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Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
Master Category Clusters(Textile)
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Master Category Clusters(Textile)

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  • 1. Presented by Zero Waste Blueprint for Sustainability
  • 2. Z ero W aste = <ul><li>Zero Waste </li></ul><ul><li>(efficiency in operations) </li></ul><ul><li>Create jobs from discards </li></ul><ul><li>End welfare for wasting </li></ul><ul><li>(level the playing field, tax reform) </li></ul>
  • 3. Efficiency in Operations <ul><li>Matter and energy are constants E=MC2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stuff exists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There is no “away” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your away is my backyard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No such thing as a free lunch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your free lunch is your grandchildren's dinner </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Revenue and Jobs from Discards 47,030,000 1,000,000 2,055 Total 30,000 15 2,000 4 12. Chemicals 8,000,000 200 40,000 340 11. Textiles 11,000,000 100 110,000 1,020 10. Polymers 300,000 10 30,000 75 9. Glass 2,400,000 40 60,000 35 8. Metals 70,000 7 10,000 20 7. Soils 80,000 4 20,000 7 6. Ceramics 320,000 4 40,000 24 5. Wood 1,330,000 7 190,000 85 4. Putrescibles 700,000 7 100,000 30 3. Plant Trimmings 7,400,000 20 370,000 65 2. Paper 15,400,000 550 28,000 350 1. Reuse Total Value of Discards in Delaware ($) Market Price $/T ( est .) Tons per Year Jobs Clean Dozen SM Master Categories
  • 5. End Welfare for Wasting (level the playing field, tax reform)
  • 6. R esponsibility • Producer Responsibility (What you produce and how you produce it) <ul><li>Consumer Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>(What you buy) </li></ul>
  • 7. Producer Responsibility Products that don’t hurt the environment or the workers and consumers
  • 8. Consumer Responsibility Buy products that can be repaired, recycled or composted
  • 9. Z ero W aste M anagement <ul><li>Down Stream </li></ul><ul><ul><li>• Composting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Recycling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Up Stream </li></ul><ul><ul><li>• Clean Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Product Redesign </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Who’s doing it? Communities in California that have adopted Zero Waste as a goal now include: </li></ul><ul><li>City of El Cajon </li></ul><ul><li>City and County of San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>Cities of Oakland, Palo Alto and Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>Counties of San Luis Obispo and Del Norte </li></ul><ul><li>Marin County Solid Waste Management Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Cruz County (and separate adoption of </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Waste as a goal by all 4 cities in the county) </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>The following companies are already diverting </li></ul><ul><li>90% or more of their waste: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anheuser-Busch, Fairfield, CA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>American Honda Motor Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apple Computer, Elk Grove, CA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bank of America </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epson, Inc., Hillsboro, OR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fetzer Vineyards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hewlett-Packard, Roseville, CA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kaiser Permanente </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pillsbury, Eden Prairie facility , MN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ricoh Electronics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>San Diego Wild Animal Park </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seaman's Beverages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toyota </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vons-Safeway, Southern California and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Southern Nevada District </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Walt Disney Company </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Xerox Corp., Rochester, NY </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 12. Why are these communities and businesses implementing Zero Waste programs?
  • 13. It’s a win, win, win, win thing for all of us… <ul><li>Creates jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Saves wildlife and ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Saves taxpayers and businesses money </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces pressure on raw or virgin resources </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces pollution (including greenhouse gas emissions) </li></ul>Benefits of Zero Waste:
  • 14. A simple formula: Sustainability equals Zero Wasting <ul><li>Population increases exponentially </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution, food per capita follow </li></ul><ul><li>Resources decrease </li></ul><ul><li>Value of recycled resources increase </li></ul><ul><li>“ Limits to Growth” meadows </li></ul>
  • 15. Rather than cradle to grave disposal, Zero Waste favors cradle to cradle , and a closed loop economy Black Hole
  • 16. <ul><li>Zero Waste Employs the 6 “R’s” of Sustainable Resource Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R educe ( source reduction ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R edesign (reduced packaging, longer lasting products, recycled materials or materials that are recyclable, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R epair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R euse ( durable vs . single use products, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> i . e . cameras , napkins ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R ecycle ( everything else ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R egulate </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Zero Waste Programs Create New Jobs and New Industries 1 Landfilling and Incineration 4 Composting 10 Conventional Materials Recovery Facilities 93 Plastic product manufacturers 26 Glass product manufacturers 18 Paper mills 25 Recycling-Based Manufacturers 28 Wooden pallet repair 62 Misc. durable reuse 85 Textile reclamation 296 Computer reuse Product Reuse Type of Operation Jobs per 10,000 TPY
  • 18. How do we get to Zero Waste (or darn close!)
