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Perancangan Pembangunan Noss
 

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    Perancangan Pembangunan Noss Perancangan Pembangunan Noss Presentation Transcript

    • PERANCANGAN PEMBANGUNAN NOSS DAN PERSIJILAN KEMAHIRAN MALAYSIA PANG CHAU LEONG, Majlis Latihan Vokasional Kebangsaan (MLVK) Kementerian Sumber Manusia, Malaysia. 23 Jun 2004
    • CONTENTS
      • NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC).
      • BACKGROUND & DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA.
      • 2.1 NEED FOR A NATIONAL SYSTEM
      • 2.2 RATIONALE FOR CHANGE
      • 2.3 CURRENT STATUS
      • DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARD (NOSS) IN MALAYSIA.
      • DEVELOPMENT & IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA.
      • FUTURE CHALLENGES
      MLVK
    • NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC). MLVK
    • NATIONAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING COUNCIL (NVTC) Established 2 May 1989
      • PURPOSE
      • FORMULATE
      • PROMOTE
      • CO-ORDINATE
      vocational and industrial skills training TO FULFILL NATIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT MLVK
    • NVTC’S ORGANISATION MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCES COUNCIL SECRETARIATE COMMITTEE FOR CO-ORDINATION OF PUBLIC TRAINING AGENCIES STANDARD & CERTIFICATION COMMITTEE SKILLS ADVISORY COMMITTEES MLVK
    • NVTC’S MAIN ROLE
      • TRAINING
      • PROVIDER
      WORKPLACE REQUIREMENTS MLVK
    • NVTC NOSS DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION CO-ORDINATION PROMOTION INDUSTRY/ EMPLOYERS EMPLOYMENT TRAINING INSTITUTIONS TRAINING SKILL NEEDS NOSS TRAINING GUIDES QUALIFIED/COMPETENT WORKFORCE TRAINED WORKFORCE NVTC’S FUNCTIONS MLVK
    • NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION: WHY IS IT NEEDED? MLVK
    • MIN. OF ENTREPRE. DEVELOPMENT MULTIPLICITY OF TRAINING- NEED FOR CO-ORDINATION MIN. OF HUMAN RESOURCES MIN. OF EDUCATION MIN. OF YOUTH & SPORTS VARIOUS MINISTRIES STATE GOVERNMENTS PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUIONS EMPLOYER-BASED TRAINING MLVK
      • TRAINING
      • PROVIDERS
      RELEVANT SKILLS WORKFORCE- NEED FOR SKILLS MATCHING WORLD OF WORK MLVK
    • PUBLIC POLICIES .. The most important resource of any nation must be the talents, skills, creativity and will of its people…. Our people is our ultimate resource. VISION 2020 Investments in HUMAN CAPITAL be given priority in order to achieve the highest degree of COMPETENCE and PROFESSIONALISM to ensure the competitiveness of the tourism industry. 8 TH . MALAYSIA PLAN 2001-2005 MLVK
    • TODAY’S REALITY- NEED FOR LIFELONG LEARNING LIFELONG LEARNING PROMOTED THROUGH … A FORMAL SCHEME OF SKILL QUALIFICATION AT THE NATIONAL-LEVEL LIFELONG LEARNING NECESSARY IN TODAY’S WORKPLACE MLVK
    • NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION: NEW APPROACH MLVK
    • MALAYSIAN SKILL CERTIFICATION : NEED FOR REFORM
      • 1991-1992
      • CABINET COMMITTEE ON TRAINING.
      • TO EXPAND ACCREDITATION OF SKILLS.
      • To include new technologies and skills .
      • To include higher level skills .
      • To expand private sector involvement .
      • To provide upgrading opportunities to
      • technicians and higher level jobs.
      MLVK
    • BACKGROUND NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION 1991 JKML : EXPAND ACCREDITATION OF SKILLS 1991-1992 MLVK OVERHAUL NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION SYSTEM. MLVK 1993 MLVK INTRODUCE NEW NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION FRAMEWORK
    • MALAYSIAN SKILL CERTIFICATION (The Accreditation Approach)
      • Malaysian Skill Certificates (MSC) &
      • Statement of Achievement (PC) - Levels 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
      A new approach in skill certification to replace Testing System ....
