Medium Term Philippine Development Plan

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  • it is my pleasure to present the Medium Term Philippine Development Plan, 2004-2010.
  • Medium Term Philippine Development Plan

    1. 1. MEDIUM TERM PHILIPPINE DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2004-2010 National Economic and Development Authority January 24, 2005
    2. 2. THE BASIC TASKS “ The basic task of our Medium-Term Philippine Development Plan for 2004-2010 is to fight poverty and build prosperity for the greatest number of Filipino people. We must open up economic opportunities, maintain socio-political stability, and promote good stewardship --- all to ensure a better quality of life for all our citizens. We will focus on strategic measures and activities that will spur economic growth and create jobs. This can only be done with a common purpose to put our economic house back in working order.” -President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    3. 3. Economic Growth & Job Creation Energy Social Justice & Basic Needs Education & Youth Opportunity Anti-Corruption & Good Governance Fight poverty and build prosperity for the greatest number Trade & Investment Agribusiness Environment & Natural Resources Housing Construction Tourism Infrastructure Fiscal Strength The Financial Sector Labor Energy Independence Power Sector Reforms Responding to Basic Needs of the Poor National Harmony: Automated Elections National Harmony: The Peace Process National Harmony: Healing the Wounds of EDSA Basic Needs: Peace and Order Rule of Law Education Science & Technology Anti-Corruption Bureaucratic Reforms Culture Responsive Foreign Policy Constitutional Reforms Defense Against Threats to National Security
    4. 4. THE BASIC TASKS (10-Point Agenda) <ul><li>Creation of ten million jobs (including support for 3 million entrepreneurs and development of 2 million new agribusiness land) </li></ul><ul><li>Education for all of school age (including putting a computer in every high school) </li></ul><ul><li>Budget Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization of development through network of transport and digital infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Power and water supply throughout the country </li></ul><ul><li>Decongestion of Metro Manila </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Clark and Subic as the most competitive service and logistics center in Southeast Asian region </li></ul><ul><li>Automated elections </li></ul><ul><li>Peace to Mindanao and all insurgency areas </li></ul><ul><li>Just closure of divisive issues from EDSA 1,2 and 3 </li></ul>
    5. 5. THE MACROECONOMY MACROECONOMIC TARGETS 1/ Emerging forecast is 6.2 % for 2004. The inflation target for 2 005 has also been revised upwards to 5-6 percent. 2/ Preliminary 3.0-4.0 3.0-4.0 3.0-4.0 3.0-4.0 4.0-5.0 4.0-5.0 4.0-5.0 Inflation (%) 1/ 27.7 25.8 24.1 22.5 21.4 20.3 20.1 Investment-to-GDP / 0.0 (0.2) (1.1) (2.0) (2.9) (3.6) (4.2) NG Deficit/GDP 1.0 3.0 3.9 4.6 5.3 6.0 6.7 CPSD/GDP 2/ 7.0-8.0 7.0-8.0 6.8-7.8 6.5-7.5 6.3-7.3 5.3-6.3 4.9-5.8 1/ GDP Growth (%) 84.3 74.3 65.4 58.2 52.3 47.4 43.1 Exports of goods and services ($Bn) 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2010 2006
    6. 6. 1/ Average of January, April, July 2004 surveys 2/ Fighting target is to reduce poverty incidence by half from 28.41% in 2000 (34% based on population). Poverty incidence targets are based on population growth forecast of 1.93% in 2005-2010and 2.11 in 2000-2005 from 2.34 % in 2000-2005 THE MACROECONOMY MACROECONOMIC TARGETS MDGs are also likely to be achieved with the successful implementation of the Plan. 8.9 9.7 10.4 11.1 11.6 11.9 12.1 Unemployment Rate (%) 1/ 17.88 19.04 20.31 21.61 22.93 24.35 25.69 Poverty Incidence (% of Families) 2/ 11.30 11.76 12.31 12.87 13.42 14.10 14.95 Subsistence Incidence 320- 371 321- 370 309- 355 297- 342 298- 340 290- 331 203 Agriculture 366- 431 333- 391 299- 351 265- 312 249- 291 174- 212 234 Industry 1009- 1279 941- 1184 894- 1114 818- 1016 717- 896 565- 713 803 Services 1695- 2081 1594- 1945 1502- 1821 1380- 1669 1263- 1527 1029- 1256 1240 Net Job Creation (in thousand) 1/ 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2010 2006
    7. 7. <ul><li>PART 1: </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMIC GROWTH AND JOB CREATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 1: Trade and Investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 2: Agribusiness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 3: Environment and Natural Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 4: Housing Construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 5: Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 6: Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport Infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clark-Subic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 7: Fiscal Strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 8: The Financial Sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 9: Labor </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>High Skill: software, business processing outsourcing or BPO, contact centers, fashion garments, jewelry, medical services, automotive, electronics, health care </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Skill: agribusiness, mining, tourism, hotels and restaurants, entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Skill: construction, SMEs, micro-enterprise </li></ul>TRADE AND INVESTMENT JOB GENERATION THRUSTS
