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Ocr Textiles

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  • 1. OCR Textiles
    • In this presentation you will find descriptions of GCSE Coursework and Examinations.
    • Use all this information to assist your pages in coursework. Every detail you need to cover is included.
  • 2. Brief introduction to OCR GCSE
    • OCR= Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations
    • Course consists of A3 Coursework folder with Practical product and 2 written Exams
    • Exams can be taken at 2 levels, Foundation and Higher. Grades that can be achieved will depend on the level you are entered for:
    • Foundation G-C Higher D-A*
    • 60%/40% weighting on coursework and exam.
    • Objectives carry different marks total 100 marks
    • Overall mark /105 (5 marks for presentation )
  • 3. GCSE Coursework
    • You will start your coursework during year 10 . This enables you to put as much effort and time into achieving the best grade possible.
    • The coursework folder is divided into 6 parts called objectives and each objective has a title . In each objective you are required to show evidence of various tasks. You will be marked on how successfully you have met the criteria.
    • You will be guided through the objectives one by one and then it is up to you to put your best into each section.
    • Self-motivation is a very important process to achieving the best grade possible.
    • You must try to keep up to date with deadlines set and ask for help whenever you need it.
    • You will be working on this project for quite a while so make sure you pick a product to make which you are very interested in.
  • 4. Recommended Book
    • GCSE Textiles Technology for OCR
    • By Carey Clarkeson, Jayne March and Joy Palmer
    • ISBN- 0435416669 BY Heinemann
    • You can order this at WHsmith £12.50 or on internet. £13 + packaging
  • 5. First page of your coursework
    • Name: Felicity Swarbrick
    • Course: OCR GCSE Textiles
    • Course Code: 1958
    • Date: 2006
  • 6. Objective 1 (4 marks)
    • ‘ Identification of a need or opportunity leading to a design Brief’
    • You need to break your objectives up with a title . This is important when marking work!
    • This is your 2 nd page of your coursework
  • 7. Textiles
    • Textile items are all around us in our clothing, furniture and transport. New textile products are always being developed and some are totally new ideas. However the majority are existing products redesigned to suit current trends.
    • A design is a solution to a problem. The problem is then the starting point.
    • When a problem needs to be solved a Design Brief is needed.
    • A Design Brief gives the aim of a design problem and states exactly the kind of item which will be needed.
    • Following is an example of a problem. This is how you must begin your coursework. You need to be thinking of an idea you could use and produce your own problem
  • 8. Example of problem
    • A major soft furnishing retailer wants to extend its bedroom furnishings to include the Teenage market.
    • To come up with a Design Brief from this you need to gather research from analysing the problem.
  • 9. Firstly you need to produce a Brainstorm for all soft furnishings you can think of that are found in a bedroom Curtains Duvet Pillows Carpet Rug Throws Lamp Shades Blinds Soft Furnishings
  • 10. Research existing products
    • Gather research from places such as : Photographs, Magazines, Catalogues or brochures
    • Produce a A3 Mood Board/Theme board with relevant images of soft furnishings.
    • Analyse these images and write a few notes about several of the images such as Price, decoration, colour, age suited for etc. I want your personal views on these.
  • 11. Questionnaire/Survey and Results
    • Write a Questionnaire to find out about Teenage Bedrooms, what they would like in their rooms. Here is few example questions:
    • Are you Male/Female?
    • Please give your age……………..
    • Do you have your own bedroom? Yes/No
    • If no is the person you share with older or younger? ……………
    • How much time do you spend in your room when not sleeping?
    • Less than 1 hour?
    • 1-3 hours?
    • 4-5 hours?
    • What is your favourite colour?
    • Do you have any of the following in your bedroom?
    • TV/Computer/Cd player/ DVD player
    • What shop do you/parents shop for furnishings at and why?
  • 12. Analysing your results
    • Example of result could be:
    • The results show that teenagers do spend a lot of time in their bedrooms and would like their rooms to be interesting.