      • Based on National Occupational Skill Standard (NOSS)
      • Continuous Assessment: Formative Evaluation
      • Flexible Assessment Methods
      • Flexible Assessment Centres - Training Centres & Workplaces
      • Introduced in June 1993
      MLVK
    • SKILLS QUALFICATION SKM LEVEL 5 SKM LEVEL 4 SKM LEVEL 3 SKM LEVEL 2 SKM LEVEL 1 MANAGEMENT SUPERVISORY OPERATION & PRODUCTION KEY SKILLS RELATED KNOWLEDGES SUPERVISION / MANAGEMENT JOB CATEGORY FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA MLVK
    • NEED ANALYSIS (INDUSTRY/ LABOUR MARKET) OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS JOB ANALYSIS TASK ANALYSIS INSTRUCTIONAL ANALYSIS ----------------------- INSTRUCTIONAL & LEARNING DEVPT. SKILL DELIVERY NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION (MLVK) QUALIFIED / COMPETENT WORKERS INDUSTRY / EMPLOYERS SKILL ADVISORY COMMITTEES (MLVK) NOSS DEVELOPMENT (MLVK) COMPETENCY-BASED SKILLS TRAINING IN MALAYSIA MLVK
    • NATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS & CERTIFICATION: CURRENT STATUS MLVK
    • PUSAT BERTAULIAH MLVK 1993-2003 MLVK
    • PROGRAM YANG DITAULIAH 1993-2003 MLVK
    • CENTRE PROGRAMME AGENCY/CATEGORY
      • Ministry of Human Resources 20 394
      • Ministry of Entrepreneur Development 143 537
      • Ministry of Youth & Sports 14 210
      • Ministry of Education 66 417
      • Ministry of Agriculture 7 16
      • Ministry of Home Affairs 15 42
      • Ministry of Defence 12 141
      • Ministry of National Unity & Social Development. 4 8
      • Ministry of Rural Development 2 19
      • Ministry of Primary Industries 1 2
      • Johore State Education Foundation 11 119
      • Sarawak State Chief Minister’s Office 1 16
      • Institutions under State Authorities 21 217
      • Employers Training Institutions 23 108
      • Private Training Institutions 1,495 4,867
      • Association Training Institutions 2 2
      • Non-Destructive Testing Institutions 3 25
      TOTAL 1,840 7,140 ACCREDITED CENTRES / PROGRAMMES MLVK
    • DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS STANDARD (NOSS) IN MALAYSIA. MLVK
    • NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARDS (NOSS) A specification of COMPETENCIES expected of a skilled worker who is gainfully employed in Malaysia in an occupational area and level . MLVK
    • KEY CRITERIA OF NOSS
      • INDUSTRIAL CONSULTATION
      • LEVELS - 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
      • DUTIES & TASKS
      • PERFORMANCE STANDARD
      MLVK
    • Description of Level (1-3)
      • Level 1 : Competent in performing a range of varied
      • activities, most of which are routine and
      • predictable.
      • Level 2 : Competent in performing a significant range
      • of varied work activities, Some of the
      • activities are non-routine and required
      • individual responsibility and autonomy .
      • Level 3 : Competent in performing a broad range of
      • varied work activities, performed in variety of
      • contexts, most of which are complex and
      • non-routine. There is considerable responsibility
      • and autonomy, and control or guidance of
      • others is often required.
      MLVK
    • Description of Level (4 - 5)
      • Level 4 : Competent in performing a broad range of
      • of complex technical or professional work activities
      • performed in a wide variety of contexts and with a
      • substantial degree of personal responsibility and
      • autonomy . Responsible for the work of others and allocation of resources is often present.
      • Level 5 : Competent in applying range of fundamental principles
      • and complex techniques across a wide and often unpredictable variety of contexts. Very substantial
      • personal autonomy, and often significant responsibility
      • for the work of others and for the allocation of
      • substantial resources feature strongly, as do personal accountabilities for analysis and diagnosis, design,
      • planning, execution and evaluation
      MLVK
    • PROCEDURE FOR DEVELOPING NOSS NEEDS ASSESSMENT - Labour Market Analysis - OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS NOSS to be established ? Selection of DACUM Workshop PARTICIPANTS & FACILITATOR JOB ANALYSIS - Preparation of JOB PROFILE CHART TASK ANALYSIS - Preparation of TASK PROFILE VERIFICATION of Draft NOSS APPROVAL by Standards & Certification Committee DACUM Workshop – Phase 1 DACUM Workshop – Phase 2 MLVK
    • DEVELOPMENT OF NOSS OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS Skills Advisory Industry/Employer NOSS DEVELOPMENT MLVK JOB ANALYSIS PHASE 1
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Job Profile Chart
      TASK ANALYSIS PHASE 2
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Task Profile
      MLVK MLVK
    • OCCUPATIONAL ANALYSIS
      • PURPOSE :
      • To identify career and job structures.
      • To identify job titles.
      • To identify position / level of jobs.
