Mentoring Presentation May 05

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Mentoring Presentation May 05

  1. 1. Choosing the Right Mentor and the Right Academic Job Digestive Diseases Week James L. Madara, MD Sara & Harold Lincoln Thompson Distinguished Service Professor & Dean Biological Sciences Division & The Pritzker School of Medicine Vice President for Medical Affairs May 18, 2005 University of Chicago
  2. 2. Finding the Right Mentor: Characteristics of Mentors <ul><li>Share interests and projects 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Define expectations of the mentoring relationship 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Provide availability and accessibility 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize mentees’ independence and are generous in providing credit for their contributions 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Remain open to mentees’ concerns about performance, collegial interactions, and the workplace environment 2 </li></ul>1. Medical College of Wisconsin Mentor Program. Accessed at http://www.mcw.edu/display/router.asp?docid=1130 , April 11, 2005. 2. UC Davis School of Medicine: Mentoring Program Guide for Selecting a Mentor and Establishing a Mentoring Relationship. Available at http://med-acaffairs.ucdavis.edu/development/Mentor_Guides.htm
  3. 3. Finding the Right Mentor: Why a Mentor Is Needed <ul><li>Navigating a new environment </li></ul><ul><li>Translating academic heritage (promotions, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual sounding-board </li></ul><ul><li>Compass reference at times of confusion </li></ul><ul><li>A champion of your career </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of an investment (from an institutional/dean’s perspective) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Finding the Right Mentor: How to Find the “Right” Mentor <ul><li>Understand your aspiration for a mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the mentors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they available, successful, approachable, well connected both within and outside the institution, and willing to invest time in you? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recognize that more than one mentor may be needed </li></ul><ul><li>Explicitly state your role in the mentoring relationship and your recognition of the mentor’s contributions to your career development (conversation not interview) </li></ul>UC Davis School of Medicine: Mentoring Program Guide for Selecting a Mentor and Establishing a Mentoring Relationship. Available at http://med-acaffairs.ucdavis.edu/development/Mentor_Guides.htm
  5. 5. Finding the Right Mentor: What the Mentor Provides <ul><li>Constructive and timely feedback 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor mentees’ academic process 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Direct mentees to appropriate channels for resolving and advancing professional issues 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for mentees and provide professional exposure 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Alert mentees to appropriate career opportunities in education, skills workshops, funding, etc 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Seriously review mentees’ academic product </li></ul>1. Medical College of Wisconsin Mentor Program. Accessed at http://www.mcw.edu/display/router.asp?docid=1130 , April 11, 2005. 2. UC Davis School of Medicine: Mentoring Program Guide for Selecting a Mentor and Establishing a Mentoring Relationship. Available at http://med-acaffairs.ucdavis.edu/development/Mentor_Guides.htm
  6. 6. Finding the Right Mentor: What You Owe Your Mentor <ul><li>Meet regularly in a fashion which honors his/her style and schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Share aspirations and challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim for a professional, collegial relationship (not an emotionally needy one) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seek continuous feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Be nondefensive </li></ul><ul><li>Take initiative </li></ul>
  7. 7. Finding the Right Academic Job: Wants and Direction <ul><li>What is most fulfilling to you </li></ul><ul><li>What are the actual cadences of such careers </li></ul><ul><li>Think of the 35-year period of the career but: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize flexibility in our field </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify and evaluate those who have established like careers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Finding the Right Academic Job: How to Think About Risks <ul><li>Many advise broad training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Buys” insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However: Less focused and longer duration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you know what you love? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If not, try to define ASAP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If so, go with it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Principle: In biomedicine, career “insurance” may simply lower your chances of being immersed in what you love. Don’t worry that if you are not broadly trained, you will risk driving a cab—it’s not going to happen. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Finding the Right Academic Job: Setting Goals <ul><li>Immerse yourself (But recognize: marathon, not sprint) </li></ul><ul><li>Most careers are a blend of planning and the stochastic (Be attentive to opportunity) </li></ul><ul><li>Realistically appraise personal elements and consequences (Be proactive in taking account of such) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Finding the Right Academic Job: Setting Goals (continued) <ul><li>Trust instinctual senses </li></ul><ul><li>Search for those at the institution being considered who have like aspirations, career phenotypes (Are they successful? Are they attractive colleagues?) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify potential mentors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Finding the Right Academic Job: Importance of the Department Chair <ul><li>Does the Chair value your career type? (Attention to actions, objectivity here) </li></ul><ul><li>Does the Institution reflect the Chair’s values? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the Chair had a career phenotype like that you aspire to? </li></ul><ul><li>Do those of your career phenotype do well in the setting? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Finding the Right Academic Job: Importance of the Department Chair (continued)
  13. 13. Finding the Right Academic Job: Importance of the Department Chair (continued) <ul><li>Is the “job description” defined? (If not, is that due to your vagueness) </li></ul><ul><li>The “Madara rule” (If two people are hit by a bus…) </li></ul><ul><li>What if leadership is turning over soon? (Risk exists, analyze institutional nature) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Finding the Right Academic Job: The Package <ul><li>Resources: Not just money and space (Intellectual resources often overlooked, often are the most important) </li></ul><ul><li>Time resources: Is there a plan to use it well and a fertile environment for such (If not, it will dissipate) </li></ul><ul><li>Salary: AAMC data exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits: Not the deciding factor/not to be overlooked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At-risk component: Who decides and how? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Malpractice: Is this in your P&L? Is investigation so “taxed”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical: Is there a reasonable period of protection? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research: What are the salary recovery expectations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space (investigative): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry—more predictable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet—400 to 1000 sq ft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policies of space distribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meaning to you </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider Cores </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Finding the Right Academic Job: The Package (continued) <ul><li>Nonsalary $: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry—computation sufficiency/variable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet—$300K to $1 million over 3 to 4 years (± unrecovered salary accounts partly for wide spread) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical versus Basic Science Departments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Record of Postdocs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to training grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cores </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PhD: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical versus Basic Science Departments (Evaluate Institution, remember Madara rule) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AAMC data exist </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Finding the Right Academic Job: Job Search Process <ul><li>First Visit: View as first date (Focus on fit, not detail) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of seminar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize interview/interviewee mix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help set up day(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bidirectional analysis of colleagues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting the PM challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow-up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Visit: Now we’re serious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to identify the “closet” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources (often Chair at visit’s end) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare overview </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know why a resource is needed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think “business plan,” get it right the first time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize your accountabilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ask for mentoring committee </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Never exclude significant other(s) from this visit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate personal elements (housing, schools) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A pre-first visit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A third visit </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Differences in Academic Medical Centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you’ve seen one, you’ve seen one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to promotions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study criteria for evaluation/promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attend workshops if given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reality test published criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be pro-active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ie, Letters of support required in five years? Is there a Departmental seminar series? </li></ul></ul>Finding the Right Academic Job: Understanding the Future
  18. 18. <ul><li>Other: Women and underrepresented minorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure the environment is healthy; is there a venue for fellowship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch out for over-participation in administrative areas (What you need trumps what others need in this area; good citizenship does not require that you do more than others) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other: Adapting to a new environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be flexible; when “closet” opens, expect it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin with benefit of doubt extended to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure there is enjoyment; life is too short </li></ul></ul>Finding the Right Academic Job: Understanding the Future (continued)
  19. 19. Summary <ul><li>Academic Careers: a good choice </li></ul><ul><li>Success requires your input: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just in clinical care/research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In identifying mentoring system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In biasing toward promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In displaying pragmatism and practicality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Put yourself in others’ shoes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your Chair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your colleagues, particularly during tense times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your significant other </li></ul></ul>

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