  • 19. • Pursue waste prevention, reuse, repair, recycling and composting, and ban materials and products that don’t allow for these activities • Promote repair, resale and reuse of durable products made of fewer material types and designed for recyclability when they outlive their usefulness • Recognize that most environmental impacts from products (e.g. pollutants created, energy consumed, habitat destroyed) come from resource extraction and industries “ upstream” of consumers, rather than from their disposal in landfills
  • 20. • Move from a linear, consumption-driven economy to a cyclical, service-oriented economy • Provide economic incentives: Tax pollution and waste, not labor and income • Eliminate corporate welfare for wasting • Encourage use of recycled content products by manufacturers • Work with manufacturers, product designers, advertisers and consumers to share responsibility for the products produced and used prior to disposal
  • 21. All discards can be sorted into twelve categories… Delaware Discards Sorted into the 12 Market Catogries Note: Half of the Pie is Organic Material Suitable for Composting Metals 6% Glass 3% Paper 37% Wood 4% Soils 1% Textiles 4% Ceramics 2% Chemicals 0% Reuse 3% Polymers 11% Putrescibles 19% Plant Debris 10%
  • 22. Master Category Clusters <ul><li>Paper and Containers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper, metals, glass, polymers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food, vegetative debris, food dirty paper, paper, plant debris, putrescibles, wood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discarded items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Furniture, appliances, clothing, toys, tools, reusable goods, textiles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special discards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals, construction and demolition materials, wood, ceramics, soils </li></ul></ul>
  • 23. R euse and Repair
  • 24. R ecycling
  • 25. Composting
  • 26. Special Discards
  • 27. Provide Incentives before Ban or Mandate Eliminate Waste by Designing Out of Products and Processes Foster Sustainable and Green Businesses Retailers Take Back Difficult to Recycle Materials Resource Recovery Park Producer Responsibility Expand City Outreach & Technical Assistance and Lead by Example Jobs from Design & Discards © Copyright Eco-Cycle, 2004 with text modifications by permission. www.ecocycle.org/zerowaste/zwsystem Empowered Consumer Palo Alto Zero Waste System
  • 28. Model Zero Waste Strategic Plan (Palo Alto, California) Divert 75% of discarded materials from landfills or incinerators by 2010 and achieve Zero Waste, or close to it, by 2020. SUPPORTING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>I ncrease reuse, recycling and composting collection and processing options and develop new markets that add value to materials recovered and minimize residues requiring disposal. Zero Waste systems should be particularly encouraged that provide the greatest economic development benefit for the region (e.g., jobs, increased tax base). </li></ul><ul><li>D evelop programs and policies to address specific needs of each major sector in Palo Alto: manufacturers; retailers; restaurants; medical services; offices; and single-family and multi-family residential dwellings. </li></ul><ul><li>I ncrease incentives for waste generators and service providers to design out waste and separate materials for their highest and best uses. </li></ul><ul><li>D esign and manage products and processes to reduce the volume and toxicity of waste and materials, conserve and recover all resources, and not burn or bury them. Ask product designers and marketers to consider Zero Waste to be a critical design criterion. </li></ul>MISSION
  • 29. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued SUPPORTING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>C ity lead by example to achieve Zero Waste goals for all facilities owned or leased by the City. </li></ul><ul><li>M inimize environmental impacts and City liabilities from wasting and ensure that the burdens and benefits of zero waste systems are equitably distributed. Eliminate all discharges to land, water or air that may be a threat to planetary, human, animal or plant health. </li></ul><ul><li>E ngage community-wide support to achieve Zero Waste through more interactive community participation, outreach and education programs. Encourage people to emulate sustainable natural cycles, where all discarded materials are resources for others to use. Coordinate outreach programs for sustainability and pollution prevention with Zero Waste, waste prevention and recycling programs, and use Zero Waste Business Principles as basis for their evaluation of business performance. ( Obtain input and include recommendations from City staff and Zero Waste Task Force on other opportunities for local, countywide and regional education and outreach programs that would support Zero Waste messages. ) </li></ul>
  • 30. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued A dopt policies and economic incentives to restructure the marketplace to encourage waste prevention, reuse, recycling & composting. Change Ordinances, contracts, franchises, permits, zoning, General Plans and garbage rate structures so that it is cheapest to stop discarding materials, and reusing, recycling or composting discarded materials is cheaper than landfilling or incineration. STRATEGY 3: A sk local businesses to adopt Zero Waste goals, to develop Zero Waste plans, to adhere to Zero Waste Business principles, ( 1 ) to meet waste diversion targets, and to source separate designated materials that can be reused, recycled or composted. STRATEGY 2: D etermine how and where materials are discarded, and establish a monitoring and tracking database system to evaluate performance of diversion and source reduction programs by material type and sector. Identify the value of materials that are currently being landfilled, and the potential for additional recovery through expanded reuse, recycling and composting. STRATEGY 1: KEY STRATEGIES, Years 2005-10