    • You could do another survey to find out what soft furnishings teenagers would like in their rooms.
    • Suppose that 15 teenagers said they wanted a cushion to match a duvet, and 10 wanted a duvet to match the curtains and most parents shop at Next a Design Brief can now be written to summarize the aims of the project
  • 13. Writing a Design Brief eg.
    • ‘ Design and make a marketable soft furnishings product for Next, aimed at 12-16 year olds for use in their bedrooms’
    • You must now draft up your own design brief to suit your chosen product, target group
  • 14. Analysis of Brief
    • This page explains how, where and what you will need to do now you have a design brief.eg
    • I will collect images on existing products from magazines, catalogues, internet, writing letters to companys, photographs.
    • I will compile a questionnaire/survey to find other peoples views
    • I will use a computer/ graphs to show results
    • I will analyse various pieces of information to enable me to design a suitable product
  • 15. Objective 2 (12 marks)
    • ‘ Research into the Design Brief which leads to a detailed Specification’
  • 16. Examining the purpose of a product
    • It is important now to find out why? And how? Your chosen product was used in the past or is used currently. You can then compare it to see how it is used today- is it just the same?
    • Break down your headings into WHO? WHAT? WHERE? HOW ? And you can produce another brain storm which shows the Purpose, Form and Function of your product
    • Purpose- What it is for?
    • Form- What it is like? What it is made of?
    • Function- How does it achieve it’s purpose?
    • It is important you always give a detailed explanation for your pages. What are you showing on each page and why?
  • 17. Example of Purpose,Form, Function and Needs of user I am looking at the reasons why children wear hats. This will help me design a product that appeals to the need of the children. This also ensures my hat will be safe and practical but fun to wear. Why? Because their parents force them to. My hat should be appealing to children so they want to wear it. For educational purposes a child can learn to dress- Tie and bow, button up. Hat could have picture od animal with word included. Or childs name? For fashion reasons hats can be part of an outfit. What occasion will it be worn? Hats can be worn to protect children’s heads. Must choose fabrics that accompany this depending on occasion to be worn. Is it for indoor or out door use?-Weather? You could also produce a historical page on hats, looking at different styles that have existed. This would help you design uniquely
  • 18. Identify and evaluate existing products
    • Find 6 existing products of similar products to your product. As you did on slide 9 you need to analyse these images with:
    • Fabric used to construct
    • Theme, pattern, design
    • Size range available
    • Price range
    • Range of alternative styles
    • Your view- like or dislike and why? Is it suitable for your target group?
  • 19. Questionnaire/survey and results
    • This is the 2 nd survey in this coursework.
    • Your product , shop and target group should have been identified from objective 1 survey.
    • This questionnaire identifies more specific design features such as what fastenings, fabrics, styles and decoration techniques are preferred.
    • Remember to evaluate your findings.
    • What does it show and how will this help you now?
  • 20. Letter to Shops for research
    • You may not find this relevant to you. Some companies will not write a reply to you. They will get hundreds of letters off school kids so don’t be upset if you don’t hear back. Some will give you web addresses to research off.
    • You are asking for relevant information on their collections, brochures that may help you?
    • A copy of this letter can be added to your project with a note to say why you wrote and if they replied.
  • 21. Mood Board/Theme board
    • You have already produced one of these for objective 1 so you know how to do one.
    • This can be a combination of colours, words, images of objects. They should help identify the user of your product and their lifestyle.
    • You may choose to do half page on colours, half on lifestyle.
    • You may also want to explain these pages briefly if images are not that clear.
  • 22. Detailed Specification
    • This is a detailed description which gives materials, dimensions etc and is written in bullet point form!
    • You should try and answer the following points:
    • Function of your product- What is the purpose of your product?
    • Performance- How and where is the product meant to work?
