density (AIR=1): N/A
      • Specific Gravity : 1.080
      • Melting Point: N/A
      • Evaporation Rate (Butyl Acetate=1): N/A
      • Solubility in Water : Completely soluble in all proportions.
      • Appearance and Odor : Amber liquid - nearly odorless.
      • IV - Fire and Explosion Data
      • Flash Point (Method Used): None (Open cup)
      • Flammable Limits: LEL, N/S ; UEL N/A
      • Extinguishing Media : Water, dry chemical, CO2, foam
      • Special Firefighting Procedures: Self-contained positive pressure breathing apparatus and protective clothing should be worn in fighting fires involving chemicals.
      • Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: None
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • V - Reactivity Data
      • Stability : Stable
      • Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
      • Incompatibility (materials to avoid): None
      • Hazardous Decomposition or By-products: May release ammonia, carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide on burning.
      • VI - Health Hazard Data
      • Route(s) of Entry : Inhalation? No; Skin? No, except for open cuts or abrasions; Ingestion? Yes
      • Health Hazards (Acute and Chronic): Material may cause eye irritation and/or burns. May cause skin irritation.
      • Carcinogenicity : NTP? No; IARC Monographs? No; OSHA Regulated? No
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • VI - Health Hazard Data (continued)
      • Signs and Symptoms of Exposure : Material may prove locally irritating. Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure Not Established. Unnecessary exposure to this product or any industrial chemical should be avoided. Pre-existing skin conditions may be aggravated by exposure.
      • Emergency and First Aid Procedures : Eyes-Immediately flush eyes with water for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician. Skin-Flush with plenty of water. Ingestion-Drink large quantities of water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs re-administer fluids. See a physician.
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • VII - Precautions for Safe Handling and Use
      • Steps to be taken if Material is Released or Spilled : For small spills recover as much as possible to flush remainder to sewer. Large spills should be disposed of according to local regulations. Material is biodegradable.
      • Waste Disposal Method : Small quantities may be disposed of in sewer. Large quantities should be disposed of in accordance with local ordinances for non-hazardous detergent products. Precautions to be Taken in Storing and Handling: No special precautions in storing. Use protective equipment when handling undiluted material.
      • Other Precautions : Avoid splashing and spraying undiluted material. No other special requirements other than the good industrial hygiene and safety practices employed with any industrial chemical.
    • Ledizolv MSDS (OPTIONAL) Material Safety Data Sheet
      • VIII - Control Measures
      • Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): Not required.
      • Ventilation : Local Exhaust – Normal
      • Special - Not Required
      • Mechanical - Not Required
      • Other - Not Required
      • Protective Gloves : Impervious gloves are recommended.
      • Eye Protection : Goggles and/or splash shields are recommended.
      • Other Protective Clothing or Equipment : Eye wash station should be available.
      • Work/Hygienic Practices : Wash hands before eating, drinking or smoking. The information herein is given in good faith but no warranty is expressed or implied.
    • When is Lead-Based Paint Hazardous?
    • Factors Impacting Lead Hazard
      • Building Age – Buildings built and painted before 1978, the year that lead was removed from household paint
      • Paint Condition – Poor quality paint that is chipping, peeling, cracking, pulverizing
      • Presence of Young Children – Children between the ages of 6 months and seven years old are susceptible due to their developing bodies, and desire to put objects in mouth
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Factors Impacting Lead Hazard
      • Friction Surfaces – Surfaces that get a lot of wear-and-tear such as
        • Windows and window sills
        • Doors and door frames
        • Stairs, railings, banisters, and porches
      • Renovations – Surfaces that are disturbed
        • Outdoor paint in soil
        • Indoor paint chips/ dust on floor
      • Old Pipes – Drinking water that runs through old water pipes with lead solder
        • Residential
        • City
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Lead-Based Paint Legislation
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Lead Standards
      • Lead Dust –
        • <40 micrograms per square foot (ug/ft 2 ) – floors
        • <250 ug/ft 2 - interior window sills
      • Lead in Soil –
        • <400 parts per million (ppm) – play areas of bare soil
        • <1,200 ppm (average) - bare soil in remainder of yard
      • Lead in Water –
        • 15 micrograms per liter (ug/L) – drinking water
    • Recognizing Lead-Based Paint Hazards
    • Recognizing Lead Hazards
      • Building Age – Buildings built/painted before 1978
      • Paint Condition – Poor quality paint that is chipping, peeling, cracking, pulverizing
      • Friction Surfaces – Surfaces that get a lot of wear-and-tear such as windows, doors, stairs, etc.
      • Renovations – Painted surfaces that are disturbed
      • Old Pipes – Drinking water may be impacted
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Evaluating Lead-Based Paint Hazards
    • Evaluating Lead Hazards
      • Paint Inspection – Quantifies lead content of every different type of painted surface in home
      • Risk Assessment – Quantifies impact of lead based paint found in home on your health and how to address the hazards found through use of:
        • Visual inspection of paint condition and location
        • A portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) machine
        • Lab tests of paint, dust, and soil samples (AAS)
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Controlling Lead-Based Paint Hazards
    • Controlling Lead Hazards (Adults)
      • Notify Landlord of paint in poor condition
      • Clean up paint chips immediately
      • Clean floors, window frames, window sills and other surfaces weekly (mop/sponge/warm water/general all-purpose cleaner or lead cleaner)
      • Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop heads after cleaning problem areas
      • Wash children’s hands often (especially before eating, naps, and bedtime
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Controlling Lead Hazards (Adults)
      • Keep play areas clean (and toys or other easily accessible objects)
      • Clean or remove shoes before entering home to avoid tracking in lead from soil
      • Prevent children from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces
      • Make sure children eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Controlling Lead Hazard (Adults)
      • Repair damaged painted surfaces
        • Have area tested for lead-based paint
        • Do not use dry or hot abrasive methods to prevent dust and fume generation
        • Temporarily move your family or completely seal work area
        • Follow other safety measures prescribed in “Reducing Lead Hazards When Remodeling Your Home” at 1-800-424-LEAD
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Controlling Lead Hazard (Adults)
      • Plant grass to cover soil with high lead levels or plant “barrier” foliage
      • Hire a certified lead “abatement” contractor to permanently eliminate hazard (removing, sealing, or encapsulation with special materials.
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Controlling Lead Hazard (Kids)
      • Notify Parent of paint in poor condition
      • Help keep play areas clean (and toys or other easily accessible objects) for siblings
      • Prevent sibling from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces
      • Make sure siblings eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    • Questions & Comments
    • CONCLUSION
      • www.osha.gov - OSHA WEBSITE
      • www.epa.gov - EPA WEBSITE
      • www.cdc.gov/niosh - NIOSH WEBSITE
      • www.hud.gov - HUD WEBSITE
      • _____________________________________
      • ANDREW BURGIE, M.S.
      • Center for Occupational and Environmental Health at Hunter College
      • (212) 481-7652