Osha Safety Training And You


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Osha Safety Training And You

  1. 1. OSHA Safety Training and YOU Wisconsin SHRM State Conference September 28-30, 2005
  2. 2. Norm Arendt, CHS-III, CFEII, PhD Safety Director - SEH OSHA Authorized Instructor Homeland Security Team Water Vulnerability Assessment Team Fire Explosion Investigator/Instructor Pyrotechnician Expert Witness Smith System Instructor
  3. 3. Federal vs State Plan <ul><li>Coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>4000 Regulations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Most Frequently Cited - 2005 <ul><li>62(d)(1)(i) Lead – Exposure assessment (58) </li></ul><ul><li>50(c) First Aid Training (46) </li></ul><ul><li>55(a) Gases, vapors, fumes, dusts & mists - Employee Exposure (46) </li></ul><ul><li>55(b) Gases, vapors, etc. – Administrative/Engineering controls (38) </li></ul><ul><li>62(d)(1)(iii) Lead – Representative personal sampling (29) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Most Often Cited 2005 <ul><li>1. Scaffolding Compliance Training </li></ul><ul><li>2. Haz Com Training </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fall Protection Training </li></ul><ul><li>4. Respiratory Protection </li></ul><ul><li>5. LO/TO </li></ul><ul><li>6. Powered Industrial Trucks Training </li></ul><ul><li>7. Electrical Wiring </li></ul><ul><li>8. Machine Guarding Training </li></ul><ul><li>9. Electrical Generation </li></ul><ul><li>10. Ladders Training </li></ul>
  6. 6. The “General Duty” Clause <ul><li>OSH Act – Public Law 91-596 Dec. 29, 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Section 5 (a) (1): </li></ul><ul><li>“ Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees, employment and a place of employment, which is free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause, death or serious physical harm to employees” </li></ul>
  7. 7. G.D. C. (cont.) <ul><li>5(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Incorporation by Reference <ul><li>Other standards mandatory provisions have the same force and effect of law as OSHA standards, i.e., ANSI, NEC, NFPA… </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Changes <ul><li>expands to include requirements for high-visibility headwear, criteria for knit or woven fabrics, and additional user guidance.   </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changes cont. <ul><li>In the absence of clinic, hospital… that is “reasonably accessible” (3-4 Minutes) to the worksite, a person who has a valid certificate in First Aid training must be available </li></ul>
  11. 11. Defensive Driving <ul><li>Leading cause of fatalities in the work place </li></ul><ul><li>Cost employers $31 Billion annually </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance issue </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phones </li></ul><ul><li>Smith System or NSC </li></ul>
  12. 12. Changes cont. <ul><li>Brown Recluse Spider </li></ul><ul><li>West Nile Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Lymes </li></ul><ul><li>Ehrlichiosis </li></ul><ul><li>Rift Valley Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Tularemia </li></ul><ul><li>Bird Flu (H5N1) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brown Recluse Spider Bites
  14. 14. Medical and First Aid <ul><li>Must post emergency numbers in locations where 911 is not available </li></ul>
  15. 15. Housekeeping <ul><li>Combustible scrap and debris must be removed at regular intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Form and scrap lumber with protruding nails and all other debris, shall be cleared from work areas, passageways, and stairs… </li></ul><ul><li>Containers shall be provided for waste, trash, oily and used rags…. </li></ul><ul><li>Cubicles shall be clean and orderly </li></ul>
  16. 16. Required Personnel (Key OSHA Terms) <ul><li>Competent Person </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified Person </li></ul><ul><li>Designated Person </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized Person </li></ul>
  17. 17. Competent Person <ul><li>One who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authority to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them </li></ul>
  18. 18. Qualified Person <ul><li>One who, by having a recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or who by extensive knowledge, training, & experience, has successfully demonstrated his ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the work </li></ul><ul><li>I.e., a Professional Engineer </li></ul>
  19. 19. Authorized Person <ul><li>A person approved or assigned by the employer to perform a specific type of duty or duties, or be at a specific location or locations at the jobsite </li></ul><ul><li>(Same definition for Designated Person ) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Examples of Areas With Competent Person Requirements <ul><li>Fall Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Trench & Excavation </li></ul><ul><li>Respirator Use </li></ul><ul><li>Cranes & Derricks </li></ul><ul><li>Ladders </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Welding & Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete forms & Shoring </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition </li></ul><ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation </li></ul>
  21. 21. Words <ul><li>Shall </li></ul><ul><li>Should </li></ul><ul><li>May </li></ul>
  22. 22. Department of Commerce <ul><li>Adopted OSHA 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Training Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Investigations </li></ul>
  23. 23. Managing Programs Include <ul><li>Recordkeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Required Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Schedules and Budgets </li></ul><ul><li>Files </li></ul>
  24. 24. Recording and Reporting Occupational Injuries and Illness 29 CFR 1910.1904 <ul><li>New Forms OSHA 300 & 300A </li></ul><ul><li>301A Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Posting February 1 – April 30 </li></ul><ul><li>www.osha.gov (download forms and regs) </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing loss reportable in 2004 </li></ul>
  25. 25. Bloodborne Pathogens (Exposure Control Plan) 29 CFR 1910.1030 <ul><li>Determination – Job Hazard Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Full and Part Time Employees Included </li></ul><ul><li>Job Task Change – Determination Updated </li></ul><ul><li>Hep B Program </li></ul><ul><li>Review Program Annually </li></ul>
  26. 26. Hepatitis <ul><li>C, B, A, D, E and G </li></ul><ul><li>All cause inflammation of the liver </li></ul><ul><li>Order of severity </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, fever 100+, joint pain </li></ul>
  27. 27. Control of Hazardous Energy (LOTO) 29 CFR 1910.147 <ul><li>Evaluation of Machines and Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>New Machines or Equipment – Evaluation Updated </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic Certification of Authorized Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Review Program Annually </li></ul>
