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Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
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Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra

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    • 1. US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration
    • 2. CROSS-BORDER ABC’S <ul><li>22 RAIL CROSSINGS </li></ul><ul><li>- TOP 6 ACCOUNT FOR 90% OF TRAFFIC </li></ul><ul><li>14 RAILROADS </li></ul><ul><li>- 6 MAJOR US AND CANADIAN RR’S </li></ul><ul><li>- CN (inc. GTW) CP (inc. Soo, D&H ) </li></ul><ul><li>- UP, BNSF, CSX, NS </li></ul>
    • 3. US/CANADA RAIL CROSSINGS
    • 4. 2003 RAIL CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 58.1 Subtotal 64.8 Total, All Crossings 2.1 Blaine WA 2.7 Portal ND 4.6 Int’l Falls/Ranier MN 9.1 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 16.7 Detroit MI 22.9 Port Huron MI Value (Billion $US) Crossings
    • 5. 2003 TRUCK CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 240.9 ALL CROSSINGS 198.7 SUBTOTAL 9.9 Blaine WA 10.0 Alexandria Bay NY 12.7 Champlain/Rouses Pt. NY 35.7 Port Huron MI 45.7 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 84.7 Detroit MI VALUE (BILLION US$) CROSSING
    • 6. TOP US EXPORTS TO CANADA, 2003 VALUE (Billion $US) 12.1 Elec. Machinery 25.9 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 27.5 Transp. Equipment By TRUCK: 1.0 Organic Chemicals 1.4 Plastics 7.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL:
    • 7. TOP US IMPORTS FROM CANADA, 2003 7.8 Charity Articles, Military Apparel 13.3 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 25.4 Transp. Equipment BY TRUCK: 3.0 Paper, Paperboard 5.1 Wood, Products 27.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL: Value (Billion US$)
    • 8.  
    • 9. RAIL BORDER CROSSINGS <ul><li>Constructed, paid for and operated by carrier </li></ul><ul><li>New crossings require Presidential Permit </li></ul><ul><li>- Engineering plans, environmental impacts </li></ul><ul><li>- States involved in review process, but approval on Federal level </li></ul>
    • 10. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>Safety regulatory agency </li></ul><ul><li>- Close relationship with Transport Canada </li></ul>
    • 11. CROSS BORDER OPERATIONS <ul><li>Equipment moving into US is subject to US rules, unless waived </li></ul><ul><li>Crews change at terminal nearest the border </li></ul><ul><li>- Locomotives may change at crew change points or run through </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border crews must qualify under rules of both countries </li></ul><ul><li>- FRA Hours of Service rules begin when run starts, not when border is crossed </li></ul><ul><li>- FRA alcohol/drug rules go into effect for foreign crews June 11, 2004 </li></ul>
    • 12. OPERATIONS, CON’T <ul><li>FRA does NOT routinely station inspectors at border crossings </li></ul><ul><li>We DO conduct random, routine periodic inspections for crews and equipment inside the US </li></ul>
    • 13. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>Liaison/facilitator between railroads and border agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison on security and policy issues with Transport Canada </li></ul>
    • 14. Railroad Vehicle & Cargo Inspection System (Railroad VACIS®)
    • 15. Benefits <ul><li>The Railroad VACIS is unique in its capabilities. It is the only available method for non-invasive inspection of loaded and moving railroad cars. </li></ul>
    • 16. Railroad VACIS Images Contraband surrounding cloth Illegal aliens 600 pounds of cocaine
    • 17. Locations <ul><li>U.S. Northern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Blaine WA </li></ul><ul><li>Eastport ID </li></ul><ul><li>Portal ND </li></ul><ul><li>Noyes MN (2) </li></ul><ul><li>International Falls MN </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo NY </li></ul><ul><li>Rouses Pt NY </li></ul><ul><li>Sarnia Ontario * </li></ul><ul><li>Windsor Ontario ** </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Southern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Brownsville TX </li></ul><ul><li>Laredo TX </li></ul><ul><li>Eagle Pass TX </li></ul><ul><li>El Paso TX (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Nogales AZ </li></ul><ul><li>Calexico CA *** </li></ul><ul><li>San Ysidro CA </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico Northern Border </li></ul><ul><li>Nuevo Laredo </li></ul><ul><li>Matamoros </li></ul><ul><li>Piedras Negras </li></ul><ul><li>Nogales </li></ul><ul><li>Cd. Juarez </li></ul><ul><li>Mexicali *** </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico Ports </li></ul><ul><li>Vera Cruz </li></ul><ul><li>Manzanillo </li></ul>* Installation Spring/Summer 04 ** Project on hold *** Systems purchased; in planning stage
    • 18. Rail VACIS Locations Blaine WA Easport ID Portal ND Noyes MN (2) International Falls MN San Ysidro CA Calexico CA *** Mexicali Mexico *** Nogales AZ Nogales Mexico El Paso TX (2) Cd. Juarez Mexico Eagle Pass TX Piedras Negras Mexico Sarnia Ontario (2) * Windsor Ontario ** Buffalo NY Rouses Pt NY Manzanillo Mexico Vera Cruz Mexico Laredo TX Nuevo Laredo Mex Brownsville TX Matamoros Mexico * Install Spring 2004 ** Project on hold *** In planning stage
    • 19. <ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>The Railroad VACIS is capable of inspecting trains traveling at speeds of between 1 and 8 MPH. </li></ul><ul><li>As the rail cars move through the gamma beam, their images are individually saved, along with radio frequency identification (RFID) data and a digital video snapshot of the car ID number. </li></ul><ul><li>The Railroad VACIS operator can view the images as they are acquired, and make appropriate decisions to further inspect the rail cars if necessary. </li></ul>
    • 20. FRA’S ROLE <ul><li>US Chair of Rail Consultative Group under NAFTA </li></ul><ul><li>Reviewing agency for new crossings </li></ul>
    • 21. CHALLENGES AHEAD <ul><li>Increasing security needs </li></ul><ul><li>Rising traffic levels </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce funding resources </li></ul><ul><li>New safety regulations </li></ul>
    • 22. MEETING THE CHALLENGES <ul><li>Cooperation/Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>- National </li></ul><ul><li>- State/Provincial/Local </li></ul><ul><li>- Private sector </li></ul>

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