  • 31. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued <ul><li>Develop programs and policies to address specific needs </li></ul><ul><li>R esidential discarded food (2) collection and composting </li></ul><ul><li>E xpanded institutional and commercial recycling; particularly for paper recycling and other services needed for top 4 waste generating sectors (Medical/Health Services; Restaurants; Other Retail Trade; and Business Services) </li></ul><ul><li>I nstitutional and commercial discarded food collection and composting </li></ul><ul><li>E xpanded emphasis on deconstruction and support for adaptive reuse </li></ul><ul><li>E xpanded recovery, reuse and recycling of used building materials </li></ul><ul><li>E xpanded support for collection and drop-off of other reusable products </li></ul><ul><li>S uccessful implementation of City’s new ordinance to encourage construction, remodeling, land clearing and demolition debris recycling. </li></ul>STRATEGY 4: KEY STRATEGIES, Years 2005-10
  • 32. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued A dopt Precautionary Principle and expand focus on purchasing environmentally preferable products. Help City’s Sustainable Purchasing Committee to expand the purchase of environmentally preferable products. Encourage or require all new private construction and major renovation projects in Palo Alto to follow the lead of the City’s Green Building policy and build only LEED-certified Green Buildings. STRATEGY 7: E xtend use of landfills ( Palo Alto and Kirby Canyon ) as long as possible, so don’t have to arrange for more capacity elsewhere. Minimize long-term landfill liabilities by ensuring that full capital and operating, closure and post-closure costs are factored into current rates and financial assurances. STRATEGY 6: S upport existing reuse, recycling and composting businesses and nonprofit organizations and help them expand to the degree the operators of them want to do so, to minimize public investments required. Develop locally owned and independent infrastructure, on an open, competitive basis . ( 3 ) Develop local or regional resource recovery park(s) to provide locations for expansion of reuse, recycling and composting businesses. STRATEGY 5: KEY STRATEGIES, Years 2005-10
  • 33. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued F und community Zero Waste initiatives with fees levied on the transport, transfer and disposal of wastes and by leveraging the investments of the private sector. Structure fees and taxes in ways that provide additional incentives for designing out waste, reuse, recycling and composting. STRATEGY 10: A dopt Zero Waste as an economic development priority to make Palo Alto businesses more sustainable and globally competitive. STRATEGY 9: S upport state and federal policies to eliminate subsidies, internalize externalities for virgin material production and wasting, and involve producers in taking physical and/or financial responsibility for their products and packaging to reuse, repair or recycle them back into nature or the marketplace. Work with other local governments and businesses to build useful alliances and share successes. STRATEGY 8: KEY STRATEGIES, Years 2005-10
  • 34. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued D evelop Zero Waste Implementation Plan ( ZWIP ) after the City updates its detailed 1997 waste characterization study ( scheduled for FY2005-2006 ) , to detail proposed policies and programs, budget and cost implications, and timing of implementation. Identify City priorities for additional publicly financed facilities to support to be developed, including appropriate reuse, recycling and/or composting activities for Palo Alto Landfill site consistent with existing zoning once the landfill is closed. R ecommendations must be environmentally sustainable, practically implementable, economically viable, and socially responsible. Do not implement local bans, mandates and required product stewardship policies until the adoption of the ZWIP and evaluation of progress over the course of the year after adoption of the City’s Zero Waste Policy. However, immediately support state and federal producer responsibility and advanced recycling charges for difficult to recycle or toxic materials. Evaluate implementation of new policies and programs and recommend how to continuously improve them after adoption of the ZWIP. STRATEGY 11: KEY STRATEGIES, Years 2005-10
  • 35. Palo Alto Zero Waste Strategic Plan Continued Include appropriate tactics from “Menu of Policy Options” and program recommendations after agreeing on Mission, Objectives and Strategies (similar to those suggested in Draft 1 of the “Outline of Palo Alto ZW Action Plan”). KEY STRATEGIES with TACTICS
  • 36. Thanks for attending our presentation! Please sign-in if you’d like to be kept informed about our local efforts at promoting Zero Waste. And if you’d like to join our group, just check the appropriate box next to your name. Visit us on the web! www.zerowastesandiego.org

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