      • Based On:
      • INDUSTRY CONSULTATION/INPUT
      • Skill Advisory Committee
      • Ad-Hoc Committee
      THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS Occupational Analysis MLVK PEMBANGUNAN SKPK MLVK Job Analysis FASA 1
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Job Profile Chart
      Task Analysis FASA 2
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Task Profile
      Industry/Employer Skills Advisory Committee MLVK
    • JOB ANALYSIS PURPOSE : To determine the Job Profile (duties & tasks) for a specific job. PHILOSOPHY : The best source of job analysis information is expert & experienced workers who are currently doing the job. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS Occupational Analysis MLVK PEMBANGUNAN SKPK MLVK Job Analysis FASA 1
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Job Profile Chart
      Task Analysis FASA 2
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Task Profile
      Industry/Employer Trade Advisory Committee MLVK
    • TASK ANALYSIS PURPOSE : To develop Task Profile for every task in a specific NOSS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NOSS Occupational Analysis MLVK PEMBANGUNAN SKPK MLVK Job Analysis FASA 1
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Job Profile Chart
      Task Analysis FASA 2
      • Workshop (3 – 4 days)
      • Task Profile
      Industry/Employer Trade Advisory Committee
      • 8 to 12 experts/practitioners/trainers
      • 4 to 5 days/nights
      • cost of RM4,000 to RM5,000
      • output are Task Profiles
      MLVK
    • TASK ANALYSIS
      • Definition :
      • A PROCESS TO ENSURE THAT WHAT IS TAUGHT IN A TRAINING PROGRAM IS DERIVED FROM WHAT REALLY OCCURS AT THE JOB
      • To Ascertain :
      • Performance Standards ( PS )
      • Steps
      • Enabling Requirements
      • Tools, Equipment and Materials
      MLVK
      • 1. Draughtsman
      • 2. Building Construction
      • 3. Woodworking & Furniture
      • 4. Tourism & Travel
      • 5. Hotel
      • 6. Theme Park
      • 7. Welding Technology & Metal Fabric.
      • 8. Non-Destructive Testing
      • 9. Machinery & Land Transportation
      • 10. Motor Vehicle Assembly
      • 11. Maritime
      • 12. Crane Operator
      • 13. Motorcycle Assembly
      • 14. Aeronautic
      • 15. Printing Technology
      • 16. Personal Services
      • 17. Business & Finance
      • 18. Textile & Apparel
      • 19. Handicraft
      • 20. Electrical
      • 21. Electronic, Audio & Video
      • 22. Precision Instrument
      • 23. Information Technology – Computer / Multimedia
      • 24. Telecommunication
      • 25. Plastic Technology
      • 26. Metal Machining Technology
      • 27. Mechanical Maintenance
      • 28. Tool & Die Making
      • 29. Foundry
      • 30. Mechatronics
      • 31. Weapon Technology
      • 32. Land Surveying
      • 33. Scuba Diving - Recreation / Commercial
      • 34. Supplementary
      NOSS - INDUSTRY SECTORS MLVK
    • NOSS APPLICATIONS
      • Training Standard
      • Training Curriculum
      • Training Material/Learning Resources
      • Equipment & Tool Listing/Training Facilities
      • Instructor Profile
      • Job Entry Requirement
      TRAINING WORLD
      • Workers Performance
      • Evaluation
      • Job Modification
      • Job Description
      • Career Development/Planning
      • Basis For Wages/Compensation
      WORLD OF WORK ASSESSMENT CERTIFICATION MLVK
    • DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL SKILL CERTIFICATION IN MALAYSIA: THE ACCREDITATION APPROACH MLVK
    • PROCEDURE IN WHICH THE NVTC EVALUATES & APPROVES AN ORGANISATION TO- - SPECIFIC SKILL PROGRAMME - DURATION CONCEPT OF ACCREDITATION ACCREDITATION FOR 48 ADMINISTER & MAINTAIN QUALITY OF SKM OFFER SKM MLVK
