PASSPORT TO GOING GLOBAL Mexican Regulation Applicable to Fashion &Apparel   Gabriela Campos de Pablo  September 11, 2007 ...
AGENDA <ul><li>Fashion Business in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Protection.  Design Protection. </li></u...
Fashion Business in Mexico <ul><li>Chain Fiber-Textile-Clothing. Strategic sector in Mexico.  </li></ul><ul><li>2001 - 1.2...
Maquiladoras in Mexico Since 2002, the production of clothing has decreased considerably in Mexico.
Future of Clothing Industry in Mexico <ul><li>Governmental and private bodies aware of situation and creating competitiven...
IP Statutory Regulation in Mexico Federal Copyright Law Industrial Property Law Administrative and Criminal  Infringement ...
Design Protection <ul><li>Industry Designs protected as an industrial property right. </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion designs/co...
Future of fashion. Mexican Trademarks <ul><li>To promote Mexican Designers and industry, by promoting </li></ul><ul><li>fo...
 
Licensing and Manufacturing Agreements <ul><li>IP matters:  ruled by Industrial Property Law or Federal Copyright Law. </l...
Intellectual Property <ul><li>Statutory Protection : </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Industrial Property Law and its Regulation  </...
Some License-Related issues to Bear in Mind <ul><li>License Agreements  must be recorded with MIIP  to protect TM against ...
License of Copyright and Related Rights <ul><li>Only economic rights may be transferred-licensed </li></ul><ul><li>No perp...
ENFORCEMENT <ul><li>IPL includes broad and fast protection of IP rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal enforcement.  </li></u...
Enforcement (Administrative) <ul><li>Art. 214 (Administrative Infringement) manufacturing or performing any act leading th...
Enforcement (Criminal) <ul><li>TM Falsification, (willingly and in commercial Scale).  Copied from NAFTA. </li></ul><ul><l...
Custom Authorities Art. 148 Custom Law.  Custom authorities shall be entitled to “suspend free movement of goods”; Art. 50...
Free Trade Agreements
Maquila Maquiladora  or in bond manufacure is a duty-excemption program, approved by the Ministry of Economy in order to i...
Q&A Gabriela Campos Barrera, Siqueiros y Torres Landa, S.C. Paseo de los Tamarindos 150-PB Bosques de las Lomas 05120 M ex...
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Mexican Regulation Applicable To Fashion &Apparel

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Mexican Regulation Applicable To Fashion &Apparel

  1. 1. PASSPORT TO GOING GLOBAL Mexican Regulation Applicable to Fashion &Apparel Gabriela Campos de Pablo September 11, 2007 [email_address]
  2. 2. AGENDA <ul><li>Fashion Business in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Protection. Design Protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture and License Agreements, </li></ul><ul><li>Maquila status </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement-Custom Regulations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fashion Business in Mexico <ul><li>Chain Fiber-Textile-Clothing. Strategic sector in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>2001 - 1.2% of the total GDP and 7.1% of the manufacturing GDP. </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2007 Mexican Production decreased due to importation. </li></ul><ul><li>9 purchasing companies represent 40% of the total of clothing sold. </li></ul><ul><li>Invertex (ZARA). 2nd largest market. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maquiladoras in Mexico Since 2002, the production of clothing has decreased considerably in Mexico.
  5. 5. Future of Clothing Industry in Mexico <ul><li>Governmental and private bodies aware of situation and creating competitiveness programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Counteracting illegal or unfair trade practices </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery of domestic market. </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing demand increase resulted from growing population. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher quality standards </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Investment </li></ul>
  6. 6. IP Statutory Regulation in Mexico Federal Copyright Law Industrial Property Law Administrative and Criminal Infringement Provisions Trademark and Industrial Design protection Design Protection (to the extent possible). Customs Law
  7. 7. Design Protection <ul><li>Industry Designs protected as an industrial property right. </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion designs/copyrighted works. </li></ul><ul><li>No specific copyright provisions applicable to fashion design. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign copyrighted designs protected in Mexico (Berne Convention) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Future of fashion. Mexican Trademarks <ul><li>To promote Mexican Designers and industry, by promoting </li></ul><ul><li>foreign investment </li></ul><ul><li>and “complete product” </li></ul><ul><li>exportation. </li></ul><ul><li>New “fashion” culture (Aero- </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico-Macario Jim énez) . </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican designers and brands. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Licensing and Manufacturing Agreements <ul><li>IP matters: ruled by Industrial Property Law or Federal Copyright Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Breach of IP License Agreements could be brought before a). Civil (or commercial) Courts or b). Administrative or Criminal Courts regarding trademark or infringing actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Damages : Ruled by Civil Courts but taking into account statutory minimum (40%). </li></ul>
  10. 11. Intellectual Property <ul><li>Statutory Protection : </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Industrial Property Law and its Regulation </li></ul><ul><li>1996 Federal Copyright (Author’s Right) Law and Regulation. </li></ul><ul><li>International Treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and artistic Works </li></ul><ul><li>Paris Convention (Industrial Property) </li></ul><ul><li>TRIPS, NAFTA. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Some License-Related issues to Bear in Mind <ul><li>License Agreements must be recorded with MIIP to protect TM against improper use. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican TM required (i.e. Prada) </li></ul><ul><li>Written Agreement required. Designation of whether a licensee is able to bring claims related to trademark infringement or not. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of registration may result in trademark cancellation (elapsing). </li></ul>
  12. 13. License of Copyright and Related Rights <ul><li>Only economic rights may be transferred-licensed </li></ul><ul><li>No perpetual licenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Formalities: Written Document </li></ul><ul><li>Recordal before the Public Copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Registry required in order to be enforceable before </li></ul><ul><li>third parties. </li></ul>
  13. 14. ENFORCEMENT <ul><li>IPL includes broad and fast protection of IP rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal enforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>FCL refers to IPL administrative procedures in case of economic right infringement. </li></ul><ul><li>IPL includes administrative infringement and criminal provisions </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Criminal Code include ©-related criminal provisions </li></ul>
  14. 15. Enforcement (Administrative) <ul><li>Art. 214 (Administrative Infringement) manufacturing or performing any act leading the consumer to wrongfully believe that a third party has granted enough authorization. </li></ul><ul><li>Unauthorized use of TM in similar products. </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties in addition to damages caused. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Enforcement (Criminal) <ul><li>TM Falsification, (willingly and in commercial Scale). Copied from NAFTA. </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal conduct. Imprisonment and no bail is applicable ( delito grave). </li></ul>
  16. 17. Custom Authorities Art. 148 Custom Law. Custom authorities shall be entitled to “suspend free movement of goods”; Art. 50 TRIPS.
  17. 18. Free Trade Agreements
  18. 19. Maquila Maquiladora or in bond manufacure is a duty-excemption program, approved by the Ministry of Economy in order to incentive manufacturing in Mexico. Companies are benefited from the Maquila program since the program exempts such Companies from the payment of import duties when importing temporary raw materials, machinery and equipment required to produce some products to be totally or partially exported.
  19. 20. Q&A Gabriela Campos Barrera, Siqueiros y Torres Landa, S.C. Paseo de los Tamarindos 150-PB Bosques de las Lomas 05120 M exico D.F. 11520
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