    9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Make food plentiful at competitive prices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce cost of electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernize infrastructure and logistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobilize and disseminate knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce red tape </li></ul></ul>TRADE AND INVESTMENT GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    10. 10. TRADE AND INVESTMENT * Assumes co-opting by GSIS and SSS P43.5 At least 0.9 M 0.80 M 4.3 M Additional Jobs Increase from Base of P214 B (O.B. Sept. 2003) P283.0 B* P43.5 B Triple SME Lending Micro-finance Initiatives SULONG GFI Contribution Private Financial Institutions Projected Loan Releases
    11. 11. <ul><li>Promote trade and investments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclude JPEPA, ASEAN PIP, ASEAN China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximize exports and investment opportunities offered by trade agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursue a market-driven strategy that will link our supply capacity closer to the high-impact markets, e.g. US, Japan, EU, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify export procedures and facilitation </li></ul></ul>TRADE AND INVESTMENT GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    12. 12. <ul><li>Focus Incentives Package on priority areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IT and IT-enabled Services (Section VII) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electronics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mining (Chapter IV) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Healthcare and wellness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism (Chapter VI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shipbuilding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fashion Garments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jewelry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agribusiness </li></ul></ul></ul>TRADE AND INVESTMENT GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    13. 13. <ul><li>Develop 2 million hectares of new lands for agribusiness; this will generate 2 million jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multicropping; cultivation of idle and marginal lands; expansion of fishery in offshore and inland waters; expansion of product mix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million lands to be identified by June 2005 </li></ul></ul>AGRIBUSINESS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    14. 14. AGRIBUSINESS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Make food plentiful at competitive prices and fight for self-sufficiency in rice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity gains through production, credit support, and S&T application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics support to raise distribution efficiency and shorten supply chain to minimize marketing margins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance and institutional reforms with DA, DAT, DENR, and regulatory agencies </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Pursue sustainable and more productive utilization of natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Promote responsible mining </li></ul></ul>ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS 3. Protection of vulnerable and ecologically fragile areas 4. Create healthier environment for the population <ul><li>reforestation of 1 million hectares in 140 priority watersheds </li></ul><ul><li>provide drinking water to 200 “waterless” barangays in Metro Manila and 200 “waterless” municipalities outside Metro Manila </li></ul>5. Mitigate the impact of natural disasters
    16. 16. <ul><li>Expand private sector participation in socialized housing finance and construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase out interest rate subsidies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast-track disposition of NPAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop joint venture schemes with private sector for HDMF, GSIS, SSS members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Address the housing needs of formal and informal sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and piot-test public rental, 99-year lease, lease/purchase, and shared ownershuip </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the institutional capacity of housing agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevate HUDCC into a DHUD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operationalize the Social Housing Finance Corp to raise funds for housing constuction </li></ul></ul>HOUSING MAJOR HOUSING STRATEGIES
    17. 17. <ul><li>MAJOR DESTINATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cebu/Bohol/Camiguin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manila-Tagaytay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palawan: Construct Coron Airport (to International Standards) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MINOR DESTINATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vigan/Laoag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clark-Subic (Infra Chapter) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SPECIAL INTEREST DESTINATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baguio/Banaue/Cordillera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boracay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>POTENTIAL MAJOR DESTINATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Davao </li></ul></ul>DESTINATION FOCUS TOURISM
    18. 18. <ul><li>Complete Nautical Highway System to reduce transport cost </li></ul><ul><li>Decongest Metro Manila and create new centers of government in Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao </li></ul><ul><li>Provide access to major tourism destinations </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative action for peace and development in Mindanao and other highly impoverished areas </li></ul>INFRASTRUCTURE GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS I. TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