    • Appearance- Colour, shape, pattern, decoration, fastenings
    • Materials- suitable materials. Characteristics of fabric
  • 23. Specification cont’d
    • Manufacture- it will be made in a batch of 50 (all of you will write this)
    • Cost- use your market research to suggest your cost
    • Target market- which group of people is your product aimed at?
    • Size- dimensions ( needed for duvet as standard sizes)
    • Life in service- how long should your product last?
    • Safety- safe regulations you may need to look at?
    • Quality- using quality assurance and control methods
  • 24. Objective 3 (12 Marks)
    • Generation of Design proposals
  • 25. Design Ideas
    • You will now have an exact product in mind and now you need to start designing your own ideas.
    • Use all the images collected and data to help you.
    • You should produce 6 design ideas . Spread them over various pages so you have enough room to write and describe each idea.
    • If you find it hard to draw then ask for help, we can make things easier for you.
    • Describe your ideas with colours, clear evaluative thoughts. Suggest decoration of fabric, fabrics used, design features
    • By the side of a few of your ideas you need to include star charts to test against your specification points.(I will show you how to do these)
    • Interact with your text and images by drawing arrows to link up
  • 26. Final Design
    • You need to draw up your final chosen design in detail and annotate clearly.
    • You need to colour it appropriately
    • Write an evaluative reason for choosing this design over other designs.
    • Re-address your specification- does it meet the requirements? Write how on page
  • 27. Objective 4 (12 Marks)
    • Product Development
  • 28. In Objective 4 you need to
    • This objective is all about testing and trialling . You need to produce samples of various parts of your product appropriate to what you are designing. For example:
    • Testing the seams you will be using on your edges for strength and decoration. Which one will you use and why?
    • Testing fabric techniques.eg If you are using tie die produce little samples to check colours, which way to fold fabric? Which one do you choose and why?
    • Fastenings? Try sewing a zip in to fabric if you are having one. Is it difficult to do?
    • Just remember to evaluate your decisions. What, when, where, how, why you are choosing this
  • 29. In Objective 4
    • You will cover –materials
    • - Pre-manufactured Components ( Fastenings, patterns, etc)
    • - Processes (production methods) ( Batch, one off, mass etc)
    • You must show modelling of your product. This means you have to test fabrics, stitches, seams, decoration techniques and fastenings where appropriate to your product.
    • A toile is a part of your product made up in calico or cotton. It is a prototype that can be changed. It reduces waste of fabric and cost as it is cheep fabric to practice with
  • 30. Quality Control systems
    • Discuss what Control Systems are?
    • What is Quality Assurance?
    • You need to relate these 2 systems to your product- How and where will these checks come along in the making of your product?
    • Care Labelling- What is a care label? What does it tell you about products?
    • What care symbols will you need for your fabrics chosen?
  • 31. Fabric Investigations
    • You need to explore all the different kinds of materials and processes for you product
    • All fibres have different performance characteristics or properties. Most textile books will give you a chart of fabric characteristics so you can see the good/bad points of each. This is why some fibres are mixed together. This will improve the positive characteristics and give a new fabric.
  • 32. Fabric Testing and Results
    • Here are various tests you could check your fabrics chosen against.
    • Absorbency
    • Insulation
    • Waterproof ness
    • Windproof ness
    • Fading
    • Aftercare- washing, ironing, stain removal
    • Abrasion- does it bobble after wear?
    • Strength
    • Flammability
    • Only test appropriate to your product you don’t have to test against all of these!
  • 33. Production Methods (Write about this relate to your product)
    • Systems are used in industry to manage a process. A process is the way a product is made.
    • Systems can affect quality, efficiency and cost effectiveness.
    • Systems are made up of 3 parts
    • Input Process Output
    • Manpower making of product Completed
    • Materials Product
    • Components
    • Machines
  • 34. Production Methods Advantages/Disadvantages (Write about this- remember yours is a batch of 50)
    • Industrial clothing production is based on average consumer sizes. In women this is size 14.
