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Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra
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Rail Border Ops Jane Bachner Fra

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    • 1. US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration US/CANADA RAIL BORDER OPERATIONS TRANSPORTATION BORDER WORKING GROUP WASHINGTON, DC APRIL 30, 2004 Jane Bachner Federal Railroad Administration
    • 2. CROSS-BORDER ABC’S
      • 22 RAIL CROSSINGS
      • - TOP 6 ACCOUNT FOR 90% OF TRAFFIC
      • 14 RAILROADS
      • - 6 MAJOR US AND CANADIAN RR’S
      • - CN (inc. GTW) CP (inc. Soo, D&H )
      • - UP, BNSF, CSX, NS
    • 3. US/CANADA RAIL CROSSINGS
    • 4. 2003 RAIL CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 58.1 Subtotal 64.8 Total, All Crossings 2.1 Blaine WA 2.7 Portal ND 4.6 Int’l Falls/Ranier MN 9.1 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 16.7 Detroit MI 22.9 Port Huron MI Value (Billion $US) Crossings
    • 5. 2003 TRUCK CROSS BORDER TRAFFIC 240.9 ALL CROSSINGS 198.7 SUBTOTAL 9.9 Blaine WA 10.0 Alexandria Bay NY 12.7 Champlain/Rouses Pt. NY 35.7 Port Huron MI 45.7 Buffalo/Niagara Falls NY 84.7 Detroit MI VALUE (BILLION US$) CROSSING
    • 6. TOP US EXPORTS TO CANADA, 2003 VALUE (Billion $US) 12.1 Elec. Machinery 25.9 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 27.5 Transp. Equipment By TRUCK: 1.0 Organic Chemicals 1.4 Plastics 7.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL:
    • 7. TOP US IMPORTS FROM CANADA, 2003 7.8 Charity Articles, Military Apparel 13.3 Reactors, Boilers, etc. 25.4 Transp. Equipment BY TRUCK: 3.0 Paper, Paperboard 5.1 Wood, Products 27.3 Transp. Equipment BY RAIL: Value (Billion US$)
    • 8.  
    • 9. RAIL BORDER CROSSINGS
      • Constructed, paid for and operated by carrier
      • New crossings require Presidential Permit
      • - Engineering plans, environmental impacts
      • - States involved in review process, but approval on Federal level
    • 10. FRA’S ROLE
      • Safety regulatory agency
      • - Close relationship with Transport Canada
    • 11. CROSS BORDER OPERATIONS
      • Equipment moving into US is subject to US rules, unless waived
      • Crews change at terminal nearest the border
      • - Locomotives may change at crew change points or run through
      • Cross-border crews must qualify under rules of both countries
      • - FRA Hours of Service rules begin when run starts, not when border is crossed
      • - FRA alcohol/drug rules go into effect for foreign crews June 11, 2004
    • 12. OPERATIONS, CON’T
      • FRA does NOT routinely station inspectors at border crossings
      • We DO conduct random, routine periodic inspections for crews and equipment inside the US
    • 13. FRA’S ROLE
      • Liaison/facilitator between railroads and border agencies
      • Liaison on security and policy issues with Transport Canada
    • 14. Railroad Vehicle & Cargo Inspection System (Railroad VACIS®)
    • 15. Benefits
      • The Railroad VACIS is unique in its capabilities. It is the only available method for non-invasive inspection of loaded and moving railroad cars.
    • 16. Railroad VACIS Images Contraband surrounding cloth Illegal aliens 600 pounds of cocaine
    • 17. Locations
      • U.S. Northern Border
      • Blaine WA
      • Eastport ID
      • Portal ND
      • Noyes MN (2)
      • International Falls MN
      • Buffalo NY
      • Rouses Pt NY
      • Sarnia Ontario *
      • Windsor Ontario **
      • U.S. Southern Border
      • Brownsville TX
      • Laredo TX
      • Eagle Pass TX
      • El Paso TX (2)
      • Nogales AZ
      • Calexico CA ***
      • San Ysidro CA
      • Mexico Northern Border
      • Nuevo Laredo
      • Matamoros
      • Piedras Negras
      • Nogales
      • Cd. Juarez
      • Mexicali ***
      • Mexico Ports
      • Vera Cruz
      • Manzanillo
      * Installation Spring/Summer 04 ** Project on hold *** Systems purchased; in planning stage
    • 18. Rail VACIS Locations Blaine WA Easport ID Portal ND Noyes MN (2) International Falls MN San Ysidro CA Calexico CA *** Mexicali Mexico *** Nogales AZ Nogales Mexico El Paso TX (2) Cd. Juarez Mexico Eagle Pass TX Piedras Negras Mexico Sarnia Ontario (2) * Windsor Ontario ** Buffalo NY Rouses Pt NY Manzanillo Mexico Vera Cruz Mexico Laredo TX Nuevo Laredo Mex Brownsville TX Matamoros Mexico * Install Spring 2004 ** Project on hold *** In planning stage
    • 19.
      • Applications
      • The Railroad VACIS is capable of inspecting trains traveling at speeds of between 1 and 8 MPH.
      • As the rail cars move through the gamma beam, their images are individually saved, along with radio frequency identification (RFID) data and a digital video snapshot of the car ID number.
      • The Railroad VACIS operator can view the images as they are acquired, and make appropriate decisions to further inspect the rail cars if necessary.
    • 20. FRA’S ROLE
      • US Chair of Rail Consultative Group under NAFTA
      • Reviewing agency for new crossings
    • 21. CHALLENGES AHEAD
      • Increasing security needs
      • Rising traffic levels
      • Scarce funding resources
      • New safety regulations
    • 22. MEETING THE CHALLENGES
      • Cooperation/Consultation
      • - National
      • - State/Provincial/Local
      • - Private sector

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