    19. 19. INFRASTRUCTURE I. TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE Completion of the Nautical Highway System (Roll-on-roll-off (RORO) ports and the highways connecting them) to reduce transport cost Eastern Nautical Highway Central Nautical Highway Western Nautical Highway
    20. 20. FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Review the BOT law to provide a framework for joint ventures </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a users pay policy </li></ul><ul><li>Consider property tax/special levy to capture part of windfall gains accruing to private owners from a public highway development </li></ul>
    21. 21. II. DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Reducing the Cost of Interconnectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permit new entrants to promote competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Come up with clear policy on internet telephony </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulatory/Legal Framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure independence of NTC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work for the passage of Convergence Bill to spur development of cable technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve teaching of English, Science, and Math </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerate use of internet and e-learning in schools </li></ul></ul>INFRASTRUCTURE
    22. 22. Fiscal Program, 2004-2010 with Legislative and Administrative Measures (Ratio to GDP) 1/ Preliminary targets; Public sector debt figures still include intra-sectoral debt FISCAL SECTOR 53.5 59.5 64.7 71.2 76.7 81.2 79.4 78.0 NG Outstanding Debt (w/ P200 billion NPC debt absorption) 51.2 56.9 61.8 68.0 73.2 77.3 79.4 78.0 NG Outstanding Debt (Baeline:w/o NPC debt absorption) 57.0 63.4 69.0 76.0 82.0 87.1 79.4 78.0 NG Outstanding Debt (w/ P500 billion NPC debt absorption) 18.0 17.8 17.5 16.7 16.6 16.2 14.6 14.6 Revenues 18.0 18.0 18.6 18.7 19.5 19.8 18.8 19.2 Disbursements 4.2 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.2 2.4 2.6 of which: Capital Outlay 0.0 -0.2 -1.1 -2.0 -2.9 -3.6 -4.2 -4.6 NG Balance 1.0 3.0 3.9 4.6 5.3 6.0 6.7 5.5 CPSD 1/ 90 94 101 108 116 123 136 137.5 Public Sector Debt 1/ 2003 Actual 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2010 2006
    23. 23. Fiscal Program, 2004-2010 with Legislative and Administrative Measures (In billion Pesos) 1/ Preliminary targets; Public sector debt figures still include intra-sectoral debt FISCAL SECTOR <ul><li>Not available </li></ul>4603.57 4598.89 4498.64 4457.25 4337.42 4160.48 3689.93 3355.11 NG Outstanding Debt (w/ P200 billion NPC debt absorption) 4403.57 4398.89 4298.64 4257.25 4137.42 3960.48 3689.93 3355.11 NG Outstanding Debt (Baseline: w/o NPC debt absorption) 4903.57 4898.89 4798.64 4757.25 4637.42 4460.48 3689.93 3355.11 NG Outstanding Debt (w/ P500 billion NPC debt absorption) 1550.58 1373.28 1215.15 1043.36 941.31 830.83 676.41 626.63 Revenues 1550.58 1387.64 1294.18 1170.36 1103.08 1015.35 874.23 826.50 Disbursements 360.31 271.62 231.08 194.22 177.99 164.81 111.02 111.89 of which: Capital Outlay 0.00 -14.36 -79.03 -127.00 -161.77 -184.53 -197.82 -199.87 NG Balance - - - - - - - 234.85 CPSD 1/ - - - - - - - - Public Sector Debt 1/ 2003 Actual 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2010 2006
    24. 24. <ul><li>Generate at least P 80 billion from eight (8) new tax measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexation of excise tax on cigarettes and alcohol products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-step increase in VAT rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excise tax on petroleum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalization of Fiscal Incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Franchise tax on telecommunications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Tax Amnesty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral Attrition System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gross Income Taxation </li></ul></ul>FISCAL STRENGTH LEGISLATIVE TAX MEASURES
    25. 25. <ul><li>Periodic adjustment of fees and charges at an average of 10 percent annually to ensure cost recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff rate adjustment increasing duty on oil from 3% to 5% </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Sources of Wealth Creation </li></ul><ul><li>M echanisms to encourage voluntary compliance and strengthen tax enforcement at BIR </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce smuggling and speed up custom procedure processing at BOC </li></ul>FISCAL STRENGTH ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE MEASURES
    26. 26. <ul><ul><li>Fiscal Responsibility Bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Omnibus Reengineering Bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalization of Government Retirement and Pension Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalization of Government Compensation Scheme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of Automatic Guarantee Provision in certain GOCCs </li></ul></ul>FISCAL STRENGTH LEGISLATIVE EXPENDITURE MEASURES
    27. 27. <ul><li>Austerity Program </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalization of scope and functions of government agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Operationalization of the Medium Term Public Investment Program </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the ICC process </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of management of GOCCs </li></ul><ul><li>Full implementation of devolution provision of LGC </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate and spend on right things, i.e., Plan priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to the General Fund all balances of dormant accounts </li></ul>FISCAL STRENGTH ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURE MEASURES