  28. 28. Emergency Action Plans 29 CFR 1910.38 <ul><li>Determine Evacuation Plans for Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Designate Coordinators for Evacuation </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Changes will Require Updated Evacuation Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Should Cover Fires, Natural Disasters, Threats, Etc. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Emergency Response Plans 29 CFR 1910.120 <ul><li>Determine if Employee Will Control Or Use Outside Source </li></ul><ul><li>Will Chemical Release Affect Surrounding Population (RMP) </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Required Personal Protective Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Review Program Annually </li></ul>
  30. 30. Hazard Communication 29 CFR 1910.1200 <ul><li>Chemical Inventory Determination – computer Spread Sheet – Product/Common Name </li></ul><ul><li>MSDS Determination – Match Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>New Chemicals – Updated Inventory & New MSDS </li></ul><ul><li>Full & Part Time Employees Included </li></ul><ul><li>Include any labs </li></ul><ul><li>Program Review Annually </li></ul>
  31. 31. Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR 1910.132 <ul><li>Hazard Assessment Certifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Hazard (Impact; Penetration; Compression; Chemical; Heat; Harmful Dust; Light Radiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Head Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye & Face Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective Clothing </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR 1910.132 <ul><li>PPE Training on Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fitting & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warnings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Respiratory Protection 29 CFR 1910.134 <ul><li>Facility Evaluation for Respiratory Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>List Types of Respirators </li></ul><ul><li>Determine IDHL Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Program Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>Fit Testing – Annually </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Evaluations – Physicians Determines </li></ul><ul><li>Review Program Annually </li></ul>
  34. 34. Hearing Conservation 29 CFR 1910.95 <ul><li>Noise Evaluation – Communicate Results to Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Hearing Test </li></ul><ul><li>New Equipment Will Require Noise Evaluation </li></ul>
  35. 35. Noise cont. <ul><li>Hours Sound Level </li></ul><ul><li>8 90 </li></ul><ul><li>6 92 </li></ul><ul><li>4 95 </li></ul><ul><li>3 97 </li></ul><ul><li>2 100 </li></ul><ul><li>1 ½ 102 </li></ul><ul><li>1 105 </li></ul><ul><li>½ 110 </li></ul><ul><li>¼ or less 115 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Noise cont. <ul><li>Pneumatic Chipping Hammer 110 - 113 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Jackhammer 102 - 111 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete Joint Cutter 99 - 102 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Bulldozer 93 - 96 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Crane 90 - 96 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Gradeall 87 - 94 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Front End Loader 86 - 94 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Backhoe 84 - 93 dBA </li></ul>
  37. 37. Confined Space Entry <ul><li>All employees required to enter into confined spaces must be trained regarding hazards, precautions, and use of protective and emergency equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Confined Space: </li></ul><ul><li>… .any space having limited means of egress, subject to accumulation of toxic or flammable contaminants or oxygen deficient atmosphere </li></ul>
  38. 38. Permit-Required Confined Spaces 29 CFR 1910.146 <ul><li>Confined Space Evaluation – Even if Not Entering </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Retrieval Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Rescue Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Permits Retained For 1 Year </li></ul><ul><li>Review Program Annually </li></ul>
  39. 39. MULTIEMPLOYER WORKSITE POLICY Field Inspection Reference Manual Chapter II
  40. 40. Affirmative defense employer can use to challenge an OSHA citation
  41. 41. Multiemployer Worksites <ul><li>Both construction and non-construction </li></ul><ul><li>Citation normally issued to exposing employer </li></ul><ul><li>Employers may be cited whether or not their own employees are exposed </li></ul>
  42. 42. Multiemployer Worksites Citable Employers <ul><li>Employer who actually creates the hazard (creating employer) </li></ul><ul><li>Employer responsible by contract </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer who has authority for ensuring hazardous conditions are corrected (controlling employer) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employer who has responsibility for correcting the hazard (correcting employer) </li></ul>
  43. 43. Affirmative Defense - Exposing Employer <ul><li>Did not create the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Did not have the responsibility or authority to have hazard corrected </li></ul><ul><li>did not have ability to correct or remove the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically notifies controlling/correcting employer of the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Instructed employees to recognize and avoid the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Took appropriate steps to protect employees </li></ul><ul><li>In extreme circumstances, removes employees </li></ul>
  44. 44. Affirmative Defense (cont.) <ul><li>If employer meets all these defenses, the employer shall not be cited </li></ul><ul><li>If all employees on worksite meet these conditions, only employers responsible for creating the hazard or in the best position to correct hazard may be cited </li></ul><ul><li>Employers will be cited even though no employers are exposed </li></ul><ul><li>All employees shall be trained in the policy </li></ul>
  45. 45. Two Steps <ul><li>Determine whether creating, exposing, controlling, correcting employer </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if the employers actions were sufficient to meet regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Extend of actions required varies based on the category) </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. 30 Day Inspections <ul><li>Emergency Respirators – SCBA & SAR’s </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval Equipment (Manufacturer Requirements) </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguishers – Safety Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead Crane Inspections </li></ul>