    • Patterns and sizes are based on size charts and garments are produced in a limited range of sizes eg. UK sizes 6-20. This is called ‘OFF THE PEG’
    • The type of production method depends upon the product type, the amount or number of products to be made, selling price and complexity of design
    • There is also- job production, Batch production, mass production and volume production
  • 35. End of objective 4 you must have:
    • Final specification- this may have changed while you have been testing fabrics and sampling.
    • You need to write anew specification now. It must have exactly the correct information you require to make the product. ( in industry a worker would use a specification to assist the making so it has to be exact).
    • Final drawing of your product with all dimensions and descriptions to complete the working drawing.
  • 36. Objective 5 (52 marks)
    • Product Planning and Realisation
  • 37. In objective 5 you need to
    • Produce a plan of action which shows a thorough understanding of how the product should be made.
    • You can use text and images to show the process of make. Use a flow chart to show the step by step of make. Microsoft word has ‘Autoshape’ symbols to produce one of these.
    • Include relevant quality control points and the industrial manufacturing process
  • 38. In objective 5
    • Tools and equipment page. This shows all have been used effectively. You should explain each tool and each piece of equipment to say how it was used and what it did.
    • Costing sheet (could be done on excel) you should make reference to the existing product sheets where you gathered relevant info on costs. Does yours fit your specification. Compare prices to the user. Could they afford yours?
  • 39. Your final product in Obj 5
    • Your product is marked within objective 5 that is why this objective carries 52 marks.
    • All products should be made to a high standard and is a marketable product. It must show a range of skills.
    • Cut off all loose threads, and neaten edges.
    • Final detail will give you a quality outcome
    • List the new skills you have gained throughout this project
  • 40. Objective 6 (8 marks)
    • Evaluation and Testing
  • 41. Objective 6 A Evaluation is a process used to ensure that the product matches the specification criteria that you set
    • You need to evaluate your product against the following :
    • Fitness for purpose
    • Design Need
    • Needs of the intended user(s)
    • Quality, with the effective use of materials and resources.
    • The process of designing and making
    • Use the bullet point headings from your specification in objective 6 and explain each in detail.
  • 42. Questionnaires and results
    • Write a questionnaire/survey to find out if you met your target audience?
    • Ask questions that evaluate your product and see if you stuck to your design brief? And tally results
    • Example questions
    • Do you like the beading around the top? Yes= No=
    • If not why not? To busy and fussy= Last seasons Fashion=
    • Would you buy this product? Yes= No=
    • Is the price: Reasonable= Expensive= To cheap=
    • Do you think the quality is; Excellent= Good= Average= Poor=
  • 43. Evaluate against Specification
    • Write detailed description on the following from specification eg:
    • Suitability for target
    • Theme
    • Quality of product
    • Materials
    • Life in service
    • Cost
    • Planning (objective 4- experimentation etc)
    • Successes of your product and the process.
    • Time taken
    • Size
    • Manufacture
    • Environmental issues
    • Health and safety issues
    • Overall of whole product
  • 44. Objective 6 evaluating and testing
    • Developing your product further- suggest modifications you could make to your product to enhance its target and design
    • Peoples opinions- you must gather peoples opinions on your product. Constructive words not just ‘Its nice, brilliant, excellent’. Descriptive words!
    • Include a photograph of your product, either flat on a table, being worn or on a dummy.
  • 45. Evaluation against quality
    • What quality control checks did you perform throughout the making of your product? How successful were they in the production of a quality outcome?
    • How did you check the quality of existing products before making your own?
    • How did you check the final quality of your product?
  • 46. Worksheets to help you
    • There are a number of sheets which have been written by OCR which will help you at certain stages of the coursework and with revision. Ask for the appropriate one as and when you need it
    • Fabric Finishes
    • Pleats
    • Quality Control Checks
    • Radar Diagrams (Star charts)
    • Smart Textiles
    • Production Systems
    • Product Planning
    • And many more

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