    • IDENTIFY SKILL PROGRAMME TO BE ACCREDITED OBTAIN NOSS STUDY NOSS REQUIREMENT ABLE TO MEET ACCREDITATION REQUIREMENTS? SUBMIT APPLICATION ACCREDITED? RECEIVE CERTIFICATE OF ACCREDITATION IMPROVE / RECTIFY NO YES NO YES RECEIVE ASSESSMENT VISIT TABLE IN STANDARD & CERTIFICATION COMMITTEE PROCEDURE OF APPLYING AS AN ACCREDITED CENTRE. MLVK
    • APPLICATION DOCUMENTS MLVK/T1001(P3) SEC. C : INFORMATION ON PROPOSED PROGRAMME SEC. D : ASSESSMENT & QUALITY ASSURANCE SEC. E : PHYSICAL FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT SEC. F : OTHER INFORMATION 1. Personal Details of Applicant 2. Details of Proposed Accredited Centre 3. Details of Ownership 4. Details of Centre Location and Premise. 1. CEO’s Confirmation 2. Endorsement by Commissioner of Oath. BAH. A : MAKLUMAT ORGANISASI SEC. B : ENDORSEMENT OF APPLICATION SEC. A : INFORMATION ON APPLICATION & PROPOSED ACCREDITED CENTRE 1. Programme Applied for 2. Entry Pre-requisites 3. Student Capacity 4. Duration of Training Programme 5. Fees Structure 6. Learning Contents/Course of Study 7. Supplementary Subjects 1. Assessment Techniques 2. Internal Verification Procedures & Quality Control 3. Details of Trainers 4. Details of Assessors, Internal Verifiers & Centre Manager 5. Centre Assessment Panel. 1. Layout of Workshop, Lab, Lecture Rooms, Resource Centre, Offices, etc. 2. Inventory/Tools & Equipment at Premise 3. Use of Third Party Equipment & Facilities. 1. Career Prospects for Graduates 2. Other Information to Support Application. SEC. C : INFORMATION ON PROPOSED PROGRAMME SEC. D : ASSESSMENT & QUALITY ASSURANCE SEC. E : PHYSICAL FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT SEC. F : OTHER INFORMATION MLVK
    • ACCREDITATION APPROVAL
        • 1. LETTER & CERTIFICATION
        • OF ACCREDITATION.
      2. CONDITIONS & REGULATIONS OF ACCREDITATION.
      • UNDERTAKING TO COMPLY WITH
      • CONDITIONS & REGULATIONS
      • - SUBMITTED WITHIN 21 DAYS
      MLVK
    • QUALITY CONTROL SYSTEM & PROCEDURES MLVK
    • QUALITY ASSURANCE MALAYSIA SKILL CERTIFICATION ACCREDITED CENTRE * APPLICATION & APPROVAL PROCEDURES ACCREDITATION PERSONEL * ASSESSOR * INTERNAL VERIFIER * CENTRE MANAGER * EXTERNAL VERIFIER * CANDIDATE ASSESSMENT & VERIFICATION * BASED ON NOSS * DOCUMENTATION - CAR / STUDENT PORTFOLIO MLVK
    • NVTC CENTRE HEAD OFFICE EXTERNAL VERIFIER ACCREDITED CENTRE CENTRE MANAGER C PPD INTERNAL VERIFIER PPD PP PP PP PP C C CANDIDATE C C PP ASSESSOR PARTIES INVOLVED IN QUALITY ASSURANCE MLVK
      • EXPERT IN SPECIFIC SKILL AREA.
      • COMPRISING OF TRAINERS IN AN ACCREDITED CENTRE.
      • 21 YEARS & ABOVE
      • AT LEAST 1 YEAR OF RELEVANT WORKING EXPERIENCE
      CRITERIA OF ASSESSOR & INTERNAL VERIFIER SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR ASSESSOR SPECIFIC CRITERIA FOR INTERNAL VERIFIER FROM 1 JAN 2004, ASSESSOR MUST POSSESS SKM FOR RELEVANT PROGRAMME
      • USUALLY SUPERVISOR (SENIOR) TO ASSESSOR
      • AT LEAST KNOWLEDGEABLE IN RELEVANT SKILL AREA.
      • COMPRISING OF PERSONNEL FROM ACCREDITED CENTRE.
      • SUCCESSFULLY ATTENDED ACCREDITATION INDUCTION COURSE
      • APPOINTED BY ANY ACCREDITED CENTRE.
      MLVK
    • CRITERIA OF ACCREDITED CENTRE MANAGER USUALLY CENTRE PRINCIPAL / MANAGER / HEAD INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN MLVK & ACCREDITED CENTRE. KNOWLEDGEABLE ON ADMINISTRATION OF TRAINING INSTITUTION GENERALLY & IMPLEMENTATION OF MALAYSIA SKILL CERTIFICATION SPECIFICALLY. ATTENDED SUCCESSFULLY ACCREDITATION INDUCTTION COURSE . MLVK
    • CRITERIA OF EXTERNAL VERIFIER HAS NO VESTED INTEREST IN THE ACCREDITED CENTRE APPOINTED FOR. ACCREDITED & APPOINTED BY MLVK. EXPERT IN IMPLEMENTATION OF MALAYSIAN CERTIFICATION SYSTEM- ACCREDITATION APPROACH. MLVK
      • 2. CHECKS & VERIFIES CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO.