  47. 47. Annual Inspections <ul><li>Fire Extinguishers – Maintenance Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead Crane Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Control of Hazardous Energy Periodic Inspections (Authorized Employees) </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval Equipment Competent Person Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Retractable Lifelines – Manufacturer Inspection </li></ul>
  48. 48. Periodic Inspections <ul><li>Work Place – Job Tasks, Work Areas, Etc </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly, Bi-weekly or monthly </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection Should Include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammable and Combustible Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable & Power Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lockout/Tagout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confined Spaces & Equipment </li></ul></ul>
  49. 49. Periodic Inspections – cont. <ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking-Working Surfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housekeeping </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. Other Issues to Consider <ul><li>RF Training – Cellular Carriers – Proof on person </li></ul><ul><li>Dust Emissions on YOUR property </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrant Painting - 29CFR1926.62 </li></ul><ul><li>Chip Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the inspectors you hire are qualified and not just low bid!!! </li></ul>
  51. 51. Certifications <ul><li>OSHA Authorized Outreach Trainers </li></ul><ul><li>Certified Inspector – National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) </li></ul><ul><li>Certified – Protective Coatings Specialist w/ Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC) </li></ul><ul><li>Certified Associate Welding Inspector w/ American Welding Society (AWS) </li></ul>
  52. 52. Schedule <ul><li>Annually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fit Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Medical Evaluations (Physician) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site-Specific Training & Program Reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confined Space Entry Permit Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confined Space Rescue Training </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Budget <ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual Training – Refresher & Rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Monitoring Calibration Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retractable Lifelines Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Extinguisher Maintenance Inspection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respirator Fit testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PPE </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Training Schedule <ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee Emergency Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Noise Exposure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PPE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual, Hands-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, PPE Purchased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual, Hands-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial on Certifications, PPE Purchased Hands-on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual Program Review, Annual Hands-on </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Training Schedule <ul><li>Permit-Required Confined Space </li></ul><ul><li>Control of Hazardous Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual Program Review, Annual Permit Review, Rescue Annual </li></ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual Program Review, Periodic Certification Determines </li></ul>
  56. 56. Training Schedule <ul><li>Fire Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Portable Fire Extinguishers </li></ul><ul><li>Welding, Cutting, Brazing </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen-Fuel Gas Welding & Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Arc Welding & Cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>Annual </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul>
  57. 57. Training Schedule <ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodborne Pathogens </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding/Ladders </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual Program Review </li></ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual Program Review, Initial MSDS </li></ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul>
  58. 58. Training Documentation <ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer – Include Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor Name & Signature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agenda – Description of Training </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. Documentation Required <ul><li>All Training </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Fit Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name/Identification of the Employee Tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of Fit Test Performed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make, Model, and Size of the Respirator Tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Date of the Fit Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass/Fail Results, Qualitative/Quantitative Fit Test </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. Files <ul><li>Injury & Illness Records </li></ul><ul><li>Written Safety and Health Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Records </li></ul><ul><li>Training Records </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection Records </li></ul><ul><li>Fit Testing Records </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Inventory/MSDS </li></ul><ul><li>Confined Space Entry Permits </li></ul><ul><li>PPE Hazard Assessment Certificates </li></ul>
  61. 61. Program Management <ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Participation </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Trainers <ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA Authorized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MSHA Authorized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Certifications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presentation Ability – What do YOU need </li></ul><ul><li>Competent Persons </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified Persons </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized Persons </li></ul>
  63. 63. What Can We Do For You <ul><li>Safety Manuals </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Plans – Including RMP, ERP, Etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>Job Hazard Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Safety Audits </li></ul><ul><li>What do you need </li></ul>