Rollovers are the leading cause of fatal farm injuries in Canada!
Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types Hazard Type Description 1. Pinch Point Areas where moving parts close together 2. Entanglement Components that catch clothing, arms, or legs and wrap around or pull you in. 3. Sharp Edges Blades that cut or shear 4. Crush Point Components that close together trapping a hand, arm, foot or leg. 5. Visibility Due to obstructions observed on the machine
Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types (Continued) Hazard Type Description 6. Thrown Objects Machine components that pick and throw objects with great force for some distance 7. Energy Release Energy that can be released suddenly or not controlled 8. Falling Caused by slippery, cluttered surfaces, riding on machines 9. Speed Highway or field travel may cause hazards 10. Work Environment Extremes of heat and cold or environmental quality that affects the operator
Hazard Recognition and Hazard Types (Continued) Hazard Type Description 11. Cumulative Trauma Noise, vibration, and repetitive motion that causes nerve and muscle damage 12. Chemicals Liquids and gases used on machines that can be harmful 13. Run Over Machines can run over and crush people beneath them 14. Roll Over Tractors or other machines when pushed to their limits can overturn onto the operator
Rollovers, the leading cause of fatal accidents on the farm!
understand the consequences of hazards
known how to avoid hazards
“ By practicing hazards recognition, injuries and illnesses can be avoided”
Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents Rollover results from: - steep sloping terrain - unstable ground - excessive load on the hitch 1. To minimized injuries on a rollover - use seat belts - use rollover protection bars 2 . On a curve or slope - avoid high speed * stability of the tractor may be lost.
Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 3. Avoid ditches, embankments, and deep holes 4. Maintain a “ no seat, no rider” policy
Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 5. Rollover & runover are the most causes of serious accidents on the farm -Avoid sudden moves * starts * stops * jerky turns -Be alert of the surroundings 6. Use caution when driving on Public Roads - Be alert of the traffic - Be courteous and defensive - On the machine * Use slow moving vehicle emblems
Guidelines to Minimize Tractor Accidents (Continued) 7. Hitch to the drawbar and hitch points: - hitching above the normal drawbar * tractor may tip over backwards 8. When a tractor is stopped: - brakes must be set securely - the park lock should be used
Day and Night Warning Signals * Day Travel - Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem - Reflectors - Flags * Night Travel - Head Lamps - Warning Lamps - Tail Lamps - Turning Signals
Work-related farm fatalities involving tractors by mechanism (1990-1996) Mechanism Number of Deaths Runovers 79 Unspecified rollovers 67 Sideways rollover 40 Backward rollover 39 Pinned or struck by machine 32 Motor vehicle collision 29 Fall from a tractor 11 Entanglement 9 Other 14 Total 320
Hoses and other Equipment Hoses are the weakest links in the ammonia handling system - Check hoses carefully before each use Carry the hose by the valve body or coupling - reduces the chance of opening the valve by accident Maintain break away couplers in good condition - they provide protection if the equipment separates by accident
AA Tank Holder 85% fill bleeder valve should be open - to check the liquid level when filling Fill only to the 85% level of capacity of the tank AA tanks should be painted white - to prevent rusting - to keep inside pressure and temperature down in warm weather
AA wagons towed on a public road must be equipped with vehicle emblems