    28. 28. FINANCIAL SECTOR GOALS, STRATEGIES, AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Manage inflation through inflation targeting and supply side measures </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate reduction of NPLs </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent and minimize systemic risks by strengthening regulatory framework and creating an environment of transparency and accountability in line with international standards </li></ul><ul><li>Improve liquidity by </li></ul><ul><li>Protect investor and creditor rights </li></ul><ul><li>Tap savings through new products (e.g., PERA Bill) </li></ul><ul><li>Remove double taxation of insurance products </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalize government pension and retirement schemes and designate pension fund regulator </li></ul><ul><li>Increase SME access to financing </li></ul>TARGET: Increase savings rate to 30 percent by 2010
    29. 29. <ul><li>Employment Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Employment Preservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance worker-employer relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick action on labor cases and quick response teams to assist workers. </li></ul></ul>LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Employment Enhancement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve workers’ competency, productivity and work values, work conditions, remuneration, protection and welfare (here or abroad) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment Facilitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate access of Filipino workers to employment opportunities in the local and overseas labor market </li></ul></ul>Government shall promote full, decent and productive employment for every Filipino worker.
    30. 30. <ul><li>PART TWO </li></ul><ul><li>ENERGY </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 10: Energy Independence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 11: Power Sector Reforms </li></ul></ul></ul>
    31. 31. ENERGY INDEPENDENCE GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Energy Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase Oil & Gas Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen PNOC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand use of Nat Gas and accelerate development of alternative fuels such as coconut bio-diesel and ethanol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forge strong strategic alliances to secure the supply of oil </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. ENERGY INDEPENDENCE GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>2. Energy Efficiency and Conservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display fuel economy ratings in car showrooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 percent reduction in consumption by government offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy labeling for appliances/equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set heat rate standards for power plants </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. POWER SECTOR REFORMS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Address NPC Losses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Privatization of Transco, NPC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debt absorption by NG of P 200 bn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff adjustments to reflect the true cost of power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strive to Reduce Electricity Rates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish WESM for bulk electricity and open access for retail pruchase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen electric cooperatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiate with IPPs to reduce stranded costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote time of use electricity pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove intragrid, integrid, and interclass cross subsidy by 2005 </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. POWER SECTOR REFORMS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Encourage Private Sector Participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEM and retail competition with open access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privatization of NPC-SPUG areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow Qualified Third Parties, instead of distribution utilities to provide missionary electrification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow investment management contracts for ECs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensure Sufficient and Reliable Power and System Efficiency Improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prioritize Transco projects which address transmission line constraints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total Barangay Electrification by 2008 </li></ul>
    35. 35. PART THREE SOCIAL JUSTICE AND BASIC NEEDS Chapter 12: Basic Needs: Anti-Poverty Program Chapter 13: National Harmony: Automated Elections Chapter 14: National Harmony: The Peace Process Chapter 15: National Harmony: Healing The Wounds of EDSA Chapter 16: Basic Need: Peace and Order Chapter 17: Basic Need: Rule of Law
