Paper By Mr  R K Pathak Djc Mot Myn
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Paper By Mr R K Pathak Djc Mot Myn






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    Paper By Mr  R K Pathak Djc Mot Myn Paper By Mr R K Pathak Djc Mot Myn Presentation Transcript

    • A presentation on Jute/Kenaf Diversified Products other than traditional use – An Indian Experience by R. K. Pathak, IP&TAFS Deputy Jute Commissioner Ministry of Textiles Government of India
    • Topic of Discussion
      • The March of the Golden Fibre –
      • photograph of Jute/Kenaf Diversified Product.
      • How did it happen – Indian Experience
      • Achievements at a Glance
    • How did it happen – Indian Exp.
      • History,
      • Threat from Synthetic,
      • Turning Point,
      • Initial Apprehension,
      • Threefold Diversification Strategy,
      • Product Development linked with Entrepreneurs
      • Policy Support by Govt. of India
      • National Centre for Jute Diversification
    • History
      • Early use dates back to 16 th Century
      • Mostly for household items like ropes, matting etc.
      • 1873: first export of raw jute from India
      • 1855: first jute mill at Rishra, WB, Oldest Industry
      • Two World War – demand increased
      • 1947: Partisan – Shock for Indian jute Industry
      • 1960’s: The golden era of Indian Jute
    • Threat from Synthetic
      • Late 1960’s & early 70’s: Emergence of Synthetic as new packaging material
      • Modern production pattern
      • Jute Mills – stagnated technology
      • Huge unionised workforce
      • By 1980’s Jute Industry considered as crisis ridden industry with no scope for salvaging
      • Sunset Industry
    • Turning Point
      • 1986: Watershed year – Two important events
      • Change of Mindset : battle to save jute should not be fought from the platform of traditional industry
      • Short term : Promulgation of The Jute Packaging Material (Compulsory Use in Packing Commodities) Act 1987
      • Long Term : Jute diversification
      • From 1986-87 onward the intention and Objective of the policy maker at the highest level became clear.
    • Initial Apprehension
      • Initial Phase : Interaction to explore the possibility to use jute fibre in textiles & non-textiles areas.
      • Initial apprehension – Not many takers
      • First Challenge: to convince the stakeholders (JMDC,IJIRA,Industry,TRA)
      • Series of Seminars & Workshop arranged
      • JMDC played a crucial role
    • Threefold Diversification Strategy
      • Diversify product of the jute mills from the traditional items to a mix of variegated non-traditional items such as floor covering, carpets, furnishing fabrics, upholstery materials etc.
      • Diversify utilization of jute fibre by diverting it from the composite jute mills to the vast handloom, power loom, textiles processing & handicraft sector,
      • Diversify utilization of jute in non-textile sectors of the economy such as paper making, composite applications, and geotextiles etc.
    • Product Development linked with Entrepreneurs
      • What product? Are they profitable? What about Machinery & Equipment?
      • Jute Yarn Technology Mission – first objective – to produce jute fine yarn & blended yarn
      • UNDP assisted National Jute Programme – 1992
      • It was demonstrated that if jute properly treated, spun and woven; it can add lustre and value to other fibre.
      • Major Spin-off of JYTM – indigenise imported technology & machinery
    • Product Development Contd…
      • Handloom Sector played a very crucial role in transmitting the usage of jute for jute based handloom products through its nationwide network of Handloom Weavers Service Centers.
      • Government supported powerloom weavers of Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Assam, Delhi etc started utilising jute yarn in blends with cotton, viscose, wool etc
      • Remarkable contribution made by 3 HRD institute (IJT, PSG College, & TTIS) for development of new jute product.
    • Policy support by GOI
      • Two pronged strategy adopted by GOI
      • Excise duty exempted on diversified jute product & Custom duty exempted for capital goods & machinery &
      • Subsidy offered for internal (IMA) & external market (EMA)
      • Setting up of National Centre for Jute Diversification (NCJD) in 1995.
    • Objectives of NCJD
      • Act as a nodal agency for countrywide promotion of the jute diversification activities through
      • Commercialization of Technologies
      • Proliferation, propagation & promotion of JDPs across the country
    • Functions of NCJD
      • Linkage & transfer of technology
      • Entrepreneurship development
      • Financial assistance to entrepreneurs
      • Support for small & rural industries
      • Diversification in organised mill sector
      • Support for raw materials, HRD, Design & product development
      • Provide market linkage
      • Dissemination of information
    • Schemes of NCJD
      • Financial Assistance Schemes :
      • A. Jute Entrepreneurs Assistance Scheme (JEAS) – Erstwhile
      • B. Jute Entrepreneurs Assistance [Capital Subsidy] Scheme
      • General Schemes :
      • Jute Service Centre Scheme
      • Jute Raw Material Bank Scheme
      • Design / Product Development Scheme
      • Market Support Scheme
      • Micro Finance Scheme
    • Achievements at a glance
      • Spread of Jute Diversified Products into several non-jute growing areas
      • No. of JDP Unit: over 1300
      • Employment : Nearly 0.2 million (direct + indirect)
      • Export : 26% of total export in value terms
      • Involvement of women in large numbers especially in rural areas
      • Innovative product range and designer products developed with jute
      • Creativity given an impetus thereby opening new market opportunities
      • Design introduction making it not only marketworthy, but even exportworthy
      • “ ECOPAC” – a scheme on product standardization is being implemented
      • Jute being introduced in high-value footwear & natural rubber coated fabric
    • Growth of Jute Diversified Decentralized Sectors
    • Employment Growth
    • Thank You