      • 3. CHECKS & VERIFIES APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATION
      • CONFIRMS THAT QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM OF ACCREDITED CENTRE MEETS MLVK REQUIREMENTS.
      ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF EXTERNAL VERIFIER
      • CARRIES OUT VERIFICATION VISITS
      • & REPORT ON-
      • TRAINING
      • QUALITY CONTROL
      • ASSESSMENT
      • RECOMMENDATION OF CONTINUING, OR OTHERWISE, OF ACCREDITATION.
      MLVK
    • ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES & PROCEDURES MLVK
    • A PROCESS TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE COMPETENCIES OF A PARTICULAR CANDIDATE MEET THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE RELEVANT NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL SKILL STANDARD (NOSS). DEFINITION OF ASSESSMENT MLVK
    • ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES 1. BASED ON NOSS . 2. THE APPROACH OF FORMATIVE EVALUATION IS ADOPTED. 3. ASSESSMENT TAKES COGNISANCE OF KNOWLEDGE & ATTITUDE, BUT REQUIRES PERFORMANCE (SKILLS) AS THE MAIN BURDEN OF PROOF. MLVK
    • ASSESSMENT RECORD: CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO A DOCUMENTATION PROCEDURE TO COLLECT & KEEP ASSESSMENT RECORDS AND EVIDENCES ALREADY ACHIEVED AND VERIFIED FOR THE PURPOSE OF NATIONAL CERTIFICATION. PREPARED BY CANDIDATE WITH GUIDANCE FROM ASSESSOR. CHECKED & VERIFIED BY INTERNAL VERIFIER CHECKED & VERIFIED BY EXTERNAL VERIFIER MLVK
    • PENANDA TUGAS CANDIDATE PORTFOLIO CUMULATIVE ASSESSMENT RECORD JOB PROFILE CHART (FROM NOSS) DUTY SEPARATOR TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 01.01 ( FROM NOSS) ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 01.02 (FROM NOSS) ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES DUTY SEPARATOR ASSESSMENT EVIDENCES NOSS MATRIX TRAINING PATHWAY RECORD OF CANDIDATE REGISTRATION WITH NVTC TASK PROFILE FOR TASK NO. 02.01 (FROM NOSS) TASK MARKER MLVK
    • VOCATIONAL SKILL TRAINING IN MALAYSIA: FUTURE CHALLENGES MLVK
    • KN0WLEDGE WORK INVOLVES ACTIVITIES THAT ARE LARGELY - * INFORMATION BASED * KNOWLEDGE INTENSIVE * KNOWLEDGE GENERATING MEETING NEW DEMANDS OF K-ECONOMY CHALLENGES FOR EDUCATION & TRAINING DEVELOPING KNOWLEDGE-WORKERS * ENHANCING COMPUTER LITERACY * DEVELOPING SKILLS & COMPETENCIES REQUIRED BY NEW TECHNOLOGIES & ECONOMY * PROVIDING ENABLING INFRASTRUCTURE AND ENVIRONMENT. MLVK
    • MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCES - 15 ITIs/ADTECs. MINISTRY OF ENTREPRENEUR DEVELOPMENT - 58 GIAT centres/ IKMs / IKTMs. MINISTRY OF YOUTH & SPORTS - 13 IKBNs / IKTBNs. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION - 200 polytechnics / technical & vocational schools / community colleges. FURTHER EXPANSION OF PUBLIC VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING MLVK
    • ENHANCING FURTHER TRAINING & RETRAINING * MAKING TRAINING AVAILABLE & ACCESSIBLE . * EXPANDING & DIVERSIFYING LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES * PROMOTING CULTURE OF LIFELONG TRAINING & LEARNING . MLVK
    • 8 TH . MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005 HUMAN RESOURCE POLICY THRUSTS Expanding the supply of highly skilled and knowledge manpower ... Improving the quality of education and training to ensure that manpower supply is in line with technological change and market demand. Promoting lifelong learning to enhance employability and productivity of the labour force. (8MP, pp.111-2) MLVK
    • 20.6% ( RM22.67 BILLION ) of total allocation for EDUCATION & TRAINING RM4.0 BILION for TRAINING alone - compared to RM2.24 BILLION under 7th.Malaysia Plan 8 TH . MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005 DEVELOPMENT BUDGET MLVK
    • 8 TH . MALAYSIA PLAN, 2001-2005 POSITION OF NVTC MLVK To ensure training programmes are in line with the requirements of the economy, the NVTC as the coordinating and monitoring agency, will be further strengthened .
    • SEKIAN TERIMA KASIH MLVK