    36. 36. RESPONSDING TO BASIC NEEDS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Livelihood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support 3 million entrepreneurs and triple loans for self-employed and microenterprises and hard to reach areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Asset reform: agrarian, urban land, ancestral areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete land reform by 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Essential services: clean water, power, education, health care/insurance, and protection of the vulnerable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potable water for the entire country, electrification of all barangays, and closure of classroom gap by 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction of price of medicine by half from 2004 levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>87 percent health insurance coverage by 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible parenthood counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Empowerment of the poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BY 2008, KALAHI CIDSS to have assisted 10 million poor Filipinos </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. NATIONAL HARMONY: AUTOMATED ELECTIONS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Automate elections </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the party system and consider state financing of political parties </li></ul><ul><li>Intensify voter education in coordination with civil society groups </li></ul>
    38. 38. <ul><ul><li>Peacemaking and Peacekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuation of peace talks and conclusion of peace agreements (MILF,CPP-NPA-NDF, RPA, RPMM) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complementary measures to minimize violence arising from armed conflicts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full implementation of existing final peace agreements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation of enhanced reintegration, rehabilitation and amnesty program </li></ul></ul></ul>NATIONAL HARMONY: THE PEACE PROCESS GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><ul><li>2. Peacebuiding and Conflict Prevention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation and development of conflict areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catch-up development program for ARMM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct of healing and reconciliation programs in conflict-affected areas </li></ul></ul></ul>
    39. 39. NATIONAL HARMONY: HEALING THE WOUNDS OF EDSA GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>Accelerate compensation to victims of human rights violations </li></ul><ul><li>Consult people nationwide regarding their views on how to pursue national reconciliation and national unity </li></ul><ul><li>Provide safe venues for victims and perpetrators of oppression for sharing of experiences and addressing needs </li></ul><ul><li>Pursue reforms in military as provided in the Davide and Feliciano Commissions </li></ul><ul><li>Design and implement creative approaches for handling conflicts involving leading figures deposed on Feb 1986 and Jan 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate legislation on national security </li></ul>
    40. 40. Strategy 1: Effective credible law enforcement jointly executed by a trilateral partnership between the local executive, the police and the community BASIC NEEDS: PEACE AND ORDER Strategy 2: Pursue professionalization of the PNP <ul><ul><li>Strategy 3: Continuous and intensified operations to neutralize terrorism and other organized crime groups </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. <ul><li>COURTS AND ADJUDICATION PILLAR </li></ul><ul><li>LAW ENFORCEMENT (See Chapter: Peace and Order) </li></ul><ul><li>PROSECUTION PILLAR </li></ul><ul><li>CORRECTIONS AND REHABILITATION PILLAR </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNITY PILLAR </li></ul>BASIC NEEDS: RULE OF LAW GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    42. 42. PART FOUR EDUCATION AND YOUTH OPPORTUNITY Chapter 18: Education Chapter 19: Science and Technology Chapter 20: Culture
    43. 43. EDUCATION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>EARLY CHILDHOOD and BASIC EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-school as a prerequisite to Grade 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Close the classroom gap </li></ul><ul><li>Install distance learning in conflict areas </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade Math, Science, English learning and teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalize values formation </li></ul><ul><li>Optional high school bridge program </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen Madrasah education </li></ul>
    44. 44. EDUCATION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>B. TECHINICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING (TVET) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ladderized interface between TVI and higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarship and assistance programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving TVET curricula and skill matching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tapping private sector, LGUs. NGOs in TVET education </li></ul></ul>
    45. 45. EDUCATION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>HIGHER EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Provide scholarships/financial assistance to disadvantaged sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the pre-baccalaureate program as a remedial scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Develop centers of excellence which will have links with industry </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum upgrading/faculty development </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalize creation and funding of SUCs </li></ul>
    46. 46. <ul><li>Promote innovation through lower processing fees for inventions, patent protection, and more attractive royalty sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Improve competitiveness of S&T workers by setting and implementing accreditation and certification system and the Balik Scientist Program </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerate knowledge creation and transfer though community e-centers and extension/training </li></ul><ul><li>Promote technology-based entrepreneurship </li></ul>SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    47. 47. <ul><li>Mainstreaming Culture and Development in plans, policies, programs and projects </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalize culture in education and in good governance </li></ul><ul><li>Continue implementation of programs for the promotion of culture and artistic development </li></ul><ul><li>Promote sustainable heritage conservation approach e </li></ul><ul><li>Create special cultural programs in line with national peace and unification initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage the generation of jobs or livelihood from cultural industries </li></ul><ul><li>Expand cultural exchanges and agreements with other countries </li></ul>CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    48. 48. PART FIVE ANTI-CORRUPTION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE Chapter 21: Anti-Corruption Chapter 22: Bureaucratic Reforms Chapter 23: Defense Reforms Chapter 24: Responsive Foreign Policy Chapter 25: Constitutional Reform
    49. 49. ANTI-CORRUPTION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS <ul><li>PUNITIVE ANTI-CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted Lifestyle checks </li></ul><ul><li>Make BIR and BOC as showcases </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen investigative capacity of Ombudsman </li></ul><ul><li>Pass law to make Ombudsman like HK-ICAC </li></ul>
    50. 50. <ul><li>PREVENTIVE ANTI-CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen procurement reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen National Government Accounting System (NGAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify and speed up frontline services </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and Address Corruption Vulnerabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Open up government projects to scrutiny by all sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Enact Whistle-blower Law </li></ul>ANTI-CORRUPTION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    51. 51. <ul><li>PROMOTE ZERO TOLERNACE FOR CORRUPTION </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Values Seminars in government and school (Council on Values Formation) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilization of the formal and non-formal educational system, the media and civic organization to deliver the message of societal reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Revise the basic education curriculum to accommodate values formation </li></ul>ANTI-CORRUPTION GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    52. 52. <ul><li>Government reengineering and salary upgrading for those who will remain </li></ul><ul><li>Promote professionalism, meritocracy, and integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Use ICT as a toll to improve access to and delivery of government service </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalization of government agencies (e.g, ATO, PPA, MMDA, DOTC, NTC, NIA, NWRB, LLDA, ERC, TEZA, CDA, HUDCC, SHFC, LWUA) </li></ul>BUREAUCRATIC REFORM GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    53. 53. <ul><li>Strategy 1: Implement the Philippine Defense Reform (PDR) program through: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy 2: Upgrade the capability of the AFP over a 6-year period </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy 3: Ensure observance of the ceasefire </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy 4: Enhancing the ability to fight terrorism </li></ul>DEFENSE AGAINST THREATS TO NATIONAL SECURITY REFORMS
    54. 54. RESPONSIVE FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>The United States, China and Japan are the determining influence of East Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine foreign policy decisions have to be made in the context of ASEAN. </li></ul><ul><li>The international Islamic community will become more important to the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>The role of multilateral and inter-regional organizations in promoting common interests. </li></ul><ul><li>The defense of the nation’s sovereignty and the protection of its rights over maritime territory. </li></ul><ul><li>The country’s economic growth will continue to require direct foreign investment and trade promotion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines can benefit most quickly from international tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Overseas Filipinos will continue to play a critical role in the country’s economic and social stability </li></ul>STRATEGY: Protecting the interest of the Philippines by responding to the eight realities in the global and regional environment
    55. 55. <ul><ul><li>Shift to unicameral parliamentary form of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change from centralized unitary system to decentralized federal system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural and functional reforms affecting the electoral and political party systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defining political dynasty and make prohibition self-executory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reforms on national economy and patrimony to bring in investments </li></ul></ul>CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM GOALS, STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS
    56. 56. Thank You.

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